Daily Current Affairs Updates–30th November 2016:
Daily Current affairs News Updates about the National and International events were listed here. Candidates those who are preparing for IBPS/SBI/PO/Clerk exam and all other competitive exams can use this.
DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS UPDATES – 30 NOVEMBER 2016
Indian Organ Donation Day 30 November
i. Today is Indian Organ Donation Day. Union Health Minister J P Nadda will be the Chief Guest on the 7th Indian Organ Donation Day function in New Delhi today. Ministers of State Faggan Singh Kulaste, Anupriya Patel and Bollywood actor RandeepHooda will be present on the occasion.
International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People
i. International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People - Nov 29
ii. The International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People is a UN-organized observance. iii. Events are held at the United Nations headquarters in New York, as well as at the United Nations offices at Geneva and Vienna. It is generally held on November 29 each year to mark the anniversary of resolution 181.
Defence Minister ManoharParrikar arrives in Dhaka on two day visit
i. Defence Minister ManoharParrikar, accompanied with a 11-member delegation including Vice-Chiefs of the Army, Air Force and the Deputy Chief of the Navy, arrived in Dhaka today on a two-day visit, becoming the first Indian Defence Minister to visit the Bangladesh.
ii. Parrikar was received at the Bangladesh Air Force Base Bangabandhu in Kurmitola in the capital by the Principal Staff Officer of Bangladesh Armed Forces Division Lt General Mohammed MahfuzurRahman along with officials of other concerned Ministries.
iii. The Defence Minister is scheduled to have talks with Bangladesh's leadership to upgrade the bilateral defence co-operation and strengthen security relations. The Defence Minister is scheduled to meet President Abdul Hamid in the afternoon. This will be followed by talks with the Prime Minister's Security Adviser Tarique Ahmed Siddique in the evening.
Over 340 railway stations provided with CCTV cameras
i. Railway Ministry has said, over 340 major railway stations have been provided with CCTV cameras for the security of passengers.Minister of State for Railways RajenGohain said this in a written reply to a question in LokSabha today. He said, instructions were issued by Railway Board to all Zonal Railways for extending the use of CCTVs to monitor cleanliness in such stations. The Minister also said that in order to further emphasise the use of CCTVs for monitoring cleanliness, detailed implementation guidelines have been issued to all Zonal Railways in May this year.
Asia’s first cycle highway inaugurated in UP
i. Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister AkhileshYadav has inaugurated India’s first and Asia’s longest bicycle highway between Agra and Etawah in UP. A rally of 90 cyclists from five countries and across India followed the inauguration ceremony at the Lion Safari in Etawah.
ii. The track begins from the lion safari in Etawah. On its way to Agra are tourist destinations like NaugavakaQuila, Raja Bhojki Haveli, and Bateshwarnath Temple. It ends at the eastern gate of the TajMahal in Agra.
i. 10 day long festival named Losar festival has begun in Ladakh region of J&K to mark the beginning of New Year in this Himalayan region. Losar is Tibetan word for ‘new year’ and this festival is an important social and religious celebration in Ladakh.
ii. Losar celebrations in the Ladakh district can be regarded as the most elaborate and convoluted of the different social and religious events and festivals of Ladakh.InIndia, Losar is also celebrated by Yolmo, Sherpa, Tamang, Gurung, and Bhutia communities residing in different regions in the country.
i. The Government of India has approved 6 proposals from four developers to set up a new special economic zones (SEZs) IT and biotechnology across Telangana, Haryana and Karnataka.
The decision was taken by the Board of Approval (BoA), headed by Commerce Secretary Rita Teaotia during the board meeting on November 9, 2016. The four developers are Vaxenic India, EON Kharadi Infrastructure, GAR Corporation and KRC Infrastructure.
i. Manipur Chief Minister O. Ibobi Singh flagged off World War II Vintage Jeep Rally from Koirengei Old Air Field as a part of the Manipur Sangai Festival on November 27, 2016.Objective: To spread a message of peace and reconciliation and evils of war. Nine vintage jeeps, 30 to 35 motorcycles and cycles were took part in this rally.The participants from Japan and UK were participated in this event.
ii. The rally was organised by the Second World War Imphal Campaign Foundation and Manipur Tourism Forum and the Department of Tourism. Manipur hosts WWII Vintage Jeep Rallyv. The rally will culminate at the India Peace Memorial, MaibamLotpaChing.
i. Villagers of Khanapur in Telangana’sNizamabad district have renamed their village as ‘Kavithapuram’ after the daughter of CM K Chandrasekhar Rao. The residents of Khanapur gram panchayat passed the resolution as a “token of reverence” towards TRS MP KalvakuntlaKavitha, who helped the villagers when they were displaced by the Sri Ram Sagar reservoir on Godavari River
i. Foreign non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in China must provide details of where their funding comes from and show that their chief representative has no criminal record, the government said of new rules which will come into effect next year. The Ministry of Public Security said earlier this month that there would be no grace period for the rules' implementation.
ii. Guidelines seeking to clarify the new rules, released by the ministry on Monday, say that NGOs must be legitimately established outside mainland China and have operated for atleast two years before applying to set up an office. NGOs will have to specify where they want to work geographically in China, however that must be in line with its scope of business and its needs, it said.
i. South Africa begins an important clinical trial of an experimental vaccine against AIDS. More than 30 years of efforts to develop an effective vaccine for HIV have not borne desired result, however for the first time since the virus was identified in 1983, scientists think that they have found a promising candidate. It is one of the biggest clinical trials involving the disease ever undertaken and has revived hopes in the scientific community of a solution in the challenge against AIDS.
WHO settles India, EU medicine dispute issue
i. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has dropped the term ‘counterfeit’ and retained ‘falsified’ to describe medicines of inferior quality. This decision was taken by a WHO’s technical working group on draft working definitions of substandard/spurious /falsely-labelled/falsified/counterfeit (SSFFC) medical products. It settles longstanding India, EU medicine dispute and battle about labelling of drugs. It is considered as a significant victory for the global access to medicines campaign.
i. Zimbabwe launches ‘bond notes’ currency in bid to ease cash crunch.Currency hold its value against the U.S. dollarThe bright green bond notes, introduced by the southern African nation’s central bank to try to ease a shortage of dollars, were accepted by most businesses and black market traders
i. The Reserve Bank has placed a limit of 10,000 rupees on monthly withdrawals from PradhanMantri Jan Dhan bank accounts and who want to withdraw more than 10,000 a month, will have to furnish appropriate documents to prove why they need the money.
ii. RBI, in a notification, said the move is with the objective of protecting innocent farmers and rural account holders of PradhanMantri Jan DhanYojana (PMJDY) from money launderers and legal consequences under the Benami Property Transaction and Money Laundering laws.
iii. The notification said, fully Know Your Customer (KYC) compliant account holders may be allowed to withdraw 10,000 rupees from their account in a month. The apex bank also said, limited or Non KYC compliant account holders may be allowed to withdraw 5,000 rupees per month.
i. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 28 November 2016 relaxed the cash withdrawal limit from the bank accounts with an aim to spur the deposits.The depositors, who have made the deposits in the current legal tender notes, can now withdraw that amount over and above the weekly limit of Rs 24000.
ii. This move comes as a relief for certain depositors who were hesitating to deposit their monies into bank accounts due to the current limits on cash withdrawals from accounts. The withdrawals will be available in higher denominations bank notes of Rs 2000 and Rs 500. The move will also encourage small businesses and shopkeepers to deposit cash in legal tender which they can withdraw at the same point of time.
i. American Morgan Stanley has lowered its growth forecast for FY’17 to 7.3% from 7.7% earlier on account of currency replacement programme. As global growth accelerates to 3.4% in 2017 from 3% in 2016, Morgan Stanley expect India’s exports to support overall recovery in 2017 after being a drag in 2016. 2018 will be first year of recovery in private capacity expansion after six years of a weak trend.
i. As many as 78 schemes including JhanDhan and MGNREGA being implemented by 17 ministries and departments are covered under Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) system. The government has decided to introduce DBT system for fertilizer subsidy payments.
It is slightly different from the normal DBT being implemented in LPG subsidy. Under the proposed system, 100% subsidy on various fertilizer grades shall be released to the manufacturers and importers on the basis of actual sales made by the retailer to the beneficiaries.
i. Singapore has the highest-achieving primary & secondary pupils in international education tests in Maths& Science. Primary school pupils in Northern Ireland were ranked sixth at Maths,the highest of any in Europe. The top places in these rankings are dominated by East Asian countries.These international rankings,Trends in International Mathematics & Science Study,are published every 4yrs.
i. Union government lead by PM NarendraModi has approved six proposals from four developers to set up new special economic zones (SEZs) IT and biotechnology across Telangana, Haryana and Karnataka . The decision was taken by the Board of Approval (BoA), headed by Commerce Secretary Rita Teaotia during the board meeting on November 9, 2016
ii. The four developers are Vaxenic India, EON Kharadi Infrastructure, GAR Corporation and KRC Infrastructure. The board has also given additional time to six developers and units to implement their projects.
i. In an exclusive association, e-commerce giant Amazon is going to sell popular Indian dairy brand Amul’sproducts online in the United States.The alliance is a part of Amazon’s Global Selling Programme, which was launched in India in May 2015. It will bring the brand’s products within reach of American consumers.
ii. Initially, Amazon will only be putting up Amul Ghee and GulabJamun for sale but more would be following suit. Amul Ghee according to the website is one of the top stock units in its ‘butter and margarine’ category.
iii. This would mark the dairy brand’s first official entry into the online space in the US. Though it is already selling its products there through traditional retail channels for the past 20 years, this move would expand its reach to a larger audience.
i. National Institute of Technology (NIT) Agartala has signed 3 MoUs with ONGC, North Eastern Electric Power Corporation Ltd (NEEPCO) and entrepreneurship developer iBuild with a view to generate more employment opportunities.
NIT has signed MoU with ONGC Tripura with a view to promote knowledge of excellence in the area of engineering through research, training, workshop and work association.
i. The Gujarat government signed an MoU with China’s Sany Group for the largest ever investment by a single state at $2 billion, staggered over the next five years, for infrastructure projects which also use those for green energy and for expediting mass housing projects.
ii. Ahead of the Vibrant Gujarat Global Summit 2017, Chief Minister Vijay Rupani met the Chinese delegation led by Liang Wengen, Chairman of Sany Group on Monday for nearly an hour. The meeting comprised over 10 senior government officials, including chief principal secretary K Kailashnathan, ACS PK Taneja, principal secretary S Aparna, principal secretary and industries commissioner MamtaVerma.
As per the MoU, Sany Group will invest in five different projects, including development of 1000 MW of wind power, 1000 MW of solar and wind power projects, setting up of facility for manufacturing of wind turbines beginning next year, developing at least one ‘small size’ smart city in line with the Centre’s smart city mission and setting up factory for housing through precast concrete for mass housing projects other than real estate projects.
i. Lt Gen A K Bhatt has been appointed as the country’s new Director General of Military Operations (DGMO) and will be in charge of all army operations including on the LoC which has seen heightened tension.
ii. Bhatt, a Gorkha officer, replaces Lt Gen Ranbir Singh, who has been appointed as the General Officer Commanding (GOC) of the Mathura-based Strike 1 Corps — one of the three assault forces of the army — which is mandated to cross into Pakistan in a short notice.
i. A former law firm receptionist Susan Kiefel is appointed as Australia’s first woman Chief Justice of Australia on November 29, 2016 by Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull. She will replace Justice Robert French Kiefel will become the 13th Chief Justice of Australia and the senior judge on the seven-judge bench She became the first woman judge of the Supreme Court of Queensland state in 1993. She is currently one of three women on the High Court bench and the longest serving judge after French.
i. The Union Government has decided to constitute a sub-committee of Chief Ministers of five states in the wake of demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1,000 denomination notes. The committee will be headed by Andhra Pradesh CM N Chandrababu Naidu. It will suggest measures to normalise the situation. Union Finance Minister ArunJaitley has called up Bihar CM Nitish Kumar, Karnataka CM Siddharamaiah, Assam CM SarbanandaSonowal and Maharashtra CM DevendraFadnavis to be part of the committee.
i. Senior IAS officer M. M. Kutty has been appointed the Delhi Chief Secretary. He replaced K. K. Sharma, who was transferred to the Union HRD Ministry as officer on special duty. The Centre has sent back Kutty to his parent Union Territories cadre before completion of the tenure of his Central deputation.
i. President Pranab Mukherjee will present the second Indian Council for Cultural Relations ‘Distinguished Indologist’ Award to Prof. Yu Long Yu of China at RashtrapatiBhavan tomorrow.
ii. An official release said, the award has been instituted by ICCR to recognize eminent Indologists working abroad who have made outstanding contribution to the study and research of India’s philosophy, thought, history, art and culture.
iii. The award amount is twenty thousand dollar. The first ‘Distinguished Indologist’ Award was presented to Prof. Heinrich Freiherr Von Stietencron of Germany last year.
i. A 1946 picture of Mahatma Gandhi with his Charkha (spinning wheel) in the foreground is among the 100 most influential images of all time, according to a compilation by Time magazine of “images that changed the world.
ii. ”The Time collection includes 100 of the most iconic and history-altering images, dating from the 1820s to 2015 that have remained engrained in the human psyche from the time they were taken. Among the pictures is the tragic photo of the lifeless body of three-year old Syrian Alan Kurdi lying face down on the shore near the coastal town of Bodrum.
i. Iranian film “Daughter” has won the coveted Golden Peacock award at the 47th International Film Festival of India (IFFI). It has been directed by Reza Mirkarimi. It is a family drama set in southern Iran. It brings out intergenerational conflict between a strict father and a young daughter. Union Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore conferred these awards during the concluding ceremony of IFFI held in Goa.
i. Bangladesh will honour the families of 1668 martyrs of the Indian Army who fought in the 1971 India-Pakistan war, which resulted in the liberation of East Pakistan (Bangladesh), on the event’s 45th anniversary.Accordingto the Liberation War Affairs Minister A K M MozammelHuq, families of all the martyred soldiers will receive Rs 5 lakh as a mark of respect.
ii. The amount would be handed over by the Prime Minister of Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina during her visit to Delhi between 18- 20 December 2016. The amount in question would be given in Indian currency. iii.According to Huq, Demonetization would not pose a problem to them. First Bangladeshi Taka would be converted into dollars and handed over to the Bangladesh High Commission in Delhi, who in turn will convert it into Indian currency and hand it over to the Prime Minister upon her arrival.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS
Conflicts of Interest: My Journey through India's Green Movement authored by SunitaNarain
i. The book titled Conflicts of Interest: My Journey through India's Green Movement was in news in the last week of November 2016 as it was acquired by Penguin India. The book is Narain’s personal account. The book includes an “environmental manifesto” in which she lays out an outline for the direction India must take, if it is to deal with the exigencies of climate change and environmental degradation. In the book, Narain goes on to discuss how corporate lobbies and political interests often scuttle effective resolution of environmental issues.
SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
i. Mumbai based ICICI Bank announced to transform 100 villages into ‘ICICI Digital Villages’ in 100 days to enable villagers go in cash less banking and payments transactions. People from 100 villages will be able to open bank accounts using Aadhar-based e-KYC and make cashless payments to retail stores through a unique SMS/USSD-based mobile solution.
ii. According to the plan, ICICI bank will provide vocational training to 10,000 villagers in first 100 days and offer them credit linkages so that the villagers can start their own business ventures. The bank is taken step to resolve the ongoing currency issue after the demonetisation of Rs 500 and Rs 1000 currency notes along with the introduction of new notes.
i. India outplayed arch-rivals Pakistan by five wickets in the Women's Asia Cup T20 tournament in Bangkok today. After restricting Pakistan to 97 for seven in 20 overs, India overcame the modest target with four balls to spare, by making 98 for 5 in 19.2 overs. India top the table with six points, with three wins in as many games followed by Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The other teams in the competition are Bangladesh, Thailand and Nepal.
i. American Actor Fritz William Weaver who is is well known for his films like “Fail-Safe” and “The Day of the Dolphin“has passed away in New York, USA. He was 90 Weaver received his Tony in 1970 for his performance as strict Catholic boarding school teacher Jerome Malley in Robert Marasco’s long-running thriller “Child’s Play”. He appeared in the 2013 HBO telefilm “Muhammad Ali’s Greatest Fight” and in the features “The Cobbler” (2015) and “The Congressman” (2016).