Dear Readers, Important Practice Reasoning Questions with explanation for Upcoming IBPS RRB/Clerk Exams was given here with explanation, candidates those who are preparing for those exams can use this practice questions.
Directions (Q.1-5): In each of the questions given below three statements are followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answer
a) If only conclusion I follows
b) If only conclusion II follows
c) If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows
d) If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows
e) If both conclusions I and II follow.
1). Statements: All right are wrong
Some rights are false
All false are true
Conclusion: I. Some false are wrong
II. All true being wrong is a possibility.
2). Statement: No toy is a tree.
Some toys are tough.
All trees are trains.
Conclusions: I. All trees being tough is a possibility.
Ii. All trains being toys is a possibility.
3). Statements: No book is a ball.
Some books are boys.
All boys are baskets.
Conclusion: I. All baskets being books is a possibility
II. All balls being boys is a possibility.
4). Statements: Some foods are forests.
Some floods are flutes.
All forests are frozen.
Conclusions: I. Some foods are not frozen is a possibility.
II. Some frozen are forests.
5). Statements: All ports are airports.
Some airports are harbours.
Some harbours are docks.
Conclusions : I. All docks being airports is a possibility.
II. All ports are harbours.
Directions (Q. 6-8): Study the following information and answer the given questions.
M is the mother of B. A is the husband of M. N is the only brother of B. C is married to N. Q is the only child of C. N does not have any sister. J is the father of A.
6). If A does not have any grandson, then how is Q related to B?
a) Cannot be determined
b) Sister in law
c) Daughter in law
7). How is A related to C?
b) Cannot be determined
c) Father in law
e) Brother in law
8). How is B related to J?
c) Brother in law
Directions (9-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
There are seven family members A, B, C, D, E, F and G in which there are two married couples. A is sister of B, who is maternal grandson of E. the father of D has two maternal grandchildren. C is sister in law of G, who is father of A. F is a female.
9). What is the relation between D and F?
a) F is mother of D
b) D is brother of F
c) D is son of F
d) D is daughter in law of F
e) Cannot be determined
10). Who among the following is husband of F?
e) None of these
Answers with Solution:
1). Some rights are false (I) à conversion à Some false are right (I) + All rights are wrong (A) = I + A = I = Some false are wrong (I). hence, conclusion I follows. Since there is no negative statement, conclusion II also follows.
2). No toy is a treeà Conversion à no tree is a toy(E) + Some toys are tough (I) = E + I = O*= Some tough are not trees (O*). Thus, there is a possibility that all trees are tough. Hence, conclusion I follows. Again, No toy is a tree (E) + All trees are trains (A) = E + A = O* = Some trains are not toys. So, there is no possibility that All trains are toys. Hence, conclusion Ii does not follow.
3). Some books are boys (I) + All boys are baskets (A) = I + A = I = Some books are baskets. Hence, All baskets a being books is a possibility. Thus, conclusion I follows. Some books are boys à conversion à Some boys are books(I) + No book is a ball (E) = I + E = O = Some boys are not balls. Thus, All boys being balls is not a possibility. Hence, conclusion II does not follow.
4). Some foods are forests (I) + All forests are frozen (A) = I + A = I = Some foods are frozen. So, there is a possibility that some foods are not frozen. Thus, conclusion I follows. Again, All forests are frozen (A) à conversion à Some frozen are forests (I). Thus, conclusion II also follows.
5). Since there is no negative statement. All docks being airports is a possibility. Hence, conclusion I follows. Again, All ports are airports (A) + Some airports are harbours (I) = No conclusion. Hence, conclusion, II does not follow.