List of 100 Tips for Sentence Correction in English Language | Part-4:
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Part- IV: USES OF ADJECTIVES
37).Adjectives of quantity show how much of a thing is meant. Adjectives of quantity (some; much, little, enough, all, no, any, great, half, sufficient, whole) are used for Uncountable Nouns only.
Incorrect-I ate a few rice.
Correct- I ate some rice.
38). Numeral Adjectives are used for Countable Noun only and they show how many persons or things are meant or in what order a person or thing stands,
Incorrect- I have taught you little things.
Correct- I have taught you a few things.
39). When cardinal and ordinal are used together ordinal precedes the cardinal.
Incorrect- The four first boys will be given the chance.
Correct- The first four boys will be given the chance.
40). Later, latest refer to time, latter and last refer to position.
Incorrect- I reached at 10 am.But he was latter than I expected.
Correct- I reached at 10 am. But he was later than I expected,
41). Farther means more distant or advanced; further means additional.
Incorrect- He insisted on farther improvement.
Correct- He insisted on further improvement.
42). Each is used in speaking of two or more things, every is used only in speaking of more than two.
Incorrect- Every of the two boys will get a prize.
Correct- Each of the two boys will get a prize.
43). To express quantity or degree some is used in affirmative sentences, any in negative or interrogative sentences.
Incorrect- Have you bought some mangoes?
Correct- Have you bought any mangoes?
44). In comparing two things, the Comparative should be used, The Superlative should not be used.
Incorrect- Which is the best of the two?
Correct- Which is the better of the two?
45). When two qualities of the same person or thing are compared, the Comparative inner is not used. ‘More’ is used for this purpose.
Incorrect- He is wiser than brave.
Correct- He is more wise than brave.
46). When comparison is made by means of a comparative, the thing compared should be excluded from the class of things with which it is compared by using ‘other’ or some such word.
Incorrect- He is cleverer than any boy in the class.
Correct- He is cleverer than any other boy in the class.
47). When comparison is made by means of a superlative, the thing compared should include the class of things with which it is compared.
Incorrect- He is the strongest of all other men.
Correct- He is the strongest of all men
48). When two persons or things are compared, it is important that the same parts of things should be compared.
Incorrect- The population of Bombay is greater than Delhi.
Correct- The population of Bombay is greater than that of Delhi.
49). Double comparatives and superlatives should not be used.
1.Incorrect- He is the most cleverest boy in the class.
Correct- He is the cleverest boy in the class.
2.Incorrect- He is more wiser than his brother.
Correct- He ‘is wiser than his brother.
50). The comparative Adjectives superior inferior, senior, junior, prior, anterior, posterior prefer, etc., should be followed by ‘to’ instead of ‘than’.
Incorrect- He is senior than me.
Correct- He is senior to me.
51).Adjectives like ‘unique’, ideal, perfect, complete, universal, entire, extreme, chief, full square and round, which do not admit different degrees of comparison should not be compared.
Incorrect- It is the most unique thing.
Correct- It is a unique thing.
52). All the Adjectives which refer to the same Noun should be in the same degree of comparison.
Incorrect- He is the wisest and honest worker in the office.
Correct- He is the wisest and most honest worker in the office.
53). ‘Elder’ and ‘eldest’ should be used for persons only, strictly speaking, they are used for the members of the same family only. ‘Older’ and ‘oldest’ are used for both persons and things.
Incorrect- He is my older brother.
Correct- He is my elder brother.