Daily Current Affairs Updates–15th September 2016:
Daily Current affairs News Updates about the National and International events were listed here. Candidates those who are preparing for IBPS/SBI/PO/Clerk exam and all other competitive exams can use this.
15 September: International Day of Democracyi. International Day of Democracy was observed on 15 September 2016 with theme Democracy and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The day provides an opportunity to review the state of democracy in the world.
ii. The 2016 theme of the day is based on the United Nations resolution that was adopted in September 2015 by all 193 Member States that is the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The 2030 agenda seeks to achieve a better future for all by ending extreme poverty, fight inequality and injustice, and protect Earth.
About International Day of Democracy
i It was created by the UN General Assembly through a resolution in 2007 to strengthen national programmes devoted to the promotion and consolidation of democracy.
ii. It was observed for the first time in 2008.
iii. Though the word Democracy is nowhere is mentioned in the UN Charter of 1945, the UN has played a pivotal role in nurturing Democratic values, practices and institutions.
The theme for the 2015 was: Space for Civil Society.
'Swachh Bharat Abhiyan' mascot made Kunwar Bai
i. Kunwar Bai (105), who was felicitated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi for building toilet by selling off her goats, has been chosen as the ‘Swachh Bharat Abhiyan’ mascot.
ii. Prime Minister Modi will felicitate Kunwar Bai at a function in the national capital to mark `Swachhta Diwas' on September 17. The campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at Rajghat, New Delhi, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Agriculture museum inaugurated in Chhattisgarh
i. An agriculture museum inaugurated at Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (IGKV) and it is touted as the first of its kind in any agriculture university in the country. Chhattisgarh Governor Balramji Das Tandon, Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh, Chief Minister Raman Singh and state agriculture minister Brijmohan Agrawal will be present at the inauguration ceremony.
ii. Set up at a cost of Rs 4.92 crore, the museum aims to provide information about special agricultural techniques, agriculture-related problems and their solution, villagers' lifestyles. It also displays the agriculture and tribal culture of Chhattisgarh. Modern techniques of farming are displayed in an interactive manner,
At least 12 touch screens have been installed in the museum which provides information on subjects like climatic conditions, soil quality, and rainfall variations. A mobile application 'Crop Doctor', designed by the university for the farmers, will also be launched, the Vice Chancellor said.
iii. The new Agriculture Science Centre for Raipur district will also be inaugurated on the occasion. Besides, the university will be holding its 8th convocation tomorrow where 1,197 students will be awarded degrees.
'Free flights for India Olympics, Paralympics winners'
i. Low-cost carrier Air Asia on Wednesday announced free flights for all Indian sportspersons who have won medals at the Rio Olympics and Paralympics.
ii. The gold medallists have been offered free flights for life, the firm stated. Meanwhile, the silver and bronze medallists at the two sports events will be eligible for five and three years of free flights respectively, it added
'India to be 3rd largest construction market by 2025'i. India will become the third largest construction market in the world by 2025 with a size of $1 trillion, professional services firm KPMG said on Wednesday.
ii. This will be on account of increased activity in roads, buildings, irrigation, urban infrastructure, and railways. Presently, India is the fourth largest construction market in the world behind the US, China and Japan
Dharamshala International Film Festival to be held in Novi. The fifth Dharamshala International Film Festival is scheduled to begin on November 3 in McLeod Ganj, Dharamshala. The first few films at the four-day festival will include the South Korean drama 'A Korean in Paris' and the Thai film 'The Island Funeral'. The directors of the movies will present their films at the festival and participate in Q&A sessions.
India has declared itself free from bird flu.
i. India has declared itself free from the highly contagious avian influenza or bird flu. The government, which had notified the outbreak at Humnabad in Bidar district of Karnataka in May, however, has stressed the need for continued surveillance.
ii. Bird flu mainly affects domestic poultry. It spreads from infected birds to other winged creatures through contact with nasal and respiratory secretions and also due to contamination of feed and water.
iii. "India has declared itself free from avian influenza (H5N1) from September 5 and notified the same to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)," the department of animal husbandry, under the agriculture ministry , said in a statement.
Strongest typhoon in 21 years hits Taiwan
i. A Category-5 typhoon 'Meranti' hit Taiwan on Wednesday, with the winds being rated the strongest in 21 years.
Over 2 lakh homes lost power and people living along the typhoon's path were evacuated.
ii. The typhoon is expected to hit southern China on Thursday where authorities have already cancelled train services and are preparing to evacuate people
UEFA elected Aleksander Ceferin as president
i. Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) elected Aleksander Ceferin to succeed Michel Platini as president today. The 48-year-old succeeds former France international Michel Platini, who resigned after being banned from all football activity last year. Ceferin will take on the remainder of Platini's term of office, until 2019.
ii. It is one of six continental confederations of world football's governing body FIFA. UEFA consists of 55 national association members
Headscarf emoji was designed by Saudi girl
i. A 15-year-old Saudi girl living in Germany has proposed designing a headscarf emoji as countries across Europe wrestle with the issue of the Muslim veil.
ii. Rayouf Alhumedhi has sent a proposal to The Unicode Consortium, a non-profit corporation that reviews and develops new emojis.
iii. The idea gained the backing of the co-founder of online discussion forum Reddit, Alexis Ohanian. If approved, her emoji will be available in 2017.
i. A 'Museum of Illusions' where guests can witness holograms and optical illusions has opened in Ljubljana city, Slovenia. The museum features an 'Anti-gravity Room' where water flows uphill and a 'Vortex Tunnel' designed to make guests feel as if they are losing ground even as the room remains still. Guests can also visit the 'Smart Playroom' featuring puzzles and brainteasers.
i. Zurich in Switzerland has been named the most sustainable city in the world by global design and consultancy firm Arcadis.
Singapore and the Swedish capital of Stockholm have been placed second and third respectively,
ii. While Vienna and London complete the top five. The 2016 Sustainable Cities Index examined 100 cities across the sectors 'People, Planet and Profit'.
i. Axis Bank has tied up with Banaras Hindu University (BHU) to offer specialized banking courses. The bank along with the Faculty of Commerce at BHU will develop the design and curriculum of courses, besides deciding on e-learning modules, structure and courseware.
ii. The partnership will offer courses like Masters in Commerce (MCom), Master of Financial Management (MFM), Master of Financial Management (Risk & Insurance) MFM - RI, Master of Foreign Trade (MFT).
iii. The courses will be designed to introduce the students to functioning of banking industry in India and to academically and vocationally prepare them for corporate world. The bank will conduct lectures through domain experts or faculty before the end of each semester pertaining to banking and insurance.
India’s microfinance sector sees 60% growth in FY16
i. The Indian microfinance (MFI) industry expanded over 60% to INR54,329 crore in 2015-16, against the previous year, a report released on Wednesday stated.
ii. Further, the MFI client base widened by INR 28 lakh in this period, taking the total number of clients to INR 3.99 crore. Growth continued despite Bandhan, the largest MFI, moving out to become a bank, the report added
i. State Bank of India, Punjab National Bank, IDFC Bank, and digital wallet Paytm will start issuing electronic tags to vehicles for toll collection, National Highways Authority Chairman Raghav Chandra announced today.
ii. This would help increase the number of automatic pass-throughs at toll plazas to 50% in two years. Note : NHAI (National Highways Authority of India) had earlier tied up with ICICI Bank for the same.
i. Anil Ambani-led Reliance Communications and Maxis Communications Berhad (MCB), promoters of Aircel, on 14 September 2016 agreed to merge their wireless businesses to form the fourth-largest telecom operator in the country.
ii. The merger is termed as the biggest consolidation deal in India's telecom sector.
AGREEMENTS & MoUs
i. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed in the presence of Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar and state industries minister Vipul Goel by Chairman, Gionee Mobiles, Liu Lirong and Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructure Development Corporation (HSIIDC).
ii. Gionee mobile phones would now be manufactured in Haryana as the company has signed an MoU with the state government to set up its phone manufacturing hub with an initial investment of Rs 500 crore which, later on, would be increased to Rs 1,500 crore.
i. The United States will provide Israel’s military with $38 billion during the next 10 years. The deal is the largest such agreement the US has ever had with any country.
ii. Under the terms, Israel will receive 3.8 billion dollars a year from the US, up from the 3.1 billion dollars Washington currently gives Israel annually under a 10-year deal that ends in 2018. Under the agreement, Israel’s ability to spend part of the funds on Israeli military products
India and Afghanistan signed 3 MoUs
i. India and Afghanistan signed 3 MoUs after talks between Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi.
Mutuala Legal Assistance Treaty
Treaty on extradition.
Peaceful uses of outer space.
i. The Uttar Pradesh govt has appointed Bollywood actor Nawazuddin Siddiqui as the brand ambassador of its flagship programme 'Samajwadi Kisan Beema Yojana'. Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav announced it at a function in the presence of the actor.
ii. He hoped that with Nawazuddin's help, the benefits of the scheme, aimed at providing insurance coverage to the farmers, will reach a large number of people. The scheme provides for cashless treatment upto Rs 2.5 lakh and Rs one lakh for organ transplant.
Hiroshi Nakagawa as the Chairman of Isuzu Motors India
i. Japanese automobile maker Isuzu Motors on 14 September 2016 announced the appointments of Hiroshi Nakagawa as the Chairman of Isuzu Motors India (IMI) with immediate effect.
Hiroyasu Miura, the erstwhile Chairman of IMI will take over as the Chairman and Managing Director (CMD) of Isuzu Engineering Business Centre India Pvt Ltd (IEBCI) with immediate effect. Nakagawa has been actively involved in Isuzu business division for over 20 years in key Isuzu markets.
i. U.S. President Obama has nominated a 47-year-old Indian-American woman attorney to the U.S. District Court bench in New York.
ii. “I am pleased to nominate Diane Gujarati to serve on the U.S. District Court bench” Mr. Obama said.
iii. Ms. Gujarati, the Deputy Chief of the Criminal Division of the U.S. attorney’s office has been nominated on the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York.
i. A 28 year old Indian origin MIT scientist has won a award for his research on radio waves.
ii. Dinesh Bharadia, a graduate of IIT Kanpur was honoured with the 2016 Marconi Society Paul Baran Young Scholar Award.
ii. His research disproved a long-held assumption that it is generally not possible for a radio to receive & transmit on the same frequency band because of the interference that results.
The 2015 National Medal of Arts recipients
i. The 2015 National Medal of Arts and the National Humanities Medals recipients were unveiled on 14 September 2016 by the White House. President Barack Obama will award the medals on 22 September 2016 in a ceremony in the East Room of the White House.
National Medal of Arts
· Mel Brooks, Actor, Comedian and Writer
· Sandra Cisneros, Author
· Eugene O’Neill Theater Center
· Morgan Freeman, Actor
· Philip Glass, Composer
· Berry Gordy, Record Producer & Songwriter
· Santiago Jiménez, Jr., Musician
· Moises Kaufman, Director & Playwright
· Ralph Lemon, Dancer, Choreographer, Writer, & Visual Artist
· Audra McDonald, Actress & Singer
· Luis Valdez, Playwright, Actor, Writer & Director
· Jack Whitten, Painter
National Humanities Medal
· Rudolfo Anaya, Author
· José Andrés, Chef & Entrepreneur
· Ron Chernow, Author
· Louise Glück, Poet
· Terry Gross, Radio Host & Producer
· James McBride, Author
· Louis Menand, Author
· Elaine Pagels, Historian & Author
· Prison University Project, Higher Education Program
· Abraham Verghese, Physician, Professor & Author
· Isabel Wilkerson, Journalist & Author
Meghna Pant won the Fellows of Nature South (FON) Asia Short Story Award
i. Writer Meghna Pant will be honoured with Kumaon Literary Festival's FON (Fellows of Nature) South AsiaShort Story Award in Nature writing in October for her short story "People of the Sun."
ii. The annual travelling literary festival gives this award in partnership with the French Institute of India and Wildlife Trust of India to "revive nature writing and bring the spotlight on critical environment issues like climate change through this form of literature.
7 women get M.S. Subbulakshmi Awards
i. The Dr. M.S. Subbulakshmi Centenary Awards were presented on at a ceremony in Mumbai to seven of India’s most-respected women artistes — vocalists Girija Devi, Kishori Amonkar, Aruna Sairam and Vishaka Hari; dancers Yamini Krishnamurthy and Vyjayantimala Bali; and Pandavani exponent Teejan Bai.
ii. M.S. Subbulakshmi’s birth centenary celebrations, which began in 2015 at the Sri Shanmukhananda hall, will conclude with a week-long festival that began on September 12.
iii. Subbulakshmi was a Carnatic vocalist. She was the first musician ever to be awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian honour. She was the first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award, often considered Asia's Nobel Prize.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Indian scientists recycle fish scales into green energy
i. A pool of researchers at Jadavpur University developed a biodegradable energy harvester from raw fish scales, which could be tapped as a sustainable green energy source for next generation self-powered implantable medical devices which has the potential for personal portable electronics with reduced e-waste elements.
ii. Fish scales, a by-product that is usually thrown away, contain collagen fibers that possess a piezoelectric property, which means that an electric charge is generated in them in response to mechanical stress.
i. Indian Cyclists won six medals, including three gold, two silver and one bronze on the opening day of the Track Asia Cup 2016 in New Delhi. The medal winners for India include Deborah Herold, Kezia Vargheese, Alena Reji, Rajkumari Devi, Nayana Rajesh and Anu Chutia.
ii. Deborah Herold won two gold medals at the Indira Gandhi Sports Complex Velodrome. Her first gold came in women’s elite 500 by clocking 35.964 seconds. Her second Gold came in team sprint women elite event, where the Indian team comprising Deborah Herold and Kezia Vargheese defeated the team from Kazakhstan to bag the gold medal. A bronze medal was awarded to Rajkumari Devi, due to walkover at the women elite pursuit 3kms event.
iii. In men's elite team sprint event, the team from Iran bagged gold with a time of 46.330 followed by team Malaysia and team Kazakhstan bagging the silver and bronze medal respectively with timing of 47.999s and 47.641s. The Indian team finished fourth in the event.
iv. On the other hand, in the men’s junior team won silver in the sprint event by defeating the team from Kazakhstan with a time of 49.299s. The junior women's team bagged gold in the Team Sprint event, Nayana Rajesh and Anu Chutia defetaed the team from Uzbekistan with a timing of 37.452s.
v. Another star for India was Alena Reji, who was taking part in her first international event as she won a silver beating Jantuganova Olga from Uzbekistan. Anis Amira from Malaysia won the gold medal in this event with a timing of 38.443s.
vi. At the end of the first day of the championship, India and Malaysia shared the top spot with three gold, two silver, one bronze medal each. Hong Kong, with three gold and two bronze, stand second in the tally followed by Iran with one gold.
i. The competition is named after Kumar Shri Duleepsinhji of Nawanagar. The 2016–17 Duleep Trophy was the 55th season of the Duleep Trophy. In June 2016, the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) announced that the tournament will feature day/night matches and pink ball will be used.
ii. The tournament was contested by three teams, namely India Red, India Blue and India Green. Gautam Gambhir-led India Blue on 14 September 2016 won the inaugural day/night Duleep Trophy Cricket tournament held in Greater Noida.
iii. In the final, India Blue defeated India Red, captained by Yuvraj Singh, by a massive 355 runs. Ravinder Jadeja, who bagged 5 wickets in the second innings, finished the game with a 10-wicket haul.
Cheteshwar Pujara was named the Player of the Match.
Umpire arunachalam passes away
i. K.V arunachalam, a former all India umpire passed away. He was 78 years old.