30 Sep 2016

Mission IBPS PO 2016- Practice Reasoning Questions with Detailed Explanation

Mission IBPS PO 2016- Practice Reasoning Questions Set-19:
Dear Readers, Important Practice Reasoning Questions with explanation for Upcoming IBPS PO Exams was given here with explanation, candidates those who are preparing for those exams can use this practice questions.

1). In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ’strong’ arguments and ‘weak’ arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Statement: Should the govt. deregulate the retail prices of petrol, diesel and cooking gas and allow the prices to be driven by market conditions?
Arguments: I. yes, this will largely help the oil companies to sell their products at competitive price.
II. No, the general public cannot afford market driven prices of these products.
III. Yes, govt. needs to stop subsidizing these products and channelize the money for developmental projects.
a)    Only I and II are strong
b)    Only I and III are strong
c)    Only II and III are strong
d)    All I, II and III are strong
e)    None of these

2). In each question below a statement is given followed by two courses of action numbered I and II, A course of action is a practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for follow-up, improvement, or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. on the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Statement: Despite all the efforts by the government, thirty cases of polio were reported in State X as the parents of those children remained uninformed of this drive against polio.
Courses of action:
I.          Strict action should be taken against the parents of children affected from polio.
II.        Strict action should be taken against the doctors administering polio drops in the state.
a)    If only course of action I follows.
b)    If only course of action II follows.
c)    If either course of action I or course of action follows
d)    If neither course of action I nor course of action II follows.
e)    If both courses of action I and II follow.

3). Below in each question are given two statements I and II. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements
(a) The association of management colleges conducted a combined admission exam for all the institutes this year.
(b) As the dates for entrance exam for many management colleges clashed last year, many candidates complained that they could not appear for a number of entrance exams.
a)    If statement(a) is the cause and statement (b) is its effect.
b)    If statement(b) is the cause and statement (a) is its effect.
c)    If both the statements (a) and (b) are independent causes.
d)    If both the statements (a) and (b) are effects of independent causes.
e)    If both the statements (a) and (b) are effects of some common cause.

Directions (Q. 4-8): In each of the question given below, there are two statements followed by two conclusions numbered 1 and 2.you have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements.
a)    Only (1)conclusion follows
b)    Only (2) conclusion follows
c)    Either(1) or (2) follows
d)    Neither (1) or (2) follows
e)    Both (1) and (2) follow


4). Statements:     (a)All mangoes have juices
(b) No juice has colour
(c) Some colours have liquid.
Conclusions:
I.Some mangoes have colour.
II.At least some juices have liquid.
 
5). Statements:     (a)Some boys are cricketers.
(b)All cricketers are players.
(c) Some players are winners.
Conclusions:
I. Some winners are cricketers.
II. Some players are boys.
 
6). Statements:     (a)Some pencil are pins
(b)all pins are iron.
(c) Some iron is element.
Conclusion:
I.Some element is pins.
II.No iron is pencil.
7). Statements:     (a)All fans are AC.
(b)Some AC are cooler.
(c) No wind-mill is AC
Conclusion:
I. No fan is wind-mill.
II. Some coolers are wind-mills.
8). Statements:     (a)All apples are Samsung.
(b)No Samsung is Sony.
(c) Some apples are Nokia.
Conclusion:
I. Some Samsung are Nokia.
II. No apple is Sony.

Directions (Q. 9-10): A family consist of six members P,Q,R,X,Y and Z.Q is the son of R but R is not mother of Q.P and R are a married couple, Y is the brother of R. X is the daughter of P.Z is the brother of P.
9).Who is the brother-in-law of R?
a)    P
b)    Z
c)    Y
d)    X  
e)    Indeterminable

10).Who is the father of Q?
a)    R
b)    P
c)    Z
d)    None of these
e)    Indeterminable

Answers:
1).c  2).d  3).b  4).d  5).b  6).d  7).a  8).e  9).b  10).a

Explanation:
1).The prices of petrol, diesel and cooking gas will influence prices of lot of other basic things. Hence, government subsidize these commodities. Therefore, argument I is not strong.
Argument II is strong as the general public cannot afford market driven prices of these products
Stopping subsidy and channelizing the money for developmental projects is also strong argument.
Answer: c)

2).In the given statement, it is clearly given that parents of those children were uninformed about the drive against polio. Hence, neither parents nor doctors can be held responsible for this. Instead, the agency or company which had taken up the responsibility of the marketing of this drive should be held responsible.
Answer: d)

3).Many students were not able to appear for a number of entrance exams as dates of the entrance exams had clashed last year, so the association of management colleges conducted a combined admission exam for all the institutes this year.
Hence, statement B is cause and statement A is effect
Answer: b)

4).

Conclusion I :This conclusion cannot be drawn because there is no intersection between mango and colour.
Conclusion II : From the Venn diagram, we can see that there is a possibility that no liquid is on juice. Thus, statement II is not valid always.
Hence, neither conclusion I not II follows.
Answer: d)

5).

Conclusion I: From the Venn diagram we can see that I is not a definite conclusion as there could be a possibility that no winner is cricketer. Therefore, conclusion I is a possibility but not a definite conclusion.
Conclusion II: From the Venn diagram we can see that some players that are cricketers are definitely boys. Hence , only conclusion II follows.
Answer: b)

6).

Conclusion I :From the Venn diagram we can see that I is not a definite conclusion as there could be a possibility that no Element is pin. Thus, conclusion I is a possibility but not a definite conclusion.
Conclusion II : From the Venn diagram we can see that some iron(that is pin) has to be pencil. Thus, II is not a definite conclusion. Thus, conclusion II doesn’t follow. Hence, neither conclusion I nor II follow.
Answer: d)

7).

conclusion I : From the Venn diagram we can see that since no Wind-mill is AC, There is no set where there are both wind-mill and AC. But as all the fans are AC, there cannot be a set which has fan and wind-mill as this set will have to contain AC. Thus, conclusion I follows.
Conclusion II : From the Venn diagram we can see that, some cooler may or may not be wind-mill. Thus, statement II is not a definite conclusion. Hence, only conclusion I follows.
Answer: a)

8).

Conclusion I: From the Venn the diagram we can see that some Samsung are Nokia. Thus, conclusion I definitely follows. Conclusion II : From the Venn diagram we can see that no Apple is Sony. Thus, conclusion II definitely follows. Therefore, both conclusion I and II follow.
Answer: e)

Directions (Q. 9-10): Q is the son of R is not the mother.So, R is the father Q.P is married to R. So, P is the wife of R and the mother of Q. X is the daughter of P and hence of R and so she is the sister of Q. Y is the brother of R and Z is the brother of Q.
R is the husband of P and Z is the brother of P. So, Z is the brother-in-law of R.
9).
Answer: b)

10).
Answer: a)





 


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