Daily Current Affairs – 14th October 2015

    Daily Current Affairs – 14th October 2015
    Daily Current Affairs – 14th October 2015:
    Daily Current affairs News Updates about the National and International events were listed here. Candidates those who are preparing for IBPS/SBI/PO/Clerk exam and all other competitive exams can use this.

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    1). A team of scientists from theBotanical Survey of India (BSI) discovered a sweet banana species with orange pulp namedMusa indandamanensis
    ·        It was discovered in the remoteKrishna Nalah tropical rain forest on the LittleAndaman islands
    ·        Importantfeatures of Musa indandamanensis
    a)   It isthrice the size of a regular banana
    b)   It consists of  uniquegreen flowers and fruit bunch axis
    c)   The pulp is in adistinctive orange colour
    d)   The flowers arecylindrical in shape  compared to the regular conical shape of bananas
    e)   The plantains of the species are very limited and needs conservation
    ·        As this species has relativelybig fruit lux, the genes extracted from it can be used for the following purposes
    a)   To boost banana production in the country
    b)   To germinate new banana plants species

    2).Tamil Nadu government bannedKetoprofen, aNon – Steroid Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID) to save critically endangered vulture population in the state
    ·        The drug has been banned in the following3 western districts of the state
    a)   Erode
    b)   Coimbatore
    c)   Nilgiris
    ·        Earlier in September 2015, theUnion Government had banned the use of veterinary drugDiclofenac for treating cattle
    ·        Ketroprofenis extensively used for veterinary purposes and as an alternative to the banned Diclofenac drug
    ·        Ketroprofen and Diclofenac causes death of vultures due to renal failure or kidney after they eat the carcasses of cattle administered by these drugs
    ·        Meloxicamis an alternative drug which can be used instead of Diclofenac and Ketroprofen

    3).TheNational Executive Council (NEC) approved theProspective Plans (PP) andAnnual Plan of Operations (APO) ofGreen India Mission (GIM)
    ·        The annual plans was submitted by the following4states
    a)   Kerala
    b)   Mizoram
    c)   Manipur
    d)   Jharkhand
    ·        The approval has been granted for the following alternative energy devices
    a)   Biogas
    b)   LPG
    c)   Solar devices
    d)   Biomass – based systems
    e)   Improved stoves
    ·        Around27,032 households from these 4 states will be covered for the financial year 2015 -16
    ·        During the total plan period over1,08,335 hectares of forest and non-forest areas will be taken under GIM out of which
    a)   81,939 hectares – will help in improving the density of existing forests
    b)   16,396 hectares will be used in new areas
    ·        PPof all 4 states has a total financial outlay ofRs. 90,202.68 lakhs for a plan period of 5 to 10 years
    ·        APOshas a total financial outlay ofRs. 11,195.32 lakhs for the same period of time
    ·        GIM – one of the8-Key Missions Outlined under theNational Action Plan on Climate Change(NAPCC)

    4).China started theZam Hydropower Station built on theBrahmaputra River which has raised concerns in India over the likelihood of disrupting water supplies of the river
    ·        China has announced that these projects arerun-of-the-water type and are not designed to hold water
    ·        But India is still concerned over China’s ability and dominance to release water in times of conflict which can pose serious risk of flooding
    ·        Brahmaputra River – known asYarlung Zangbo River inTibetflows through Tibet intoIndia and later intoBangladesh
    ·        This dam is the world’s highest altitude hydropower station and largest of its kind
    ·        It is expected to produce2.5 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity
    ·        The power station is located in theGyaca County of Tibet and it is the largest station in the region
    ·        It has6 stations to harness the rich water resources of the river

    5).TheParliament of Iran passed a bill that allows the government to implement a historic nuclear deal reached with world powers namely theP5+1(US, UK, France, China and Russia + Germany) countries
    ·        This will protect Iran’s nuclear program and lifting of international economic sanctions
    ·        The Iranian government can withdraw from implementation of the nuclear deal if the other side fails to lift economic sanctions against Iran
    ·        The nuclear deal between Iran and the P5+1 countries was signed in July 2015
    ·        Between 2006 – 2015 the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) had passed 7 resolutions forcing Iran to stop producing enriched uranium which can be used to build nuclear bombs along with its civilian purposes

    6).Jamaican writerMarlon James won the2015 Man Booker Prize for Fiction for his novelA Brief History of 7 Killings
    ·        He is the1stJamaican writer to win the prize in its47 years history
    ·        His name wasshortlisted from the list that consisted of the following writers
    a)   Sunjeev Sahota
    b)   Chigozie Obioma
    c)   Hanya Yanagihara
    d)   Anne Tyler
    e)   Tom McCarthy
    f)    Marlon James
    ·        He received a trophy, a designer bound edition of his book and a prize money of50,000 Euros
    ·        He also received an additional2500 Euros for being shortlisted for the prize
    ·        The Man Booker Prize was established in1969to promote the finest in fiction by rewarding the very best book of the year
    ·        This prize is the world’s most important literary award

    7).Real Madrid’s key playerCristiano Ronaldo won a record4th Golden Bootafter topping Europe’s goal scoring charts for the2014-15 seasons
    ·        He became the 1stplayer in the award’s illustrious47-year history to win the accolade 4 times
    ·        Ronaldo is level withRaul in Madrid’s leading scorer charts with323 goals
    ·        He scored48 goals in 35 La Liga games last term to win the honour for the 3rdtime at Madrid

    8).Union Finance MinisterArun Jaitley is chosen asFinance Minister of the Year, Asia 2015by theEmerging Markets publication in recognition for India’s relative economic success over the last 18 months
    ·        Atiur Rahman, theGovernor of Bangladesh Bank has been named as theCentral Bank Governor of the Year, Asia 2015 for generating considerable strength and resilience in the economy of Bangladesh
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