14 Jul 2016

Computer Awareness Daily Glossary

Computer Awareness Daily Glossary
Computer Awareness Daily Glossary:
Dear Readers, Here we have given the list of important Computer Awareness Glossary, Candidates those who are preparing for the upcoming Banking exams can use this.

Information Technology (IT): including ICT (Information and Communication Technology) is the application of appropriate (enabling) technologes to information processing.

Input/output (I/O): A generic reference to input and/or output to a computer.

IP: Acronym for “Internet Protocol”. The standard protocol used by systems communicating across the Internet.

Inkjet Printer: A non-impact printer in which the print head contains independently controlled injection
chambers that squirt ink droplets on the paper to form letters and images.

Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN): A digital telecommunications standard for data delivery over twisted-pair lines with transmission speeds up to 128 Kbps (two 64 Kbps line pairs).

InterFace: (1) A specific hardware or software connection. (2) Making two devices capable of communication. Used most often to refer to the design of hardware and software that allows connection of network components and transfer of information.

Internet: Internet is the largest wide area network in the world which links millions of computers. Through internet information can be shared, business can be conducted and research can be done.

IP Address (Internet Protocol Address): A unique numerical Internet address identifying any piece of equipment hooked up to the Internet.

Intranet: An Internet-like network whose scope is restricted to the networks within a particular organization.

Installation: The phase in the system life cycle that includes assembly and testing of the hardware and software of a computerized system. Installation includes installing a new computer system, new software or hardware, or otherwise modifying the current system.

Instruction: A program statement that causes a computer to perform a particular operation or set of operations.

Instruction set: The complete set of instructions recognized by a given computer or provided by a given programming language.

Instruction cycle

Interrupt: The suspension of a process to handle an event external to the process.

Java: Java is a programming language and has a “sandboxed” code interpreter which permits programs to be downloaded to PC’s from the Web, but isolates these applications from access to other applications running on the PC.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group): A bit-mapped file format that compresses image size.

Jukebox: A storage device for multiple sets of CD-ROMs, tape cartridges, or disk modules enabling ready access to vast amounts of online data.

Job: A user-defined unit of work that is to be accomplished by a computer. For example, the compilation, loading, and execution of a computer program.

Kernel: It is a fundamental part of program, such as an operating system, that resides in a memory at all times.

Keyboard: is one of computer components which used to input data to a computer. It is called an input device.