17 May 2016

SBI Clerk Prelims 2016- Practice Reasoning Questions (Statement & Assumption)

SBI Clerk Prelims 2016- Practice Reasoning Questions (Statement & Assumption)
SBI Clerk Prelims 2016- Practice Reasoning Questions (Statement & Assumption) Set-36:
Dear Readers, Important Practice Reasoning Questions with explanation for Upcoming SBI Clerk Exams was given here with explanation, candidates those who are preparing for those exams can use this practice questions.

Directions (1 – 10) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statements and the following assumption and decide which of the assumption(s) is / are implicit in the statement.
Give answer
a)   If only Assumption I is implicit
b)   If only Assumption II is implicit
c)   If either Assumption I or II is implicit
d)   If neither Assumption I nor II is implicit
e)   If both Assumption I and II are implicit

1). Statement : The General Administration Department has issued a circular to all the employees informing them that hence forth the employees can avail their lunch break at any of the half hour slots between 1 : 00 pm and 2 : 30 pm.
Assumptions
             I.        The employees may welcome the decision and avail lunch break at different time slots
           II.        There may not be any break in the work of the organization as the employees will have their lunch break at different time slots.

2).  Statement : The Government has decided against reduction of prices of petroleum products though there is a significant drop in the crude oil prices in the international market.
Assumptions
             I.        The prices of crude oil in the international market may again increase in the near future
           II.        The present price difference of petroleum products will help the government to with stand any possible price rise in future.

3).  Statement : The Government has made an appeal to all the citizens to honestly pay income tax and file returns reflecting the true income level to help the Government to carry out development activities
Assumptions
             I.        People may now start paying more taxes in response to the appeal
           II.        The total income tax collection may considerably increase in the near future

4).  Statement : The State Government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.
Assumptions
             I.        There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers
           II.        The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the Government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers

5). Statement : The school authority has decided to increase the number of students in each classroom to seventy from the next academic session to bridge the gap between income and expenditure to a larger extent.
Assumptions
             I.        The income generated by way of fees of the additional students will be sufficient enough to bridge the gap.
           II.        The school will get all the additional students in each class from the next academic session.

6). Statement : The driver of the huge truck pulled the emergency brakes to avoid hitting the auto rickshaw which suddenly came in front of the truck.
Assumptions
             I.        The auto rickshaw driver may be able to steer his vehicle away from the oncoming truck
           II.        The truck driver may be able to stop the truck before it hits the autorickshaw

7). Statement : The doctor warned the patient against any further consumption of alcohol, if he desired to get cured from the ailment and live a longer life.
Assumptions
             I.        The patient may follow the doctor’s advice and stop consuming alcohol
           II.        The doctor may be able to cure the patient from the ailment, if the patient stops consuming alcohol

8). Statement : The chairman of the company urged all the employees to refrain from making long personal calls during working hours in order to boost productivity.
Assumptions
             I.        Majority of the employees may respond positively to the chairman’s appeal
           II.        Most of the employees may continue to make long personal calls during working hours

9). Statement : The local cultural club decided to organize a musical event to raise money for the construction of the club building.
Assumptions
             I.        The local residents may not allow the club to organize the musical event in the locality.
           II.        The money allocated by organizing the musical event may be substantial enough for the club to start construction.

10). Statement : The traffic police department has put up huge notice boards at all major junctions of the city, warning drivers to refrain from using cell phones while driving or else their licenses will be impounded
Assumptions
             I.        The drivers of the vehicles may ignore the warning and continue using cell phones while driving.
           II.        The traffic police department may be able to nab most of the offenders and impound their licenses.

Answers:                    
1). e) 2). d) 3). e) 4). a) 5). e) 6). b) 7). e) 8). a) 9). b) 10). d)


Explanation:
1). A decision is taken if it is felt that the decision would be an acceptance among most of the people. Hence, Assumption I is implicit. Assumption II is also implicit as the reason behind need
Answer:  e)

2). It is not necessary that the price rise be three in the mind of Government while taking the decision. Infact the truth is that our petroleum companies are running losses even after the drop in international price. Hence, both are invalid assumptions
Answer: d)

3). Assumption I and II both are implicit because both are imminent positive outcomes assumed.
Answer: e)

4). Teachers cannot be appointed in a vacuum and the reason Assumption I is a valid Assumption. Assumption II is not valid as it is most of a presumption.
Answer: a)

5). Assumption I is implicit because when a dewsion is made, it is assumed to be effective. Further, Assumption II is also implicit as it is assumed that the stipulated target will be met.
Answer: e)

6). The driver does not have control on what the auto driver will do. Hence, I is invalid. But II is a valid assumption because if one takes an action he assumes its outcome.
Answer: b)

7). Assumption I is implicit in the very giving of the advice. Assumption II is implicit in the condition attached.
Answer: e)

8). When we urge someone to do something, we assume a positive response. Hence, Assumption I is implicit while for the same reason Assumption II becomes invalid.
Answer: a)

9). Assumption I were implicit, such a decision would not be taken. Assumption II is implicit in the purpose of fund raising that has been mentioned in the statement
Answer: b)

10). Assumption I is invalid because when a warning is given it is assumed that it will be heeded to. Further, Assumption II is not belived to be the motive behind a warning. Hence Assumption II is also invalid.
Answer: d)






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