Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Bidders (Noun) – बोली लगाने वाला
Definition: a person or organization making a formal offer for something, especially at an auction.
Synonyms: Applicant, Aspirant, Competitor.
Usage: she was the highest bidder for this rare portrait
2). Lucrative (Adjective) – लाभप्रद
Definition: producing a great deal of profit.
Synonyms: profitable, profit-making, gainful, remunerative, moneymaking, paying, high-income, well paid
Usage: a lucrative career as a stand-up comedian
3). Bureaucrats (Noun) – नौकरशाह
Definition: an official in a government department, in particular one perceived as being concerned with procedural correctness at the expense of people’s needs.
Synonyms: official, administrator, office-holder, office-bearer, civil servant, public servant, government servant
Usage: the unemployed will be dealt with not by faceless bureaucrats but by individuals
4). Bugbears (Noun) – डरावना
Definition: a cause of obsessive fear, anxiety, or irritation
Synonyms: pet hate, hate, bane, irritant, irritation, dislike, anathema, aversion
Usage: the biggest villain is that adman’s bugbear, saturated fat
5). Ascertain (Verb) – पता लगाना
Definition: find (something) out for certain; make sure of.
Synonyms: find out, discover, get/come to know, work out, make out, fathom (out), become aware of
Usage: an attempt to ascertain the cause of the accident
6). Ousted (Verb) – बेदख़ल करना
Definition: drive out or expel (someone) from a position or place.
Synonyms: drive out, expel, force out, throw out, remove, remove from office/power, eject, get rid of
Usage: the reformists were ousted from power
7). Backlash (Noun) – प्रतिक्रिया
Definition: a strong negative reaction by a large number of people, especially to a social or political development.
Synonyms: adverse reaction/response, counteraction, counterblast, comeback, recoil
Usage: a public backlash against racism
8). Rendered (Verb) – प्रस्तुत करना
Definition: provide or give (a service, help, etc.).
Synonyms: give, provide, supply, furnish, make available, contribute
Usage: money serves as a reward for services rendered
9). Entrant (Noun) – शामिल होनेवाला
Definition: a person or group that enters or takes part in something.
Synonyms: new member, new arrival, beginner, newcomer, fresher, freshman, recruit
Usage: the prize will be awarded to the entrant who wins the tiebreak
10). Staunch (Adjective) – निष्ठावान
Definition: very loyal and committed in attitude.
Synonyms: stalwart, loyal, faithful, trusty, committed, devoted, dedicated, dependable
Usage: a staunch supporter of the anti-nuclear lobby
11). Charade (Noun) – शब्द पहेली
Definition: an absurd pretence intended to create a pleasant or respectable appearance.
Synonyms: farce, pantomime, travesty, mockery, parody, pretence, act, masquerade, sham
Usage: talk of unity was nothing more than a charade
12). Tumultuous (Adjective) – उतार चढ़ाव भरे
Definition: making an uproar or loud, confused noise.
Synonyms: loud, deafening, thunderous, thundering
Usage: tumultuous applause
13). Exhortations (Noun) – संबोधन
Definition: an address or communication emphatically urging someone to do something.
Synonyms: urging, encouragement, persuasion, pressure, pressurization, pushing,
Usage: exhortations to consumers to switch off electrical appliances
14). Cynicism (Noun) — कुटिलता
Definition: an inclination to believe that people are motivated purely by self-interest
Synonyms: scepticism, doubt, distrust, mistrust, doubtfulness, suspicion
Usage: public cynicism about politics
15). Hefty (Adjective) – पृष्ट
Definition: done with vigour or force.
Synonyms: powerful, violent, hard, forceful, heavy, vigorous, mighty
Usage: he aimed a hefty kick at the door
16). Acquittal (Noun) – दोषमुक्ति
Definition: a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.
Synonyms: absolution, clearing, exoneration, exculpation, declaration of innocence
Usage: the trial resulted in an acquittal