English Questions – Appropriate sentence for paragraph

English Questions – Appropriate sentence for paragraph:
Dear Readers, Here we have given the Practice English Questions with explanation based on new pattern, candidates those who are preparing for upcoming examination can make use of it.

Direction (Q. 1 – 10): In each of the following questions, a short passage is given with one of the lines in the passage missing and represented by a blank. Select the best out of the five answer choices given to make the passage complete and coherent.
 
1). As far as we know, all animals dream; and humans probably started to dream even before they were sufficiently intelligent to think about the process. _____________. Freud set out the theory that, although they may be prompted by external stimuli, wish-fulfillment was the basis of most dreams. According to him, our dreams reflected our deepest desires, rooted in our infancy, and always held a serious meaning.
a)   During sleep, what is happening in the brain can be measured by the use an EEG.
b)   Scientists identify four stages of sleep – the first stage is simply a transition from wakefulness to real sleep; while stage two may be described as “normal” sleep.
c)   It has been suggested that some of the earliest prehistoric cave paintings are records of dreams.
d)   When we fall asleep we enter a cycle of sleep – a pattern that is usually repeated several times during the night.
e)   During stage three, there is another transition, or sinking into a deeper sleep – that of stage four.
 
2). For years now, George W. Bush has told Americans that he would increase the number of troops in Iraq only if, the commanders on the ground asked him to do so. It was not a throw away live. _______________.  He said it right up until last summer, stressing at a news conference in Chicago that Iraq commander General George Casey will make the decisions as to how many troops we have there.
a)   The politicians and commanders had trouble agreeing on what the goal of a surge would further erode the readiness of the US’s already stressed ground forces.
b)   The commander in chief is betting that more troops will lead the way to what one white house official calls “victory.”
c)   The irony is that while the generals would have liked more troops in the past, they are cool to the idea of spending more now that’s in past.
d)   If you put more American troops on the front line said a white house official, you’re going to have more casualties.
e)   Bush said it from the very first days of the war, when he and pentagon boss Donald Rumsfeld were criticized for going to war with too few troops.
 
3). In February 2010 the Medical Council of India announced a major change in the regulation governing the establishment of medical colleges. With this change, corporate entities were permitted to open medical colleges. The new regulation also carried the following warning: “permission shall be withdrawn if the colleges resort to commercialization”. _______________. A basic requirement for a new medical college is a pre-existing hospital that will serve as a teaching hospital.
a)   Since the regulation does not elaborate on what constitutes “resorting to commercialization”, this will presumably be a matter left to the discretion of the Government.
b)   The Health Ministry, with the help of the MCI, has been active in proposing yet another ‘innovative’ solution to the problem of lack of doctors in the rural areas.
c)   This and another change have been justified in the name of addressing the shortage of doctors.
d)   Until now, medical education in India has been projected as a not-for profit activity to be organized for the public good.
e)   Faculty in all medical colleges are to be issued an RFID-based smart card by th MCI with a unique Faculty Number.
 
4). ______________. At many of them, politics has introduced into campus life, influencing academic appointments and decisions across levels. Under investment in libraries, information technology, laboratories, and classrooms make it very difficult to provide top quality instruction or engage in cutting-edge research. The rise in the number of part-time teachers and freeze on new full time appointments in many places has affected morale in the academic profession. The lack of accountability means that teaching and research performance is seldom measured.
a)   India has survived with an increasingly mediocre higher education system for decades.
b)   World class universities require world class professors and students and a culture to sustain and stimulate them.
c)   China in particular is heavily investing in improving its best universities with the aim of making a small group of them world class in the coming decade, and making a larger number internationally competitive research universities.
d)   India’s colleges and universities, with just a few expectations, have become large, under unfounded, ungovernable institutions.
e)   An academic culture that is based on the merit-based norms and competition for advancement and search funds is necessary component, as is a judicious mix of autonomy to do creative research and accountability to ensure productivity.
 
5). Ariel Sharon’s visit to India is a historic one. Not only is it the first ever by any Israeli prime minister, but it also opens a new chapter in cooperation between the two countries which has multiplied manifold since the establishment of full-fledged diplomatic relations in 1992. It is understood that the present and former Israeli PMs had been keen on visiting India for quite some time, but the ball was lying in New Delhi’s court. ____________________.
a)   Indian policy-makers started viewing its West Asia policy not necessarily as a zero-sum game.
b)   Sharon’s visit is likely to focus on bolstering strategic partnership – highlighting the horrors of terrorism and the need to cooperate to effectively combat the scourge as also to boost defence and trade cooperation.
c)   The Nehruvian perspective guided India’s West Asia police for decades after Independence.
d)   New Delhi now may be Israel’s largest arms purchaser.
e)   During the independence movement, Nehru and Gandhi did not favor the Zionist claim to Palestine and saw a fundamental difference between the Zionist movement and Indian national movement.
 
6). India is a great book producing nation and has a vibrant world of book publishing spread throughout the vast country in a number of modern languages most of which have their roots in Sanskrit, the mother of Indian languages. In terms of numbers, there are more than 16,000 publishers in India publishing 90,000 titles annually in 24 languages, out of which 18 are highly developed, to fulfill the needs of this multilingual nation. ______________________. Today Indian publishing is one of the greatest in the world and can be counted among the first seven publishing nations.
a)   In India, every year a world level Book fair is held in New Delhi, which is India’s oldest book fair.
b)   The focus is being given especially keeping in mind the increasing number of IT-savvy younger generation with a penchant for internet, mobile phones and other reader-friendly digital gizmos.
c)   The visitor profile at the fair includes national and International publishers, librarians, researchers, academicians, writers, students and book lovers. Publishers also introduced “e-Books” in this fair.
d)   Delhi Book Fair is playing a pivotal role in reiterating the might of the pen and the printed word and has come to be recognized as the biggest annual cultural event
e)   These languages have a galaxy of good authors, their own publishers and readers of books within their own area as well as spread out in the entire country.
 
7). Everyone deals with integrity underlying moral issue in their everyday life. _______________. Question arises-What is integrity? It means honesty – keeping to one’s word even if it costs us dearly to do so. If you pledge to ‘love, honour and cherish your spouse until death do you part’, you must honour that promise. If you agree to do a task, you must do it. Integrity comes in many forms, but honesty and dependability are two traits that are expected in most workplace situations.
a)   Irresponsible behavior and distrust can make a work environment tense and uncomfortable.
b)   Establishing yourself as a trustworthy worker who submits to company policies shows your boss and coworkers that you’ll faithfully carry out your duties.
c)   Respecting those you work with reveals your desire to create a healthy work environment.
d)   Most of our parents would have taught us during our growing up years that we must inculcate this virtue because it is the right thing to do.
e)   Avoid using company products or equipment for personal use and submit exact receipts for travel or meal reimbursements.
 
8). __________________. A corrupt act is often – but not necessarily – illegal. In handling corruption you will often face a Gray zones and dilemmas. In many countries, corruption is everywhere and daily life is riddled with situations in the Gray zone between legal and illegal. Many people accept petty corruption as a fact of life. But the causes might differ, however, whether corruption results from a need, a culture or simply from an opportunity too tempting not to exploit, it influences the way we deal with it – or don’t deal with it.
a)   Corruption can occur on different scales.
b)   Corruption is a broad term covering a wide range of misuse of entrusted funds and power for personal gain i.e. Theft, fraud, nepotism, abuse of power etc.
c)   No subordinate will have to guts to be corrupt if the people at the top of the administration are honest and take stern action against the corrupt people.
d)   According to a 2007 World Bank published report, the travel time for a Delhi-Mumbai trip can be reduced by about 2 days per trip if the corruption and associated regulatory stoppages to extract bribes was eliminated.
e)   The main reason for the spread of corruption is that the people in the highest seat of power are corrupt unless the people at the top rung of power are honest and free from corruption.
 
9). Information revolution has undoubtedly brought many new and fascinating things to make life easier. But the bit coins, a new type of money, facilitated by the same information technology does not seem to be very useful; rather it is a harmful invention to categorically say without mincing words. ______________________. The People’s Bank of China prohibited Chinese financial institutions from using bit coins from December 5, 2013. The RBI on its part has cautioned the users, holders and traders of bit coins and the like, about the potential financial, operational, legal, customer protection and security related risks that they are exposing themselves to.
a)   Central banks of different countries have got alarmed, and rightly so, with the bit coin’s business.
b)   Highly sophisticated computers which are naturally very costly are used and very complex mathematical process is involved to create the code numbers through which they can be accessed by the true owners.
c)   All the wallets in the world are recorded at one place or electronic general ledger known as ‘block chain’.
d)   In fact the persons who want to use bitcoins are required to create their wallets in their computers or other electronic devices.
e)   Two different keys, say codes, are generated; one is public key which enables all the bit coin users to see all the transaction and a private key only the owner can use to open his electronic wallet.
 
10). The happy man is the man who lived objectively, who has free affection and wide interest, who secures his happiness through these interests and affections and through the fact that they, in turn, make him an object of interest and affection to many others. ____________________. The man who receives affection is, speaking broadly, the man who gives it. But it useless to attempt to give it as a calculation, in the way in which one might lend money at interest, for a calculated affection is not genuine and is not felt to be so by the recipient.
a)   Exercises of this sort prolonged through several years will at last enable you to admit facts without flinching and will, in so doing, free you from the empire of feat over a very large filed.
b)   If fear is his trouble, let him practice exercises designed to give courage.
c)   If he succeeds in dispelling the sense of sin, it is possible that genuine objective interests will arise spontaneously.
d)   To be the recipient of affection is a potent cause of happiness, but the man who demands affection is not the man upon whom it is bestowed.
e)   Teach yourself to feel that life still be worth living even if you were not, as of course you are immeasurably superior to all your friends in virtue and in intelligence.
Explanations:
1). Answer: c)
Option c) is correct answer since in the paragraph is giving details about the dream and theory related to it. So, option c) is fit to the blank and makes the paragraph coherent since it describes about records of dream.
 
2). Answer: e)
Option e) is correct answer since in the beginning of the passage it is explaining about the war and need for improving the troop (crowd). So, option e) will give a coherent passage since others are describing about various factors with respect to troops.
 
3). Answer: a)
Option a) is correct answer since the paragraph gives details about the rules by government that should be followed by private medical college. So, option a) will be a perfect sentence since it also describe about the rules.
 
4). Answer: d)
Option d) is correct answer since the passage is explaining about the colleges in India and its present situation. So, option d) is explaining about Indian colleges and their economic situation while others are explaining the academic factors.
 
5). Answer: b)
Option b) is correct answer since in the paragraph is describing about the visit of Israeli PM to India. So, option b) is opt for the blank since it explains the facts that discussed between Israeli and India.
 
6). Answer: e)
Option e) is correct answer since in the paragraph is giving details about book publishing in India. So, option e) is fit to the blank and makes the paragraph coherent since it describes about authors and readers of books.
 
7). Answer: d)
Option d) is correct answer since the passage is explaining about the integrity and its essentials. So, option d) is explaining about integrity that taught by our parents.
 
8). Answer: b)
Option b) is correct answer since in the paragraph is describing about the corruption and its influence in people’s life. So, option b) is opt for the blank since it gives the best start regarding corruption.
 
9). Answer: a)
Option a) is correct answer since the passage is explaining about the revolution in information by bit coins. So, option a) is explaining about bit coin’s use in business while others are explaining securities under bit coins.
 
10). Answer: d)
Option d) is correct answer since the passage is describing about the affection which is needed to be happy. So, option d) is explaining about affection and happiness.

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