13 Sep 2016

Practice English Questions with Detailed Explanation for IBPS PO/Clerk 2016

Practice English Questions with Detailed Explanation for IBPS PO/Clerk 2016
Practice English Questions with Detailed Explanation for IBPS PO/Clerk 2016 Set-16:
Dear Readers, many of our followers has requested detailed explanation for the practice English questions, in order to fulfil their needs, we have decided to provide detailed explanation for the practice English questions. We hope it will help you lot.

Directions(01 to 05): Read the following passage and answer the following questions below. Some words are highlighted for your attention
"Rivers should link, not divide us", said the Indian Prime Minister expressing concern over inter-state disputes and urged state governments to show "understanding and consideration, statesmanship and an appreciation of the other point of view".
Water conflicts in India can reach every level; divide every segment of our society, political parties, states, regions and sub-regions within states, districts, castes, and groups and individual farmers. Water conflicts within and between many developing countries are also taking a serious turn. Fortunately, the "water wars", forecast by so many, have not yet materialized. War has taken place, but over oil, not water. Water is radically altering and affecting political boundaries all over world, between as well as within countries. In India, water conflicts are likely to worsen before they begin to be resolved. Till then they pose a significant threat to economic growth, security and health of the ecosystem and; the victims are likely to be the poorest of the poor as well as the very sources of water-rivets, wetlands and aquifers.
Conflicts might sound bad or negative, but they are logical developments in the absence of proper democratic, legal and administrative mechanisms to handle issues at the root of water conflicts. Part of the problem stems from the specific nature of water namely that water is divisible and amenable to sharing, one unit of water used by one is a unit denied to others; it has multiple uses and users and involves resultant trade-offs. Excludability is an inherent problem and very often exclusion costs involved are very high: it involves the issue of graded scales and boundaries and way water is planned, used and managed causes externalities-both positive and negative, and many of them are unidirectional and asymmetric.
There is a relatively greater visibility as well as a greater body of experience in evolving policies, frameworks, legal set-ups and administrative mechanisms dealing with immobile natural resources, however contested the space may be Reformists as well as revolutionary movements are rooted in issues related to land. Several political and legal interventions addressing the issue of equity and societal justice have been attempted. Most countries have gone through land reforms of one type or another. Issues related to forests have also generated a body of comprehensive literature on forest resources and rights! Though conflicts over them have not necessarily been effectively or adequately resolved, they have received much more serious attention, have been studied in their own right and practical as well as theoretical means of dealing with them have been sought. In contrast, water conflicts have not received the same kind of attention.

1). The author’s main objective in writing the passage is to
a)    Showcase government commitment to solve the water distribution problem.
b)    Make a strong case for war as the logical resolution for water conflicts.
c)    Point out the seriousness of the threat posed by unresolved water conflicts.
d)    Describe how the very nature of water contributes to water struggles.
e)    Criticize governmental efforts for water conflict resolution.

2). Which of the following is TRUE in the context of the passage?
a)    Water wars are taking place between many developing countries.
b)    There have been several legal interventions in India to govern the use of water resources.
c)    The poor people are worst affected by water conflicts.
d)    Water diversion by Indian states has helped resolve water disputes.
e)    Both (a) and (c).

3). According to the author which of the following is/are consequence/s of water conflicts’?
(A)Trans-border conflicts between developing countries.
(B) Water bodies will remain unused and unaffected till the conflict is resolved.
(C) Water conflicts have altered the political boundaries within countries.
a)    Only (A)
b)    Only (B)
c)    Only (C)
d)    Both (A) & (C)
e)    None of these

4). Why does the author ask readers not to view conflicts too negatively?
(A) Most countries have survived them easily.
(B) They bring political parties together.
(C) They only affect the grass-roots level.
a)    Only (A)
b)    Only (B)
c)    Only (C)
d)    All (A), (B) and (C)
e)    Neither (A), (B) nor (C)

5). According to the author which of the following factors aggravates water disputes?
a)    Political interventions
b)    Excessive analysis of the issue
c)    Reformist movements by political parties
d)    Inadequate administrative and legislative frameworks
e)    None of these

Directions 6-8: Pick out the word which is closest in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
6). Radically
a)    Suddenly
b)    Equally
c)    Completely
d)    Moderately
e)    Concurrently

7). Materialized
a)    Transpire
b)    Material
c)    Combined
d)    Resolved
e)    Outcome

8). Excludability
a)    To put on
b)    To include something
c)    Expel someone
d)    An act which cannot be prevented
e)    None of these

Directions 9-10: Pick out the word which is opposite in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
9). Asymmetric
a)    Unsteady
b)    Equilibrium
c)    Discouraging
d)    Superior
e)    Contradictory

10). Amenable
a)    Reactive
b)    Tame
c)    Uncooperative
d)    Rare
e)    None of these

Answer with Detailed Explanation:
1. (c), here the author wants to point out the seriousness of the threat posed by unresolved water conflicts.
2. (e), both the first and third statement is true as per the context of the passage
3. (d),
4. (e)
5. (d), inadequate administrative and legal frameworks
6. (c) Radically means ‘if something changes radically it changes completely’. So, completely is a word which is closet in meaning to it.
7. (a), materialized means become actual fact or come about’. So, transpire which means to be revealed or come out is synonym of it.
8. (e), excludability means ‘capable of being excluded’. Here from all the option no one is in closest meaning of it so none of these

9. (b), asymmetric means ‘characterized by lack of balance in the arrangement of parts’. So, equilibrium is a word which is opposite in meaning to it.

For more Practice English Questions – Click Here