Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Clutch (Verb) – पकड़
Definition: grasp (something) tightly.
Synonyms: grip, grasp, clasp, cling to, hang on to, clench, hold
Usage: he stood clutching a microphone
2). Purge (Noun) – परिशोध
Definition: an abrupt or violent removal of a group of people.
Synonyms: removal, expulsion, ejection, exclusion, eviction, clearance, clear-out, discharge
Usage: the savagery of government’s political purges
3). Propaganda (Noun) – प्रचार प्रसार
Definition: information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view.
Synonyms: information, promotion, advertising, advertisement, publicity, advocacy
Usage: he was charged with distributing enemy propaganda
4). Rogue (Noun) – दुष्ट आदमी
Definition: a dishonest or unprincipled man.
Synonyms: scoundrel, villain, reprobate, rascal, good-for-nothing, wretch
Usage: you are a rogue and an embezzler
5). Colluded (Verb) – सांठगांठ करना
Definition: come to a secret understanding; conspire.
Synonyms: conspire, connive, intrigue, be hand in glove, plot, participate in a conspiracy
Usage: the president accused his opponents of colluding with foreigners
6). Manoeuvres (Noun) – युद्धाभ्यास
Definition: a movement or series of moves requiring skill and care.
Synonyms: operation, exercise, activity, move, movement, action
Usage: snowboarders performed daring manoeuvres on precipitous slopes
7). Exacerbate (Verb) – ख़राब करना
Definition: make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse.
Synonyms: aggravate, make worse, worsen, inflame, compound
Usage: the exorbitant cost of land in urban areas only exacerbated the problem
8). Eschew (Verb) – त्याग करना
Definition: deliberately avoid using; abstain from.
Synonyms: abstain from, refrain from, give up, forgo, forswear, shun, renounce, swear off, abjure
Usage: he appealed to the crowd to eschew violence
9). Savvy (Adjective) – सामान्य बुद्धिवाला
Definition: shrewd and knowledgeable; having common sense and good judgement.
Synonyms: shrewd, astute, sharp-witted, sharp, acute, intelligent, clever, canny, media-savvy
Usage: Bob is a savvy veteran who knows all the tricks
10). Meddling (Verb) – दखल देना
Definition: interfere in something that is not one’s concern.
Synonyms: interfere, butt in, intrude, intervene, interlope, pry, poke, nose, busybody
Usage: I don’t want him meddling in our affairs
11). Divisive (Adjective) – बाँटनेवाला
Definition: tending to cause disagreement or hostility between people.
Synonyms: alienating, estranging, isolating, schismatic
Usage: the highly divisive issue of abortion
12). Indulged (Verb) – लिप्त होना
Definition: allow oneself to enjoy the pleasure of.
Synonyms: wallow in, give oneself up to, give way to, yield to, abandon oneself to, give rein to
Usage: we indulged in a cream tea
13). Agitations (Noun) – आंदोलन
Definition: a state of anxiety or nervous excitement.
Synonyms: anxiety, perturbation, disquiet, distress, concern, trouble, alarm, worry, upset
Usage: she was wringing her hands in agitation
14). Refurbish (Verb) – नवीनीकरण
Definition: renovate and redecorate (something, especially a building).
Synonyms: renovate, recondition, rehabilitate, revamp, make over, overhaul, restore, renew, develop, redevelop, rebuild, reconstruct, remodel
Usage: the premises have been completely refurbished in our corporate style
15). Dampener (Noun) – हतोत्साहित
Definition: a thing that has a restraining or subduing effect.
Synonyms: complainer, grouch, moaner.
Usage: television and booze, those twin dampeners of the revolutionary spirit
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