Daily Current Affairs Updates–2nd December 2016:
Daily Current affairs News Updates about the National and International events were listed here. Candidates those who are preparing for IBPS/SBI/PO/Clerk exam and all other competitive exams can use this.
i. Amid the Centre’s push for digital transaction, Dhasai village in Thane district has become the first “cashless village” in Maharashtra. This was informed by Maharashtra Finance Minister Sudhir Mungantiwar yesterday.All payments in the Dhasai village are being done through plastic money. Traders, vegetable and fruit vendors and others providing goods and services in Dhasai are using swipe machines for cashless transactions.
ii. Dhasai, in Murbadtaluka, around 70 km from Mumbai, has a population of around 10,000. Around 60 nearby small villages depend on Dhasai for trade and their daily needs. The initiative to make this village cashless was taken by Bank of Baroda in collaboration with NGO Veer Savarkar Pratishthan. The NGO trained the villagers in using digital methods of transactions.
i. India International Science festival 2016 will be held from 7th to 11th of this month in New Delhi. Briefing reporters about the upcoming event Minister of Science and Technology, Dr. Harsh Vardhan said, 5 nominated students from every Adarsh gram would travel to Delhi to participate in this festival.
ii. The festival being organized by ministries of Science and Technology and Earth Sciences in collaboration with Vijnana Bharati (VIBHA) will be inaugurated by Home minister Rajnath Singh on 8th of December. The theme of the science festival is science for the masses. The minister said, more than 5000 young Indian scientists would be showcasing their scientific work to the public during the festival.
Government is providing 540 essentials medicines and 109 stents to the people at discount price through AMRIT (Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment) scheme. In a written reply in the LokSabha today, Health Minister J P Nadda said 33 AMRIT pharmacies are functioning in the country at various places and it has served 5.14 lakh patients till October this year. Mr. Nadda informed that over 18 crore rupees worth medicines have been sold through theses outlets. He said the Centre is in the process opening 79 more such outlets.
The 10-day long Hornbill Festival began at the Naga Heritage village Kisama on December 1, 2016, which is coinciding with the Statehood Day of Nagaland. Hornbill Festival Objective: To revive, protect and preserve the richness and uniqueness of the Naga heritage.
The festival was inaugurated by Guru Sangyusang Pongener of Ungma village under Mokokchung district while the inaugural celebrations of ‘Unity in Culture’ was presented by Sky Entertainment. The festival is a tribute to the revered bird for the Nagas ‘Hornbill’ for its qualities of alertness and grandeur
i. The programme was launched in line to Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s appeal to youth in Mann Ki Baat, where Prime Minister called for making people aware about digital economy and cashless modes of transactions. It aims at making people aware about the cashless economic system.
ii. HRD Minister also launched a webpage where students can register themselves. They can also provide their feedback and suggestions on the initiative as well as upload the progress of their work.
At present, India is undergoing transformational shift towards digital economy and youth can be an agent of change in this process of transformation. Beside this, the HRD Minister also appealed to higher education institutes to receive nothing in cash (fee/fines/deposits) and pay nothing in cash (wages/salaries/vendor payments).
i. Government has set up a special cell to monitor the receipt of fake currency notes and inform such instances to the Economic Offences Wing of State Police, Intelligence agencies as well as to the Finance Ministry. In a written reply to a question in the LokSabha, Minister of State for Finance Arjun Ram Meghwal said, special watch is being kept on receipt of such fake notes in the States bordering our neighbouring countries.
ii. He said, the Law Enforcement Agencies have been directed to maintain close vigil about possible movement of fake currencies. He said, the government has also asked them to make effective arrangements to keep watch on illicit cash transactions and movement of high value cash. MrMeghwal also added, the CISF and RPF are advised to keep special watch at Airports and Railway Stations.
i. It will be launched onboard of ISRO’s workhorse Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). Team Indus is a private aerospace starup company is planning to send a spacecraft to the moon aboard an Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) rocket on December 28, 2017. This mission’s aim is to land this spacecraft on the moon. It will also travel at least 500 metres and beam high- definition images, video and data back to the earth.For launching purpose TeamIndus has signed an agreement Antrix, the commercial arm of ISRO.
ii. If the mission goes successful, it would likely pip ISRO’s proposed moon-lander mission — Chandrayaan 2. It launch date is not yet formally announced. ISRO’s workhorse PSLV will launch the TeamIndus’s spacecraft in a three-day window centred on December 28, 2017. After completing a rotation around the earth, the spacecraft will land in 21 days at Mare Imbrium, a region in the North-Western hemisphere of the Moon.
iii. TeamIndus is one of the four international teams and the only one from India that are running for the Google Lunar XPRIZE, a $30 million competition. Other three international teams include two US based companies, Moon Express and Synergy Moon and one Israeli company SPACE 1 L. So far, all of them have announced agreements with space-launch-vehicle companies such as SpaceX.
The Union Government has approved inclusion of 15 new castes and modification of 13 others in the Central Other Backward Castes (OBC) list.
i. The amendments were approved by the Union Cabinet in the presence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This move follows the proposal put forward by the National Commission of Backward Classes (NCBC).The proposal suggested 28 changes with respect to 8 states including Maharashtra, Jammu& Kashmir, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, and Uttarakhand. In the 28 changes, 15 were new additions, 9 were synonyms or sub-castes of the already existing castes and 4 were corrections.
ii. These amendments will enable people belonging to these newly added castes to avail the benefits of reservation in both Government services and Central Educational Institutions.These people will also be entitled to enjoy the benefits of various welfare schemes launched by the Union Government.
iii. The commission comprises five members including a Chairperson (Judge of SC or HC), a social scientist, two people with expert knowledge on matters related to backward classes and a Member Secretary who has served as a Secretary to the Government of India.The term of all five members is three years.
Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis has asked for Aadhar linkage of all accounts for availing different scholarships and other benefits by students.He also directed officials to prepare a plan to bring the University of Mumbai, Savitribai Phule Pune University and Nagpur University among the top in global rankings.
In different meetings attended by ministers Vinod Tawde, RavindraWaikar, DilipKamble and secretaries of various departments, Fadnavis reviewed the progress of Key Result Areas (KRAs) for departments of Primary and Secondary Education, Higher and Technical Education and Social. In addition, the CM also asked to make biometric attendance compulsory for all local body and aided schools and to bring all transactions on the digital mode.
A ten-days Tripitak Sutrapath Mahotasava began at Bodhgaya in Bihar. A shobhayatrawas taken out on this occasion. Over three thousand monks of various Buddhist countries are participating in this mahotasava. Monks are paying special offer to Lord Buddha. There will be special prayer for world piece.
i. Prime Minister of Qatar Sheikh Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani is arriving in New Delhi this evening on a two day visit to India. During the visit, the Qatari dignitary will hold discussions with Prime Minister Narendra Modi on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues of common interest. This is the first visit of Sheikh Abdullah to India and the third high-level bilateral engagement between the two countries in the past two years, which underlines India’s growing ties with Qatar.
ii. The visit of Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani to India in March 2015 was followed by visit of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to Qatar in June 2016.India’s close and friendly relations with Qatar are based on mutually beneficial commercial exchanges and extensive people-to-people contacts.
iii. Qatar is not only an important trading partner for India in the Gulf region but is also the largest supplier of LNG to the country, accounting for 66 per cent of our total imports in 2015-16. Indians form the largest expatriate community in Qatar and their positive contribution in the progress and development of their host country is well recognized. There are over 630,000 Indian nationals working in Qatar.
i. China and Pakistan have launched a direct rail and sea freight service with the first cargo train departing from China’s southwestern Yunnan province. The service was launched with the first cargo train loaded with 500 tonnes of commodities left Kunming, the capital of Yunnan, an inland province in south-west China departed for Karachi, state-run Xinhua.
ii. China, Pakistan launch direct rail& sea freight service between Kunming and Karachi, cutting transport cost by over 50%. The service is a part of China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative, of which $ 46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project (CPEC)
i. The United Nations Security Council on 30 November 2016 voted to tighten sanctions on North Korea in response to the country’s fifth and largest nuclear test.The council unanimously approved the sanctions resolution following months of diplomatic arguments over how best to respond to North Korea’s latest nuclear test in September 2016. The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has been under UN sanctions since 2006 over its nuclear and ballistic missile tests.
ii. The new sanctions target North Korea’s hard currency revenues by placing a cap on coal exports, cutting them by at least 62 per cent. In total, the sanction will cut down at least USD 800 million per year the hard currency that the country has to fund its prohibited weapons programs. The prohibited weapons programmes constitute a full 25 percent of North Korea’s entire export revenues.
iii. The sanctions would also put a ban on the country’s exports of non-ferrous metals and sanction 11 government officials as well as 10 entities linked to the country’s nuclear weapons program. They also include an array of other measures cracking down on North Korea’s access to the international banking system and on its export of statues.
Emirates launched the world’s shortest scheduled service on an Airbus A380, flying it from Dubai to Doha within 80 minutes. The 378-kilometre route is the shortest on which an Airbus A380, the world’s largest passenger aircraft, is used. The double-decker aircraft has 14 first class suites, 76 business class flat-bed seats and 429 economy class seats.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) includes Yoga in Intangible Cultural Heritage list
i. The declaration describes Yoga, an ancient Indian practice as a Human Treasure. It was unanimously supported by all the 24 members of inter-governmental Committee. Decision in this regard was taken by the Inter-governmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage meeting held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.The proposal for inclusion of Yoga in this list was forwarded by the Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) immediately after the first International Yoga Day was on 21st June 2016.
ii. The UNESCO’s list was established in 2008 after Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, 2003 came into effect. It compiles two lists which are Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and List of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Need of Urgent Safeguarding. Now, the list includes 814 cultural sites, 203 natural and 35 with both cultural and natural qualities
India’s economy is projected to grow at 7.6 % in 2017 as investment regains momentum and manufacturing base strengthens on the back of structural reforms in the country, a UN study said.
Crediting India and China for steady growth of the Asia-Pacific region.”India’s economy is projected to sustain a 7.6 per cent growth rate in both fiscal years 2016-17 and 2017-18,” according to the year-end update of the flagship report Economic and Social Survey for Asia and the Pacific 2016 of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
Private sector lender Yes Bank has launched a new digital transaction service through mobile phones named SIMsePAY, that allows any account holder to do money transfers, pay utility bills and other mobile banking services, without the need for smart phones or internet.
The technology is based on wafer-thin sticker attached to any SIM card of a telecom provider that sources information from a co-branded prepaid wallet linked to it. The service is based on a “sim-sleeve” technology, in association with Taisys Technologies, who holds global patent for the same, and has implemented the same successfully in other countries including Kenya and China.
The opening bell ceremony for the listing of KIOCL (Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Limited) share on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) was held in Mumbai to commemorate the commencement of trading on the NSE platform.
The programme was attended by the officials of National Stock Exchange, intuitional investors, bankers, besides other representatives. KIOCL CMD Malay Chatterjee, Director-Commercial MV SubbaRao, Director-Finance S K Gorai and Director (Production and Project) N Vidyananda participated in the event.
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd (BHEL) has commissioned the first unit of the 4×30 MW Pulichintala hydroelectric project in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh. The project is being set up by TS Genco on river Krishna.BHEL has undertaken the project work which includes design, manufacture, supply erection of four sets of 30 MW vertical Kaplan turbine and generator along with associated auxiliaries. The equipment has been manufactured at BHEL’s plants at Bhopal, Jhanshi, Rudrapur and Bengaluru.
Senior bureaucrat Praveen Mahajan is appointed as the President of the All India Tennis Association on December 1, 2016. She will replace Anil Khanna. Mahajan became the second woman preseident of AITA after Rajkumari AmritKaur.
Former CBEC head Praveen Mahajan is new AITA President. She was the first woman chief of the Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) and she is currently working as administrative member of the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) in Jodhpur.
Hubballi-based Aissel Technologies has been chosen winner in the Startup Karnataka Top Tech 25 Awards 2016. Aissel Technologies is an enterprise cloud software company based in Hubballi. Its Medical Thought Leader management solutions are deployed at leading global life sciences companies.
Singer Katy Perry was honoured with the ‘Audrey Hepburn Humanitarian Award’ for her work as UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador at a UNICEF event in New York on 1st December. Katheryn Elizabeth Hudson, known professionally as Katy Perry, is an American singer and songwriter.
Nihonium becomes Asia’s 1st Periodic Table element discovery
Chemistry’s highest gatekeepers have accepted the newly proposed names for elements 113(Nihonium), 115 (Moscovium), 117( Tennessine) and 118(Oganesson). Periodic Table element with atomic number 113, Nihonium (Nh) has become the first ever element to be discovered by an Asian country after it was officially revealed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC).Along with three other elements that helped to complete the Periodic table, Nihonium was discovered and proposed by the RIKEN collaboration team in Japan.
Scientists from Israel have created the world’s first ‘water-wave laser’.
The study conducted by team of researchers from Technion-Israel Institute of Technology led by Professor Tal Carmon. In this, researchers had created a device in which an optical fibre delivers light into a tiny droplet of octane and water. The energy is emitted by the droplet when light waves and water waves pass through each other many times (about one million times) inside the droplet.
The interaction between the fibre optic light and the miniscule vibrations on surface of the droplet creates an echo i.e. interaction of sound waves causing it to emit radiation. Event when minute pressure is applied by light it can cause droplet deformation that is a million times greater than in a typical optomechanical device. It may offer greater control of the laser’s emissions. In order to increase this echo effect in the device, highly transparent, runny liquids was used to encourage light and droplet interactions.
The ‘water-wave laser’ may be used in ‘lab-on-a-chip’ devices to study cell biology and test new drug therapies. It can be used in tiny sensors that combine light waves, sound and water waves. It also offers scientists a playground for studying the interaction of light and fluid at a scale smaller than the width of a human hair.
The All-India Football Federation won the Asian Football Council’s Developing Member Association of the Year Award in Abu Dhabi. The award is given on the basis of organisation of courses, seminars and competitions, grassroots youth development and women’s programmes and special projects. In 2014, AIFF had earlier won the AFC President’s Recognition Award for grassroots football.
Noted Marathi film maker and actor Shriram Gojamgunde passed away in Mumbai on December 1, 2016. He was 71.Gojamgunde well known for the movie “ZatpatKaru De Khatpat”, which led to other film makers from the region take up producing films. He had acted in a Marathi film with late SmitaPatil. In 1974, he essayed the title role in Marathi film “Raja Shiv Chhatrapati”, based on the life of the Great Maratha warrior. He founded the Rasbahar drama group, which won three best play awards at the state level.
Tamil poet Inkulab passes away
Legendary poet and activist MakkalPavalarInkulab passed away in Chennai on December 1, 2016. He was a rationalist writer and professor of Tamil literature. His original name was Shahul Hameed . He was known for his poems like Naanga Manushangada (We are human beings) and Avvai, a drama. was also involved in vocal expression of discontent over the removal of statue of Tamil legendary icon Kannaki in 2002 by the then All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) government of Tamil Nadu.