English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-106)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-106):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

Click Here for More Important English Vocabulary from “The Economist” – Free PDF

The Hindu Editorial – 20.02.2018

Old friends

India must maintain its steady course of strengthening ties with Iran

In purely bilateral terms, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani’s visit to India was pitch perfect in content and optics. After his meeting with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India and Iran signed agreements and memorandums of understanding on a wide variety of issues. Among the announcements was the decision to award India the contract to operate the Chabahar Shahid Beheshti port terminal after the project is completed. While no announcement was made on the Farzad-B gas field  that  India has expressed  an  interest  in,  the joint  statement  indicates  that  positive  deliberations may follow. There were discussions on enhancing trade and investment and ease of doing business between India and Iran, including a double taxation avoidance agreement and an expert group to recommend “trade remedy measures”. Just before Mr. Rouhani’s visit, India announced it would allow Indian investment in Iran to be done in rupee terms. The concession, which has so far been extended only to Bhutan and Nepal, allows money lying in Indian banks as payment for imports from Iran, mostly oil, to be repatriated. Till now these funds have been blocked because international banks and insurance companies refuse to facilitate trade to Iran fearing further U.S. sanctions on Iranian entities. In turn, Iran is understood to have reversed last year’s decision to slash the credit period for oil payments from India, and issue more generous guidelines.  Mr. Modi and Mr. Rouhani also drew broad strokes highlighting the importance of bilateral ties between the two countries, stressing the strategic imperative for their growth. Mr. Modi called the talks “substantive and productive”, while thanking Mr. Rouhani for his leadership on regional connectivity. Mr. Rouhani endorsed India’s bid for a permanent seat at the UN Security Council with the veto, and praised India as a “living museum of religious diversity”. The joint statement issued contained tough language on the “sanctuaries for terrorism”, an issue important to both countries. But there is a broader global context to Mr. Rouhani’s visit and the red carpet rolled out by the Modi government. The visit came amid uncertainty over the U.S.’s next move on Iran, given the Trump administration’s line on the Iran nuclear deal. On the very day Mr. Modi and Mr. Rouhani met, U.S. National Security Adviser H.R.  McMaster asked countries  to  track  their  investments  in  Iran as these  might  be  supporting  terrorism  and  “murder across  the Middle  East”.  It will be important to see what, if any, implications the Indian overtures would have on India’s ties with the U.S. and its recently upgraded relations with Israel. However, it is crucial that India maintain a steady course on its strategic interests with Iran, a key source of energy, and as Mr. Modi put it, a “golden gateway” to Afghanistan and Central Asia.

Right behind?

Voters turn out in large numbers, as Tripura sees a rare challenge to the formidable LF

Voters in Tripura once again came out in large numbers for the Assembly election on Sunday, with initial estimates putting the turnout at almost 90%. This is close to the 91.82% turnout in the previous Assembly election in 2013 and more than the 84.72% for the 2014 Lok Sabha election. One explanation for these high figures is that the electorate is more organizationally mobilized than in other States. The CPI (M)-led Left Front has been in power in Tripura since 1993,  and  until  recently  another  victory  for  the  Left Front would have been regarded as a given. After all, the LF’s popularity had steadily increased in its years in power, peaking in 2013 with a 52.33% vote share and a harvest of 50 of the 60 Assembly seats. Its support base has encompassed both tribal and non-tribal regions of the small State. This is largely due to the good work done by the government in improving primary health and education in Tripura; as a result the State has improved its human development indices. Apart from the delivery of essential welfare services, the personal popularity of Chief Minister Manik Sarkar, who has been in office since 1998, has helped the LF retain power. But if pointers from the campaign phase are anything to go by, the Sarkar government seems to be facing a stiff challenge from the BJP, a non-player in the electoral area until now, sensing an opportunity to make good. Lack of diversification in a largely agrarian and forestry dominated economy and high unemployment levels among the youth have given the opposition some talking points. The BJP sought to tap what it believes is a latent yearning for change, through its slogan, “Chalo Paltai” (let us flip). After its triumph in Assam, the BJP has grown more confident of making serious inroads into the Northeast; its expansion in some of the States has been aided by a weakening of the Congress in the region. In Tripura, the BJP made no secret of attempting to occupy the opposition space by reaching out to traditional Congress voters. The shift of a large number of Congress legislators and candidates to the BJP is a result of the organizational decay in the former. The Congress had traditionally been stronger in the non-tribal regions and aligned with the ethnic tribal parties such as the Indigenous People’s Front of Tripura in its electoral challenges to the LF. The IPFT and other tribal groups have hitched their wagon to the BJP this time round. In trying to match the Left in terms of organisational muscle, the BJP banked on the RSS and the larger Parivar to provide it the heft it needed in the campaign. But the fact is that in the 2013 Assembly election, the BJP could win a mere 1.53% of the vote. It will have to register a spectacular increase in vote share to even be a strong opposition, let alone form the government.

 

1). Generous (Adjective)

Definition: (of a thing) larger or more plentiful than is usual or necessary

Synonyms: lavish, plentiful, copious, ample, liberal, munificent, bountiful, large, huge,  great

Usage: a generous helping of pasta


2). Imperative (Adjective)

Definition: of vital importance; crucial.

Synonyms:  vitally important, of vital importance, all-important, vital, crucial, critical,  essential

Usage: immediate action was imperative

 

3). Amid (Preposition)

Definition: surrounded by; in the middle of.

Synonyms:  in the middle of, surrounded by, among, amongst, between, in the thick of

Usage: our dream home, set amid magnificent rolling countryside

 

4). Implications (Noun)

Definition: the conclusion that can be drawn from something although it is not explicitly stated.

Synonyms: suggestion, inference, insinuation, innuendo, hint, intimation, imputation,  indication

Usage: the implication is that no one person at the bank is responsible

 

5). Encompassed (Verb)

Definition: surround and have or hold within.

Synonyms: surround, enclose, ring, encircle, circumscribe, skirt, bound, border, fringe

Usage: this area of London encompasses Piccadilly to the north and St James’s Park to the south

 

6). Stiff (Adjective)

Definition:  severe or strong.

Synonyms:  harsh, severe, hard, punitive, punishing, stringent, swingeing

Usage: they face stiff fines and a possible jail sentence

 

7). Ethnic (Adjective)

Definition: relating to a population subgroup (within a larger or dominant national or cultural group) with a common national or cultural tradition.

Synonyms:  racial, race-related, ethnological, genetic, inherited

Usage:  ethnic and cultural rights and traditions

 

8). Hitched (Verb)

Definition: move (something) into a different position with a jerk

Synonyms:  pull, jerk, hike, lift, raise

Usage: she hitched up her skirt and ran

 

9). Wagon (Noun)

Definition: a vehicle used for transporting goods or another specified purpose

Synonyms: vehicle, car, carriage

Usage: a timber wagon

 

10). Heft (Verb)

Definition:  the weight of someone or something

Synonyms: weight, mass

Usage:  he was buckle-kneed from the heft of his staggering load

 

11). Mere (Adjective)

Definition:  used to emphasize how small or insignificant someone or something is

Synonyms: trifling, meagre, bare, trivial, paltry, basic, scant, scanty, skimpy, minimal,

slender

Usage: questions that cannot be answered by mere mortals

 

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