English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-73)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-73):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

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The Hindu Editorial – 09.01.2018

Data theft

The UIDAI exposé is another reminder of the need for a robust data protection law

Undercover investigations or so-called sting operations occupy a complex and problematical ethical space in journalism, but it is impossible to fault The Tribune’s exposé, published after accessing Aadhaar’s database of names, numbers and addresses. To begin with, the public interest — which lay in showing  how  easily  the  database  could  be  breached  and drawing attention to the existence of an organized racket to facilitate this — far outweighed, or more than compensated  for,  the  act  of unauthorized access,  in  this case secured on payment of a few hundred rupees. The investigation was written up in the best journalistic tradition — it focused on how the data were being mined for money, it did not leak any Aadhaar numbers or other details to establish this, and it sought and received a response from shocked officials of the Unique Identification Authority of India before going to print.  So it would have been a travesty of justice if The Tribune and the reporter who broke the story were treated as accused in the case where the charges include cheating under impersonation. It would have amounted to more than shooting the messenger. It would have constituted a direct attack on free public-spirited journalism and dissuaded attempts to hold public authorities and institutions accountable for shortcomings and promises. As for the FIR filled against the journalist, the UIDAI has clarified it needed to provide the full details of the incident to the police and that this did not mean “everyone mentioned in the FIR is a culprit…” In response to widespread disapproval of the prospect of a case being registered against the journalist, the Delhi police have belatedly clarified that they would focus on tracing those who sold the passwords to enable access to the information. Given the noisy hubbub and the misinformation about what was breached, it is perhaps important to stress that the encrypted Aadhaar biometric database has not been compromised. The UIDAI is correct in stating that mere information such as phone numbers and addresses (much of which is already available to telemarketers and others from other databases) cannot be misused without biometric data. The suggestion that the entire Aadhaar project has been compromised is therefore richly embroidered. But even so, it is obligatory for those who collect such  information — whether it is the government or a private player such as a mobile company — ought to see that it is secure and not used for purposes other than that for which it was collected. In this digital age, a growing pool of personal information that can be easily shared has become available to government and private entities. India does not have a legal definition of what constitutes personal information and lacks a robust and comprehensive data protection law. We need to have both quickly in place if the Supreme Court’s judgment according privacy the status of a fundamental right is to have any meaning.

Theatre of the absurd

Donald Trump’s response to a new book strengthens concern about his temperament

The office of the President of the United States took on the air of a Shakespearean farce as Fire and Fury, a tell-all, insider account of dysfunction, bitterness and chaos within the White House, was shot gunned across the Internet. Although the book was released on Friday, its author, Michael Wolff, and publishers, Henry Holt & Co., were perhaps taking no chances in disseminating it thus, given that Donald Trump had reacted furiously on Twitter to its impending release, and his lawyers reportedly sent them a cease-and-desist notice. Mr. Trump’s anger was evident when he earlier said that former White House strategist Steve Bannon, who allegedly provided much of the inputs used in the book, had “lost his mind” and had been “dumped like a dog”. Mr. Trump had uncharitable words for Mr. Wolff as well. It is relevant to ask what the book is and what it is not. In the view of most White House analysts, it is a collection of statements that amount to gossip by members of Mr. Trump’s inner coterie. It is not, according to many who cover the White House, a work of journalistic merit, or a rigorous factual account backed by catalogued evidence. Yet, even if one discounts many of the claims made in Fire and Fury, it paints an unmistakable picture of profound instability in Mr. Trump’s office. Consequently, the  debate  has  circled  back  to  the question  of  his  mental  health  and  his  ability  to  discharge the duties of his office. If he is found wanting in this regard, his Cabinet and Congress may, under the provisions of the U.S. Constitution’s 25th Amendment, remove him from office. Twenty-seven psychiatrists, including those from top universities, have described Mr. Trump’s mental state as “dangerous”; some have called for an emergency evaluation of his mental capacity. Mr.Trump’s weekend tweet that he was “a very stable genius” indicates that he is conscious of the growing clamor around the mental health question. Beyond this, however, what the embattled state — as described by the book — of White House functioning indicates is that Mr. Trump may not have expected to win the presidency  at all. And that he only joined in the race for the mind-boggling publicity — and by extension commercial gain — that it could bring him and the Trump Organization. This theory would indeed explain certain broad trends witnessed since his  inauguration,  including  a shortage of broad,  programmatic  or  ideological  approaches  to policy  issues and sudden policy shifts —particularly in the realm of foreign policy — which do not seem to  factor  in knock-on effects. Whatever the truth, this was the leader that the American electorate chose. The world must now live with the consequences of the decision.

1). Travesty (Noun)

Definition: distorted representation of something

Synonyms: misrepresentation, distortion, perversion, corruption

Usage: the absurdly lenient sentence is a travesty of justice

 

2). Dissuaded (Verb)

Definition: persuade (someone) not to take a particular course of action

Synonyms: discourage, deter, prevent, disincline, turn aside

Usage: his friends tried to dissuade him from flying

 

3). Belatedly (Adverb)

Definition: later than should have been the case

Synonyms: slowly, behind, tardily

Usage: the High Command had belatedly altered its tactics

 

4). Hubbub (Noun)

Definition: a chaotic din caused by a crowd of people.

Synonyms: noise, loud noise, din, racket, commotion, clamour

 Usage: a hubbub of laughter and shouting

 

5). Breached (Verb)

Definition: make a gap in and break through (a wall, barrier, or defence)

Synonyms: break (through), burst (through), rupture, force itself through, split

Usage: the river breached its bank

 

6). Disseminating (Verb)

Definition: spread (something, especially information) widely

Synonyms:  spread, circulate, distribute, disperse, diffuse, proclaim, promulgate

Usage: health authorities should foster good practice by disseminating information

 

7). Coterie (Noun)

Definition: a small group of people with shared interests or tastes, especially one that is exclusive of other people.

Synonyms:  clique, set, circle, inner circle, crowd, in-crowd, gang, band, pack, crew

Usage: a coterie of friends and advisers

 

8). Fury (Noun)

Definition: wild or violent anger.

Synonyms: rage, anger, wrath, passion, outrage, spleen, temper

Usage: Tears of fury and frustration

 

9). Embattled (Adjective)

Definition: (of a place or people) involved in or prepared for war, especially because surrounded by enemy forces.

Synonyms: fighting, beset, prepared

Usage: the embattled northern province

 

10). Clamour (Noun)

Definition: a loud and confused noise, especially that of people shouting

Synonyms: din, racket, loud noise, uproar, tumult, babel, shouting

Usage: the questions rose to a clamour

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