17 Jul 2016

Computer Awareness Daily Glossary

Computer Awareness Daily Glossary
Computer Awareness Daily Glossary:
Dear Readers, Here we have given the list of important Computer Awareness Glossary, Candidates those who are preparing for the upcoming Banking exams can use this.


COMPUTER AWARENESS DAILY GLOSSARY
Qwerty: It one of the standard computer keyboard, with the character Q,W,E,R,T and Y on the top row of letters.
Quality assurance: The planned systematic activities necessary to ensure that a component, module, or system conforms to established technical requirements.
Quality control: The operational techniques and procedures used to achieve quality requirements.
Query: A request for information from a database.
Recursion: The process of defining or generating a process or data structure in terms of itself.
Register: A small, high speed memory circuit within a microprocessor that holds addresses and values of internal operations; e.g., registers keep track of the address of the instruction being executed and the data being processed. Each microprocessor has a specific number of registers depending upon its design.
Reliability:The ability of a system or component to perform its required functions under stated conditions for a specified period of time.
Risk:A measure of the probability and severity of undesired effects. Often taken as the simple product of probability and consequence.
Robustness:The degree to which a software system or component can function correctly in the presence of invalid inputs or stressful environmental conditions.
Routine:A subprogram that is called by other programs and subprograms. Note: This term is defined differently in various programming languages.
Routing:The process of choosing the best path throughout the LAN.
RS-232-C:An Electronic Industries Association (EIA) standard for connecting electronic equipment. Data is transmitted and received in serial format.
Scanner: A scanner is a piece of hardware that will examine a picture and produce a computer file that represents what it sees. A digital camera is a related device. Each has its own limitations.
Search Engine: A tool used which matches key words you enter with titles and description on the Internet. Itthen displays the matches allowing you to easily locate a subject. Similar to a card catalog, but not as efficient.Common search engines are Webcrawler, Yahoo, Alta Vista, Infoseek, Google and Lycos.
Server: (1) A computer or its software that serves other computers by administering network files and network operations. Three types of Internet servers are Web servers, e-mail servers, and Gopher servers. (2)A high speed computer in a network that is shared by multiple users. It holds the programs and data that are shared by all users.
Surfing: The random, aimless exploration of web pages achieved through following links that look interesting within a document
Software: Software is the set of instructions developed by programming language which tells a computer what to do.
System software: controls the overall operation of a computer. Some of the activities include managing system memory, controlling system resources, executing computer hardware functions and interfacing a user with computer hardware and applications.
Sensor: A peripheral input device which senses some variable in the system environment, such as temperature,and converts it to an electrical signal which can be further converted to a digital signal for processing by the computer.
Serial: (1) Pertaining to the sequential processing of the individual parts of a whole, such as the bits of a character or the characters of a word, using the same facilities for successive parts. (2) Term describing the transmission of data one bit at a time.
Small scale integration: A classification of ICs [chips] based on their size as expressed by the number of circuits or logic gates they contain. An SSI IC contains up to 100 transistors.
Software engineering: The application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development,operation, and maintenance of software; i.e., the application of engineering to software.

Source code: Computer instructions and data definitions expressed in a form suitable for input to an assembler,compiler or other translator.
Source program: A computer program that must be compiled, assembled, or otherwise translated in order to be executed by a computer. Contrast with object program. See: source code.
Specification: A document that specifies, in a complete, precise, verifiable manner, the requirements, design,behavior,or other characteristics of a system or component, and often, the procedures for determining whether these provisions have been satisfied.
SSL/Secure Socket Layer: The leading security protocol on the Internet. When an SSL session is started,the browser sends its public key to the server so that the server can securely send a secret key to the browser.
Structured programming: Any software development technique that includes structured design and results in the development of structured programs.
Subroutine: A routine that returns control to the program or subprogram that called it. Note: This term is defined differently in various programming languages.
Synchronous: Occurring at regular, timed intervals, i.e. timing dependent.
Syntax: The structural or grammatical rules that define how symbols in a language are to be combined to form words, phrases, expressions, and other allowable constructs.
Swapping: Storing program on a disk and then transferring these programs into main storage as and when they are needed.
Synchronisation: This method ensures that the receiving end can recognise characters in order, in which the transmitting end sends them in a serial data transmission.




 



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