English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-74)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-74):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

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The Hindu Editorial – 10.01.2018

Question of equality

The Supreme Court has an opportunity to reconsider its 2013 order criminalising gay sex

The time has come to undo the judicial wrong done to homosexual individuals in 2013, when the Supreme Court upheld the validity of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, which criminalises gay sex. A reconsideration of the flawed verdict in Suresh Kumar Koushal is now in prospect. A three-judge Bench has opened up an opportunity to reconsider that verdict, which came to the disturbing conclusion that the LGBT community was just a “minuscule fraction” of the population and also ruled that those having sexual intercourse “against the order of nature” constituted a separate class on which the law could validly impose penal sanctions. Although the matter is already before a Constitution Bench by way of a curative petition against the earlier judgment, the latest order is on a fresh petition challenging Section 377. It draws from the observations in the nine-judge Bench judgment in the ‘right to privacy’ case. The majority observed in Justice K.S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India that “equality demands that the sexual orientation of each individual in society must be protected on an even platform. The right to privacy and the protection of sexual orientation lie at the core of the fundamental rights guaranteed by Articles 14, 15 and 21 of the Constitution.” The Bench has rightly observed that social morality changes from age to age, that “the morality that public perceives, the Constitution may not conceive of,” and that what is “natural to one may not be natural to another”. Thus, there is fresh hope that the Delhi High Court judgment of 2009, which read down Section 377 to decriminalise consensual sex between adults, may be restored. Ever since the court, in National Legal Services

Authority v. Union of India (2014), concerning the rights of transgender persons, questioned the Koushal reasoning, there has been a body of jurisprudence that sees gender identity and sexual orientation as an aspect of privacy, personal freedom and dignity. It is not yet clear if the present petition and the curative petition will be heard together. A curative petition is normally allowed only on the limited grounds of violation of principles of natural justice and circumstances suggesting possible bias on the part of judges. In contrast, the latest petition has paved the way for a comprehensive hearing on all dimensions of the right of individuals to a firm their sexual orientation. In this, the court must not confine itself to the issue of privacy, but also address the discrimination inherent in Section 377 on the basis of sexual orientation. The formulation in Koushal that constitutional protection is not available to a tiny fraction of the population can be overturned only on the touchstone of Article 14, which protects the right to equality.

Avoiding roadkill

Roads must be kept out of wildlife corridors to protect tigers and other animals

The tragic death of Bajirao, one of India’s breeding tigers from the Bor reserve in Maharashtra, on a highway is a reminder that building unsuitable roads through wildlife habitats has a terrible cost. Losing a charismatic tiger in its prime to a hit-and-run accident is an irony, given that it is one of the most protected species. Successive Prime Ministers have personally monitored its status. Yet, the fate of the big cat, and that of so many other animals such as leopards, bears, deer, snakes, amphibians, butterflies and birds that end up as roadkill, highlights the contradictions in development policy. It is inevitable that new roads are built, but good scientific advice to keep them out of wildlife corridors is mostly ignored. The sensible response to the growing number of roadkills should be to stop road construction in wildlife habitat and reassess the impact. After all, protected areas are just 4% of the land. India is committed to such an approach under Article 14 of the Convention on Biological Diversity. The Centre and the National Highways Authority of India have been repeatedly advised by the National Board for Wildlife, as well as independent researchers, to realign or modify sensitive roads. They should heed their sound advice. An assessment by the Wildlife Institute of India states that tigers in at least 26 reserves face the destructive impact of roads and traffic. The National Tiger Conservation Authority should insist on modification of existing roads to provide crossings for animals at locations identified in various studies. A more robust approach would be to realign the roads away from all such landscapes.

Users can be asked to pay a small price for the protection of vital environmental features, and more areas for nature tourism can also raise revenues. This would ensure that tigers and other animals are not isolated, and can disperse strong genetic traits to other populations. In one well-studied case of two populations of breeding tigers in the Kanha-Pench corridor, which also forms part of the sensitive central Indian belt, scientists commissioned by the Environment Ministry found that a national highway could block flow of genes between regions. The remedy suggested for NH7 was a combination of realignment and creation of long underpasses for animal movement. That is the sustainable way forward, and the Centre should order the modifications without delay wherever they are needed. It would be consistent with the Wildlife Action Plan 2002-2016 announced by Atal Bihari Vajpayee as Prime Minister. Also, curbs should be imposed on traffic on existing roads passing through sanctuaries. This can be done using speed restraints and by allowing only escorted convoys, with a ban on private vehicular movement at night. Restrictions should be applicable to religious tourism as well. Without a determined effort, roadkill will severely diminish India’s conservation achievements.

1). Flawed (Adjective)

Definition: having or characterized by a fundamental weakness or imperfection

Synonyms: unsound, defective, faulty,  distorted,  inaccurate,  incorrect,  erroneous,  imprecise

Usage: a fatally flawed strategy


2). Verdict (Noun)

Definition: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.

Synonyms: judgement, adjudication, adjudgement, decision, finding, ruling, resolution

Usage: the jury returned a verdict of not guilty


3). Curative (Adjective)

Definition: able to cure disease

Synonyms: healing, therapeutic, medicinal, remedial, curing, corrective

Usage: the curative properties of herbs


4). Inherent (Adjective)

Definition: existing in something as a permanent, essential, or characteristic attribute

Synonyms: intrinsic, innate, immanent, built-in, inborn, ingrained, deep-rooted

Usage: any form of mountaineering has its inherent dangers


5). Charismatic (Adjective)

Definition: exercising a compelling charm which inspires devotion in others

Synonyms: charming, fascinating, full of personality, strong in character

Usage: He was a charismatic figure with great appeal to the public


6). Inevitable (Adjective)

Definition: certain to happen; unavoidable

Synonyms: unavoidable, inescapable, bound to happen, sure to happen

Usage: war was inevitable


7). Escorted (Verb)

Definition: Accompany (someone or something) somewhere as an escort

Synonyms: conduct, accompany, guide, convoy, lead, usher, shepherd, take

Usage: he escorted her back to her hotel


8). Heed (Verb)

Definition: pay attention to; take notice of

Synonyms: pay attention to, take notice of, take note of, pay heed to, be heedful of, attend to, listen to, notice, note, pay regard to

Usage: He should have heeded the warnings


9). Jurisprudence (Noun)

Definition: the theory or philosophy of law.

Usage: American jurisprudence


10). Perceives (Verb)

Definition: become aware or conscious of (something); come to realize or understand

Synonyms: discern, recognize, become cognizant of, become aware of, become conscious of, get/come to know, tell, distinguish, grasp, understand

Usage: his mouth fell open as he perceived the truth

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