Daily Current Affairs Updates– 4th November 2015

    Daily Current Affairs Updates
    Daily Current Affairs – 4th November 2015:
    Daily Current affairs News Updates about the National and International events were listed here. Candidates those who are preparing for IBPS/SBI/PO/Clerk exam and all other competitive exams can use this.

    1).Maharashtra’s State Cabinetchaired by Chief MinisterDevendra Fadnavis approved theA. P. J. Abdul Kalam Amrut Yojna scheme to provide one full hot cooked nutritious food to pregnant, lactating women in the tribal areas
    ·    This scheme will replace theTake Home Ration scheme that provided packets of sheera or upma to lactating or expectant mothers in tribal areas of state
    ·        The APJ Abdul Kalam Amrut Yojna scheme is an initiative ofTribal Development department of the state government
    ·    The following are theobjectives of the A. P. J.  Abdul Kalam Amrut Yojna scheme
    a)   To curb malnutrition among tribal children by providing nutrition to pregnant women for6 months when the child’s growth is at its peak
    b)   To provide one full hot cooked nutritious food to every pregnant in3rd trimester and lactating mother1st 3 months post-delivery in tribal areas
    ·   It will be implemented by theAnganwadisfalling underWomen and Child Welfare Departmentin16 districts of states having tribal population
    ·   Thenutritious food including the following would be served at theAnganwadi centre as per the convenience of the beneficiaries
    a)   Pulses
    b)   Fruits
    c)   Vegetables
    d)   Rice
    e)   Boiled eggs
    f)    Milk
    2).Meghalaya High Courtordered the Central Government to enforceArmed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA),1958in the militancy-hitGaro Hills region of the state
    ·    In the last 2 years there has been a rise in number of militancy incidents in the region especially in Garo Hills includingabductionof a Megahalya Government Officials byGaro National Liberation Army militants
    ·   1958 – AFSPA act was enacted to providespecial legal security to the armed forces for carrying out operations in the troubled areas of7 sisters states of    North east
    ·        1990 – It was extended toJammu and Kashmir to confront the rising insurgency in the area
    ·        The following are theobjectives of AFSPA
    a)   To empower armed forces to deal effectively inDisturbed Areas declared by both state and Central government
    b)   To providearmy officers andjawans legal immunity for their actions undertaken disturbed areas
    ·   The following are theimplications of the order issued by the Meghalaya High Court
    a)   Central government can enforce AFSPA in Garo Hills region to deploy armed forces to aid of civil administration, to restore public order and maintain the law and order
    b)   This will enable the civil authorities in the state to effectively deal with militancy so that there is a regime of rule of law
    ·  The order was issued by afull 3 benchof the High Court comprising of the following judges
    a)   Chief JusticeUma Nath Singh
    b)   JusticeT N K Singh
    c)   JusticeS R Sen
    3).Supreme Court(SC) ruled that a daughter’s right to ancestral property does not arise if the father died before theHindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 that came into force in2005
    ·        This judgment was given by aSC benchcomprising of the following Judges
    a)   Anil R Dave
    b)   Adarsh K Goel
    ·  Judgment – The date of a daughter becoming co-parcener in to ancestral  property will be valid on and from the commencement of the amendment Act
    ·    Daughters can become a co-sharer with her male siblings if father was alive on9th September, 2005 i.e. date on which act came into force
    ·  Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005 – was passed to amend theHindu Succession Act, 1956
    ·    Objective of Act – To give daughters equal inheritance rights in ancestral property along with her male siblings
    ·  Prior to enactment of this act, women were just able to only able to ask for sustenance from a joint Hindu family and could not ask for a share in the property
    4).International Indigenous Terra Madre- 2015 started inShillong, Meghalaya to celebrate the biological and cultural diversity of indigenous communities that have evolved and passed on from generation to generation in close interaction with nature
    ·        Theme –The Future We Want: Indigenous Perspectives and Actions
    ·        Tera Madre – a network of Indigenous food communities involved in promotion of Indigenous culture as well as conservation of bio-diversity
    ·   The5 day-long celebration will bring over a100 tribes from58 countries in the following categories
    a)   17 – Asian countries
    b)   14 – African countries
    c)   12 – American countries
    d)   8 – European countries
    e)   7 – Oceania countries
    ·        The following 2 are the organizing agencies of the event
    a)   Slow Food, North East Slow Food and Agro biodiversity Society (NESFAS)
    b)   Indigenous Partnership for Agro biodiversity and Food Sovereignty (Indigenous Partnership)
    5).United Nations General Assembly’s(UNGA)Disarmament Committee or1st Committee adopted a draft resolution submitted byJapancalling for theabolition of nuclear arms
    ·  1994 – Since then Japan has been spearheading efforts UNGA Disarmament Committee to introduce resolutions on nuclear arms every year
    ·    UNGA Disarmament Committee– deals with disarmament, threats to peace and global challenges that affect the international community
    ·    Objective of committee – To seek solutions to the challenges in the international  security regime
    ·        The following are thefeatures of Resolution
    a)   Stresses the inhumanity of nuclear weapons
    b)   Urges nuclear powers to be more transparent in their disarmament efforts
    c)   Calls for efforts to raise awareness of the humanitarian impact of the use of nuclear weapons
    d)   Asks world leaders to visit the 2 Japanese cities ofHiroshima andNagasakiwhich were devastated by the nuclear attacks
    ·        The resolution was adopted by156 membercountries, while17 abstaining and  3voting against it includingChina andRussia
    ·    It failed to secure endorsement of the following countries and other key powers as they abstained from voting despite supporting it
    a)   United States
    b)   Britain
    c)   France
    6).A rare tropicalCyclone Chapala slammed intoYemen triggering heavy flooding and causing damage in coastal region of the country
    ·       Cyclone Chapala was formed after a low pressure was formed over theArabian Sea with deep depression intensity due to the record warm water believed to be associated with the following 2 events
    a)   El Niño event
    b)   Low vertical wind shear
    ·        It is believed that Cyclone Chapala is the most powerful storm that has hit Yemen in last5 decades
    ·     The following are thefeatures of Cyclone Chapala
    a)   TheIndian Meteorological Department(IMD) has categorized Cyclone Chapala as aCategory 4 equivalent storm on theSaffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale
    b)   It is the2nd strongest cyclone on record over the Arabian Sea, only afterCylone Gonu in2007
    c)   It has brought winds of speed more than100 km/hr in the Arabian Sea 
    ·     The following are theeffects of Cyclone Chapala
    a)   The cyclone made landfall in the following south eastern provinces along theGulf of Aden coast of Yemen
    1).Hadramawt
                          2).Shabwa
    ·    The rainfall brought by cyclone has caused flooding of rivers which are usually dry causing destructive mudslides
    ·    The cyclone had wreaked havoc on the island ofSocotra, located350 km off the Yemeni mainland
    7).Chief Operating Officer(COO) ofIndian Premier League (IPL)Sundar Raman resigned from his position
    ·  His name had cropped up in the2013 IPL spot- fixing scandal involving the  following 2 personalities
    a)   Gurunath Meiyappan– former BCCI PresidentN Srinivasan’s son-in-law
    b)   Raj Kundra – former co-ownerRajasthan Royals
    ·     The Supreme Court appointedMudgal Committeeon the IPL spot- fixing scandal in its report had mentioned that Raman had been in touch with a bookmaker around 8 times during IPL season
    ·  The committee in its report also had mentioned that Raman’s role should be  further investigated
    ·    Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) accepted his resignation in an effort to clean up the Indian cricketing system under regime of the new PresidentShashank Manohar
    8).All India Radio’s (AIR’s) Programme on child labour namedNilkkam Ivarkkoppam won the1stprize at the2015 Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) Prize ceremony held in Ankara, Turkey
    ·      It is the52ndedition ABU prize
    ·        Category –Community Service Announcement
    ·        Nilkkam Ivarkkoppam (Malayalam) –Stand Beside Them (English)
    ·        Scripted and produced –Biju Mathew, programme executive at AIR Trivandrum
    ·   ABU prize – one of the most prestigious awards in the broadcasting industry it constitutes of the following 
    a)   Cash prize of2,000 dollars
    b)   A certificate
    c)   A statuette
    9).Former Pakistan captainShoaib Malikannounced his retirement fromTest cricket after finishing the Test match againstEngland in Sharjah, UAE
    ·        Through this match he had made a comeback in Test format after5 years of gap
    ·        Now he will play only in theOne-Day International (ODI)
    ·        1999 – ODI debut against theWest Indies
    ·        2001 – Test debut was againstBangladesh
    ·   March 2010 – His bowling action had come under scrutiny and was banned for one-year ban from international cricket
    ·  He had played35 Tests matches and scored1,898 runs comprising of the  following
    a)   3 – Centuries 
    b)   8 – half-centuries
    ·   He had taken29 wickets in his Tests career and his best was of4-33against England inOctober 2015
    ·        He is married to Indian tennis playerSania Mirza since 2010
    10).Oscar-winning British writer and actorColin Wellandpassed away at the age of81
    ·        He was suffering fromAlzheimer’s diseasefor several years
    ·        He was born on4 July 1934 inLancashire, United Kingdom
    ·   His acting debut – Had appeared in theBBC Television seriesZ-Cars, Kes  (1969), as a school teacher teaching English
    ·  Prior to his acting career, he had worked as a teacher and taughtartat Manchester Road Secondary Modern School in Leigh
    ·   1969 – He had won theBAFTA award as an actor for playing the sympathetic English teacher namedMr. Farthing inKen Loach’s Kes
    ·        1979 – He wrote screenplay for the filmYanksdirected byJohn Schlesinger
    ·   1982 – He had won anAcademy Award (Oscar) for best original screenplay forChariots of Fire
    ·    1985– Wrote screenplay for the film,Twice in a Lifetime

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