Daily Current Affairs Updates–14th October 2016:
Daily Current affairs News Updates about the National and International events were listed here. Candidates those who are preparing for IBPS/SBI/PO/Clerk exam and all other competitive exams can use this.
World Standards Day: 14 October
i. World Standards Day is observed annually on 14 October. The theme for World Standards Day 2016 is “Standards Build Trust". International standards represent the consensus view of the world's leading experts in industry sectors ranging from energy utilities and energy efficiency to transportation, climate change and healthcare.
PM to inaugurate digital expo on Sardar Patel on Oct 31
i. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate a digital exhibition on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on October 31 to mark the birth anniversary of the first Deputy Prime Minister of India.
ii.The decision was taken during a 45-minute meeting which was attended by several Union ministers, including M Venkaiah Naidu, Sushma Swaraj, Nitin Gadkari, Suresh Prabhu, Ram Vilas Paswan, Anant Geete, Ravi Shankar Prasad, Narendra Singh Tomar and Dharmendra Pradhan.
An official said, it has been decided that Union ministers will visit various parts of the country on the day to participate in programmes marking the birth anniversary of Sardar Patel.
iii.Official said, several events are lined up for the occasion including unity pledge, unity runs, public rallies and various competitions. As a tribute to the 'Iron Man of India', Modi government has decided to observe Patel Jayanti as 'Rashtriya Ekta Diwas' as an annual commemoration.
Maneka Gandhi to inaugurate Women of India Festival 2016
i.Minister of Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi will inaugurate the Women of India Festival 2016 at Dilli Haat in New Delhi . The ten day festival will offer the biggest selection of organic products prepared by women. Organised and sponsored by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development , the festival celebrates and promotes women entrepreneurs from across India.
ii. Organic products ranging from food, fabrics and furniture to wellness, personal care and solar products will be on sale. This year's festival will have 230 stalls and about 372 participants. The list includes producers from Delhi, NCR and 23 states and Union Territories. Over 500 women entrepreneurs had participated in last year's edition of the festival.
Govt determined to make all cities open defecation free by 2017: Fadnavis
i. Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has said that the state government is determined to make all cities open defecation free by 2017 but it's possible only when 'Swachh Maharashtra' becomes a people's movement.
ii. On this occasion, the Chief Minister felicitated chairmen of municipal councils and authorities of 100 open defecation free cities of Maharashtra. He also launched a brand 'Harit Maha City Compost' and released some books on cleanliness.
iii. During the programme, some MoUs were signed with NEERI (National Environmental Engineering Research Institute), Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) and Delivering Change Foundation for various initiatives on 'Swachh Maharashtra'.
i.In Assam, the 32nd foundation day of Asom Gana Parishad is being celebrated today in a grand manner. Party sources said that different programs are being held at Sarupeta in Barpeta .Asom Gana Parishad is the coalition partner of the ruling BJP in Assam.
i. The Puducherry government has drawn up a plan to constitute a dedicated 'Civil Defence Force' to address challenges, related to disasters, ahead of the arrival of North East monsoon.
ii. A communication from the Department of Revenue and Disaster Management said that volunteers would be trained on Disaster Management with the support of National Disaster Response Force and Battalion Arakkonam (Tamil Nadu).
iii. It further said that an action plan as to how the departments concerned should act, had also been formulated on the basis of experience during disasters in the past. The government is also preparing itself for any emergency like situation and special toll-free phone numbers had been set up to respond to any call for help.
i. Andhra Pradesh government, for works taken up under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) scheme, has released Rs. 99.62 crore to AP-Urban Finance and Infrastructure Development Corporation Limited (AP-UFIDC) for the year 2016-17.
ii. The scheme is being implemented in 33 cities and towns in the State, including Amaravati, Vijayawada, Guntur, and Visakhapatnam which are set for a major upgrade of infrastructure in the coming years.
iii. The funds will be disbursed to the eligible urban local bodies for improving civic infrastructure, viz., roads, water supply, sewerage, solid waste management, and storm water drains.
i. In Uttar Pradesh, the 'safe motherhood' week started in the state from today. During the campaign of National Health Mission being run till 21st October, the 'HRPs' or high risk pregnancies will be identified and women with anemic conditions will be provided special care of, said principal secretary health and family welfare Arun Kumar Sinha in Lucknow yesterday.
ii. The main aim of the 'Safe Motherhood Week' is to decrease the 'Mother Mortality Rate' 'MMR' and 'Infant Mortality Rate' or 'IMR'.
i. The Karnataka government has made it mandatory for all government hospitals to have hair salons on their premises. A directive by the state government said, "Create space in the hospital premises for barbers to set up shops and submit a compliance report." The move comes in an effort to ensure personal hygiene and increased confidence levels among patients.
i.The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs on Thursday approved construction of a road link between Sahibganj in Jharkhand to Manihari in Bihar, including a bridge on the Ganges, with an estimated project cost of Rs. 1,955 crore. According to an official statement, the cost of the project includes cost of land acquisition, resettlement and rehabilitation and other pre-construction activities.
ii. “It would also increase employment potential for local labourers for project activities. 4,076 mandays are required for construction of one kilometre. Employment potential of approximately 89,000 mandays will be generated locally during the construction period of this stretch,” the government said. The total length of the road to be developed is about 22 kms with a concession period of 19 years
i. Ahead of the Deepavali celebrations towards the end of the month, the State government has announced a toll-free number for travellers who wish to register complaints regarding being charged excess fare.
ii. The number 1800 425 6151 would be operated by staff at the office of Commissioner of Transport, Tamil Nadu. It has been made operational for receiving complaints against operators who are demanding excess fare, while running contract carriages in Tamil Nadu, an official release stated.
iii. “The complaint will be registered and forwarded to the Regional Transport Officer concerned for taking necessary action,” the release said. All members of the travelling public may avail of this facility for redressal of their complaints, the press release added
i. State-owned Indian Oil plans to lay India's longest gas pipeline from Gujarat coast to Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh, to meet the growing demands of cooking gas in the country.
The 1,987-kilometre pipeline via Kanpur, Varanasi and Lucknow will carry 3.75 million tons of LPG per annum.
i. The World Health Organisation (WHO) released the Global Tuberculosis Report 2016 highlighting that countries need to move much faster to prevent, detect and treat Tuberculosis (TB) in order to meet global targets.
ii. The report highlights the considerable inequalities among countries in enabling people with TB to access existing cost-effective diagnosis and treatment interventions that can accelerate decline in TB worldwide.
iii. While efforts to respond to TB saved more than 3 million lives in 2015, however TB burden is actually higher than previously estimated, reflecting survey data from India.
Six countries accounted for 60 percent of the total burden, with India bearing the brunt, followed by Indonesia, China, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Africa.
iv. Three countries carry the major burden of MDR-TB – India, China, and the Russian Federation – which together account for nearly half of all cases globally.
i. Maldives government decision to quit the Commonwealth has invited concern from several quarters within and outside the country. Commonwealth Secretary General Patricia Scotland expressed disappointment over the decision and hoped the move will be a temporary one.
ii. British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said UK is disappointed that the Maldives Government has decided to withdraw from the Commonwealth. He said the Commonwealth is dedicated to developing free and democratic societies, and regretted that Maldives has chosen to leave.
i. The Neptune Memorial Reef near Miami, Florida, is an artificial underwater "eternal resting place" where people are cremated. The cremated remains are mixed with cement to form parts of the reef, which includes structures like lion statues, benches, and podiums. The reef is open to the public so families can visit their loved ones at the bottom of the sea.
i. Securities and Exchange Board of India, SEBI has banned 21 entities in a case related to tax evasion and illegal gains through misuse of stock exchange mechanism.
ii. A detailed investigation is on against others. The market regulator in an interim order in June this year had barred Dhyana Finstock and 75 other entities including these 21 entities, from the market for using the securities system to artificially bump up volume and price of the scrip to provide illegitimate gains to preferential allottees.
iii. Their purpose is to claim long-term capital gains benefits. As per the interim order, the probe began following the complaints received from several investors in the matter.The latest order of SEBI comes after the 21 entities did not submit their reply and failed to avail of personal hearing after the interim order was passed.
i. India’s banking system has reported total deposits worth 100 lakh crore for the first time ever in September, according to data released by the RBI. Further, September saw the highest-ever monthly rise in deposits of 5.32 lakh crore. However, deposit growth has slowed to 12.88% in the last five years, against 19.9% in the period before that.
i. Taxi aggregator Uber has reportedly invested around 200 crore in Mumbai-based car leasing firm Xchange Leasing India, between June and September this year. This comes after it earlier invested around 43 crore in the firm. This can help Uber retain drivers exclusively on their platform, as they are offered an option to own a leased car after an initial period.
i. India has the fourth largest population of high net worth individuals (HNWI) in the Asia-Pacific region, with the number of such individuals reaching 2 lakh in 2015, according to Asia-Pacific Wealth Report 2016 by Capgemini. The figure for membership in the high net worth club is $1 million in financial assets. Notably, Japan has the largest HNWI population in Asia-Pacific.
i. The Central Govt has brought final draft of the National Water Framework Bill, 2016 to provide uniform national legal framework to manage water in a better and efficient way.
ii. The comprehensive draft Bill proposes model law for all states.
iii. However, water being a State subject under VII Schedule of constitution the law will be not binding on States for adoption
AGREEMENTS & MoUs
i. Union Cabinet on 13 October 2016 approved MoU between Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) on General Cooperation with the BRICS promoted New Development Bank (NDB), along with other Development Financial Institutions of BRICS nations. This will be achieved through the BRICS Interbank Cooperation Mechanism.
ii. This approval will help in enhancing trade and economic relations among the BRICS countries and benefit the participating institutions from the BRICS nation. There is no financial implication involved in signing of the MoU.
Key Highlights: The MoU is a non-binding umbrella agreement.
iii. It aims at establishing a cooperation framework in accordance with the national laws and regulations, besides skills transfer and knowledge sharing amongst the signatories.
Establishment of the NDB reflects the close relations among the BRICS countries and provides a powerful instrument for increasing their economic cooperation and help India play an enhanced international role.
i. India and Russia on 13 October 2016 signed a bilateral agreement for cooperation in the development of a network of integrated infrastructure irradiation centres.
ii. The agreement was signed between the Indian Agricultural Association, Hindustan Agro Co-Op Ltd (HACL) and United Innovation Corporation (UIC), a subsidiary of ROSATOM State Atomic Energy Corporation of Russia.
iii. It was signed by Bharat Dhokane Pandurang, Chairman of HACL and Denis Cherednichenko, CEO of UIC.
i. PetroFed, an apex society of entities in the Hydrocarbon sector, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with TERI to undertake study on “Climate Change Risks: Preparedness for Oil and Gas Sector”.
ii. It will provide a missing link between the policy and the practice in the Hydrocarbon sector. Cop 21 will come into effect soon and it is important for the country to know the effects of greenhouse gases and ways to control them.
i. Public sector bank Bank of Baroda, has signed a principal sponsorship contract with badminton Olympians P V Sindhu and K Srikanth. The three year deal with the two players was agreed in principle before they represented and made India proud on the International stage at the Rio 2016 Olympics.
ii. In 2005, the bank had appointed right hand batsman Rahul Dravid as its brand ambassador, though that contract has long since expired.
iii. Bank of Baroda, executive director, Mayank Mehta said, "Both PV Sindhu and K Srikanth today are household names because of their glorious achievements. The bank is very excited to have both of them on board & looks forward to a strong bonding and fruitful association in the years to come."
i. The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) appointed committee has submitted its recommendations.
It was headed by power system expert Mata Prasad.
ii. The committee has suggested an overhaul in transmission planning to facilitate transfer of power on economic principles.
i. Actress Priyanka Chopra adds another feature to her cap, The Quantico star has joined media mogul Oprah Winfrey and pop star Jennifer Lopez in Variety magazine's 'Power of Women Impact' List. Priyanka Chopra is an Indian actress, singer, philanthropist, and the winner of the Miss World 2000 pageant.
i. Indian Hockey team captain P R Sreejesh has been selected for the 28th Jimmy George Foundation Award-2016 for best sports person of Kerala.
Sreejesh has awarded for his contributions to Hockey field. The award carries a purse of Rs 25,000 and a citation.
i. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will dedicate the newly built war memorial- Shaurya Smark to public in Bhopal this evening. The Smarak has been built by the Madhya Pradesh government on an about 13 acres campus.
ii. Various stages of life, war, death and victory over death have been displayed here. Besides this, tradition of Indian Soldiers’ valour and history has been exhibited in the Shaurya gallery. Our Bhopal correspondent reports that Mr. Modi will also address a meeting of former-servicemen titled Shaurya Samman Sabha.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
i. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) developed a high-tech electroactive bandage. The bandage creates an electric charge to help promote the healing process of wounds.
ii. Electroactive material is so sensitive that a push or even a blow on it can create an electric charge. The fibres of the guaze are made of electroactive material Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF).
i. Internet penetration in the world has almost touched the 50% mark and Asia has the highest number of internet users, accounting for half of the world's total internet users, according to Internet World Stats data. Increase in smartphone usage, lower access costs, and growing population were attributed to the rise in internet users. India ranked 18 with 36.5% internet penetration.
BOOKS & AUTHORS
i. The Ministry of Utmost Happiness: Arundhati Roy Author Arundhati Roy in the first week of October 2016 announced her latest novel titled The Ministry of Utmost Happiness.
ii. The novel will be published by Hamish Hamilton UK and Penguin India. The novel will hit the stands in June 2017. It is after 19 years that Roy has announced the release of her next novel after her Booker prize-winning novel The God of Small Things was published.
i. Australian Former Formula One driver Mark Webber will retire from professional racing at the end of the world endurance season in Bahrain in November. The Australian won the World Endurance title with Porsche in 2015 with Germany’s Timo Bernhard and New Zealander Brendon Hartley.
i. The Indian squad won two more medals on the second day of the World Powerlifting Championship, taking the total medals tally to six. Vaibhav Rana took the silver medal in the 125kg Raw category while Kanwardeep bagged bronze in the 110kg Raw event. India now has two gold medals, three silver, and a bronze to its name.
i. Sachin Tendulkar has run at least 353 km between wickets for his international runs, excluding boundaries. Sachin ran 7,275 Test runs, 9,192 ODI runs and 1,087 T20 runs between wickets, which corresponds to running 147 km, 185 km and 21 km respectively. The total figure of 353 km excludes the runs he ran for his batting partners' runs.
i. Pakistani opener Azhar Ali became the first player to hit a century in day-night Tests, scoring a hundred in the first Test against West Indies in UAE on Thursday. The Pakistan-West Indies match is the second day-night Test in history, after the Australia-New Zealand game at Adelaide in November 2015. Three players had scored half-centuries in the first day-night Test.
i. Olympic gold medalist Abhinav Bindra will reportedly launch a high-performance training centre in Chandigarh, which will provide free training facilities to athletes. The centre is said to open in collaboration with Technobody, an Italian company, on October 20. The facilities at the centre will be similar to those used by Bindra during his Rio Olympics' preparation.
i. Thailand's King Bhumibol Adulyadej - the world's longest-serving monarch - has died aged 88. King Bhumibol, the ninth king of the 234-year-old Chakri dynasty. After the demise of the Thai King, 63-year old Crown Prince Maha Vajiralongkorn is expected to become the new king.
i. Pakistan's women's football team striker Shahlyla Ahmadzai Baluch has died in a car accident in Karachi. Baluch, 21, was one of the finest strikers for Pakistan women's football team.
ii. She represented the country at the South Asian Football Federation Women Football Championship 2014 in Islamabad, which was the last international event that Pakistan women's team competed in.
iii. She also had the honour of being the first Pakistani woman footballer to get a hat-trick abroad when she played for a club in Maldives last year.
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