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1).The world is fair (a)/ governed by reason(b)/ and so are our (c)/ institutions and laws. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- The adjective ‘fair’ will be used in other form i.e., fairly.
2). India has the fifth highest(a)/ prevalence of child marriages in(b)/ the world, with one in all three (c)/ child brides being Indian. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- ‘All’ will replace ‘every’ as the comparison is being done i.e., ‘one in every’.
3). The presentations being made (a)/ by groups of secretary have(b)/ failed to impress (c)/ Prime Minister Narendra Modi. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- ‘Secretary’ will be in plural form i.e., Secretaries.
4). Books, though we say(a)/ and acknowledge, (b)/ are the best (c)/ friends one can have. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- ‘Though’ will be replaced by ‘as’.
5). When you back someone (a)/ who is seemingly destined to(b)/ lose, the win has become c)/ far More gratifying. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- The sentence is in present tense, so the verb will be ‘becomes’.
6). Polluting factories will be closed(a)/ and some 2,000 others will (b)/ be upgrade in meeting (c)/ higher pollution treatment standards. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- The sentence is in future tense, so this part of the sentence will be like ‘upgraded to meet’.
7). India now expects (a)/ a poor and even(b)/ the illiterate to (c)/ have bank literacy. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- The article ‘a’ will be replaced by ‘the’ because it is being referred to all the poor.
8). The frustration in the (a)/ extremists will not produce (b)/ an easy end (c)/ to the conflict. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- The preposition ‘in’ will be replaced by ‘of’.
9). A disturbing facet of lawmaking in India(a)/ is that laws are often drafted without an depth(b)/ research, as a result of which they (c)/ are misinformed and remain paper tigers. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- The phrase ‘in depth’ is not used correctly in the sentence.
10). The economy has slowed and (a)/ the worse affected are the (b)/ poor, casual labour and villagers (c)/ who survive on cash. (d)/ No error(e)
Explanation:- The positive degree of the adjective ‘worse’ is wrong here. The superlative degree will be used i.e., worst.