9 Jun 2017

Crack English Session (Day-4): Important Tips to Attend Error Spotting with Exercise Questions (Explanation Updated)

Crack English Session (Day-4): Important Tips to Attend Error Spotting with Exercise Questions
Crack English Session (Day-4): Important Tips to Attend Error Spotting with Exercise Questions:
Dear Aspirants, In Today’s Session we are going to discuss about the Important Tips to Attend Error Spotting with Exercise Questions based on usage of NOUN. Candidates those who are preparing for upcoming SBI Clerk / IBPS Exams 2017 and all other competitive exams can use this.






NOUN:
Noun is a naming word. It refers person, place, things or animals.
Eg: Vaibhav, Chennai, pen, cow…..with this noun is classified into 5 types in major.

PROPER NOUN  is the name of a particular person or place.
Eg: George, Banaras …

COMMON NOUN is the name of group of persons or things.
Eg: Boy, town,….

COLLECTIVE NOUN is the name of a group or collection of similar persons, animals, or things.
Eg: Group of boys, fleet of soldiers,…

ABSTRACT NOUN is the name of a quality that persons or things have, action they take or state they find themselves in.  You cannot touch it but can feel it.
Eg: Honesty, happiness, music, freedom.

MATERIAL NOUN:  These are raw materials or objects, existing in nature.
Eg: iron, stones, furniture….

MASCULINE:  a noun that denotes male sex.
Eg: boy ,bull, dog

FEMININE:  a noun that denotes female sex .
Eg: girl,cow, bitch

COMMON:  a noun that denotes either a male or a female.
Eg: servant, child, student

NEUTER: It denotes lifeless things.
Eg: pen, pencil, books,…

Ways of forming feminine nouns
By using different words:
Masculine
Feminine
Bachelor
Maid/spinster
Dog
 Bitch
Bull
Cow
Drone
 Bee

By adding a syllable ‘-ess’…
Lion
Lioness
Heir
Heiress
Peer
Peeress
Poet
Poetess
Host
Hostess

By adding ‘-ess’ after dropping the vowel ending..
Executor
Executrix
Master
Mistress
Tempter
Temptress
Abbot
Abbess
Signor
Signora

By adding a word suffix or prefix
He-goat
She-goat
Bull-calf
Cow- calf
Peacock
Peahen
Milkman
Milkmaid
Grandfather
grandmother

SINGULAR: It denotes only one thing or person.
Eg: boy, pen

PLURAL: It denotes more than one.
Eg:boys, girls…

Adding ‘s’ to plural form:
Pen
Pens
Girl
Girls
Pencil
Pencils
Dwarf
Dwarfs
Chief
Chiefs

Adding ‘es’ to plural form for the words ending with’s,ss,sh,ch,x’
Bus
Buses
Glass
Glasses
Bush
Bushes
Bench
Benches
Box
Boxes

Adding ‘es’ by removing ‘y’
Baby
Babies
story
Stories
City
Cities
Army
Armies
Lady
Ladies
Pony
ponies

Adding ‘ies’ by removing ‘f, fe’
Wife
Wives
Shelf
Shelves
Loaf
Loaves
Thief
Thieves
Wolf
wolves

Complete change of words
Child
Children
Man
 Men
Woman
Women
Analysis
Analyses
Memorandum
memoranda

Plurals for phrases:

Mother in law
Mothers in law
Father in law
Fathers in law
Inspector general
Inspectors general
Attorney general
Attorneys general
Brother in law
brothers in law

RULES FOR NOUNS:
·        Some nouns are used only in the plural form.
Eg: Scissors, spectacles,…
·        Some nouns are used only in the singular
Eg: civics, mathematics, news…
·        Some nouns have the singular and plural alike
Eg: sheep, deer, swine, cod
·        Abstract nouns and Material nouns are not used in the plural.
Eg: charity, kindness, copper,…
Note: when they are used in plural, the meaning changes and they become common nouns.
·        Proper nouns are always written with capital letters at the beginning.
Eg: Delhi                                      
·        Collective noun usually takes a singular verb and is substituted by singular by a singular pronoun.
Eg: The jury has given its decision.
·        Collective noun takes plural a plural verb when the noun gives the meaning of representing the  members  individually.
Eg: The jury were divided in  their decision.
·        A material noun and abstract noun do not take articles.
Eg: Cotton is a cash crop.
·        Collective nouns, even when they denote living beings, are considered of the neuter gender.
Eg: Debi had a herd of cows. He kept a herdsman to look after it.
·        Young children, infants and the lower animals are referred as neuter gender.
Eg: The baby loves its toys.
·        Objects without life are considered as of
1.    Masculine gender- if the object gives the sense of strength, and violence.
Eg: sun,summer,winter,time,death…
2.    Feminine gender – - if the object gives the sense of  beauty, gentleness, and  gracefulness.
Earth, moon, spring, nature….
·        Pair, dozen , score, gross, hundred, thousand,etc,..(units of counting) when used after numbers remain their singular form.
            Eg: My friend has two dozen apples.
·        Abstract noun and material noun are not used in plural form.
 Eg: Care of the old is necessary.
·        Use correct form for abstract noun.
Eg: young-youth, honest-honesty.
·        Check spelling error if any.
·        Collective noun follows must take singular verb. (Phrase with noun must be in plural)
Eg: A bunch of bananas has become expensive.
·        Proper doesn’t take articles before it but when it is taken in comparison , it does.

Dear Aspirants, Below we have given some exercise questions which may consist of errors (based on NOUN), check whether the statement has error or not if any given your answers in the below comment section.

EXERCISE QUESTIONS:
1.    The parliament is divided on the bill.
2.    His brother committed thiefhood in his house.
3.    He wears glass to aid his short sighted eye.
4.    The same board is used chess as well as draught.
5.    Take care of the vixen because they are wily creatures.
6.    The Indians are a religious-minded people.
7.    Time passes in its chariot majestically.
8.    The practices of the lawyers vary from those of the doctors.
9.    The bright lamps gave much lights.
10. Devi is Anand of our chess class.
11. You will be promoted in the time of a year.
12. The cup’s base was rounded.
13. The Earth treats us as his children, not strangers.
14. The fleet of ships move at a uniform speed.
15. Queen Elizabeth is the monarchess of England.
16. Aurangzeb’s religious bigotism caused severe harm to the Mughal empire.
17. The tin is a precious metal.
18. The mildwoman said that she would not supply milk on holidays.
19. The team camped at Namkum. They followed a rigorous routine.
20. Who will win if there is a contest between the dwafrves and  the giants.


Explanation
1.    The parliament is divided,  it is not being divided thought of a whole, but in terms of its constituents. Hence, use plural verb. ’The parliament are divided on the bill.
2.    The abstract noun from common noun thief is theft, not thiefhood. ‘His brother committed theft in his house’.
3.    This sentence intends is spectacles made of glass. So we use plural ‘glasses’ . ‘He wears glasses to aid his short sighted eye’.
4.    The game is not draught but draughts.‘ The same board is used chess as well as draughts’.
5.    Vixen is the feminine gender of fox, not its plural. ‘Take care of the foxes because they are wily creatures’/ ‘Take care of the vixen because she is a wily creatures.
6.    The sentence is correct. People usually,  is used as a plural. But when it means a nation, as it does here, it is used as a singular. ‘The Indians are a religious-minded people’.
7.    In this sentence time is personified and takes masculine gender. ‘Time passes in his chariot majestically’.
8.    In this sentence , it is talking of persons from different professions-lawyers and doctors. Thus practice means exercise of a profession. This meaning does not have a plural. ‘The practice of the lawyers varies from those of the doctors’.
9.    If one light gives light, do you think two lights give two lights? Light is not countable so it does not have plural form. ‘The bright lamps gave much light’.
10.  Devi is not Viswanathan Anand .  Anand here is compared with Devi.‘Devi is the  Anand of our chess class’.
11.  Possessive is used with nouns denoting time .‘You will be promoted in a year’s time’.
12. The cup is not a living thing .  so it does not take possessive sign.  ‘The base of the cup was rounded.
13. The earth is personified and it takes feminine gender.. ‘The Earth treats us as her children, not strangers’.
14. The fleet is a collective noun. It should be in the singular.‘The fleet of ships moves at a uniform speed’.
15. Monarch does not have feminine gender. It is of common gender. ‘Queen Elizabeth is the monarch of England’.
16. Aurangzeb’s religious bigotism caused severe harm to the Mughal empire.
17. Tin is a material noun. A material noun does not take an article before it.‘Tin is a precious metal’.
18. The feminine for milkman is milkmaid, not milkwoman. ‘The milkmaid said that she would not supply milk on holidays’.
19. Team like army is a collective noun. Collective nouns are neuter gender . so it takes the pronoun ‘it’.‘The team camped at Namkum. It followed a rigorous routine’.
20. Plural for dwarf is dwarfs. ‘Who will win if there is a contest between the dwarfs and the giants?’.




English Learning Session :– (Day-1)
English Learning Session :– (Day-2)
English Learning Session :– (Day-3)
English Learning Session :– (Day-4)