English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-75)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-75):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

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The Hindu Editorial – 11.01.2018

Not by diktat alone

Supreme Court does right to make playing of the national anthem before a lm optional

By making it optional for cinema halls to play the national anthem before every show, the Supreme Court has at last removed the coercive element it had unfortunately introduced by an interim order in November 2016. Laying down a judicial rule that the anthem must be played on certain occasions in specific places, in the absence of any statutory provision to this effect, was unnecessary and opened the court to charges of over reach. With the Centre saying this directive could be placed on hold, and that it would set up an inter ministerial committee to recommend regulations for the presentation of the national anthem, the court has said it is not mandatory to play it in cinema halls. The panel will also suggest changes in the Prevention of Insults to National Honour Act, 1971, or in the Orders relating to the anthem issued from time to time. Justice  D.Y. Chandrachud, one of the three judges on the Bench, had at an earlier hearing doubted the wisdom of asking patrons of cinema to visibly demonstrate their patriotism each time they entered a theatre to watch a lm, remarking that there was no need for an Indian to “wear his patriotism on his sleeve”. He had asked at what point would such “moral policing” stop if it were to be prescribed that some kinds of apparel should not be worn at the movies as they could amount to showing disrespect to the national anthem. The court’s order also had some unintended, but not unforeseen, consequences. The audience began looking for signs of ‘disrespect’ and there were reports of vigilantism, with people beaten up or harangued for not standing up. Even those who contend that “constitutional patriotism” and the demonstration of respect for the national anthem require the framing of such mandatory measures cannot explain why cinema houses should be singled out or why such rules shouldn’t apply to other halls or enclosures where meetings and performances take place. This is not to suggest that symbols of national honour are undeserving of respect. Neither is it to question the idea that citizens must show due respect whenever the anthem is played or the flag is displayed. But as the Bench has pointed out, “the prescription of the place or occasion has to be made by the executive keeping in view the concept of fundamental duties provided under the Constitution and the law.” In a mature democracy, there is really no need for any special emphasis, much less any judicial direction, on the occasion and manner in which citizens ought to display and demonstrate their patriotism. If rules are needed for the purpose, it is for Parliament to prescribe them by law. As subscribers to common democratic ideals, citizens should be presumed to have a natural respect for symbols of national honour, and should not have to be made unwilling participants in a coercive project.

Visa heartache

Fears of Indians being deported from the U.S. over the H1B visa may be alarmist

The United States’ H1B visa has for decades been a source of nail-biting tension in India. The latest case in point was a scare that President Donald Trump’s administration was toying with the idea of new regulations that would restrict extension of the visa by those awaiting a green card. Leaving aside technical reasons why such regulations may not take off, the contentious history of the H1B visa should have given pause to alarmist claims between 500,000 and 750,000 Indians in the U.S. would have to “self deport”. The majority of the 65,000 H1B regular cap visas and 20,000 H1B advanced degree visas made available each year are scooped up by Indian nationals, many assimilated into the backbone of the U.S. tech industry. Nevertheless, given the number of times that protectionist rhetoric has identified this visa category as a soft target, and the relatively high frequency of spikes in political pressure to protect American jobs, one would expect a more nuanced reaction than unbridled panic. In the past, even during the Obama administration, the bipartisan Comprehensive Immigration Reform plan called for the tightening of qualifying conditions for the H1B visa. As recently as 2017, four bills were tabled in the U.S. Congress mooting new proposals to clamp down on H1B visas. None came to fruition. The last salvo was Mr. Trump’s executive order in April, which was accompanied by much fist-banging but ultimately only called for modest changes, mainly a multiagency study on what reforms are required. The apparently endless cycles of heartache over the H1B visa stem from a fundamental reality: that the visa itself is designed to be a nonimmigrant entry ticket into the U.S. economy, but over time it has metamorphosed into a virtual pathway to permanent residency and citizenship, particularly in the case of Indian nationals. The most important reason for this is that most of these “speciality occupation” workers  primarily experts in fields such as IT, finance, accounting, and STEM subjects — fill a real void in the U.S. labour force. It is not only Indian tech firms whose employees get awarded H1B visas, but it is to a great extent a visa that Silicon Valley giants such as Microsoft, Intel, Amazon, Facebook and Qualcomm rely on for their staffing needs. Thus, there is a self-limiting dimension to any reform that purports to slash H1B allocations, so that no President or lawmaker would want to be seen as causing economic pain to the companies on whose coattails the U.S.’s reputation as a global tech leader rides. Indian policymakers, who appear to be aware of this subtle truth, should focus their efforts on quiet backchannel lobbying, and eschew kneejerk reactions every time the “Buy American, Hire American” rhetoric echoes in Washington.

1). Coercive (Adjective)

Definition: relating to or using force or threats

Synonyms: violence, forced,intimidating

Usage:  coercive measures

 

2). Patrons (Noun)

Definition: a person who gives financial or other support to a person, organization, or cause

Synonyms: sponsor, backer, financier, subsidizer, underwriter

Usage: a celebrated patron of the arts

 

3). vigilantism (Noun)

Definition: law enforcement undertaken without legal authority by a self-appointed group of people

Synonyms:  revenger redresser, righter, requiter

Usage: The message here is not to encourage vigilantism

 

4). Harangued (Verb)

Definition:  lecture (someone) at length in an aggressive and critical manner.

Synonyms: deliver a tirade to, rant at, lecture, hold forth to, preach to, pontificate to, sermonize to

Usage: he harangued the public on their ignorance

 

5). Presumed (Verb)

Definition: suppose that something is the case on the basis of probability

Synonyms: assume, suppose, dare say, imagine, take it, expect, believe, think

Usage: I presumed that the man had been escorted from the building

 

6). Rhetoric (Noun)

Definition: the art of effective or persuasive speaking or writing, especially the exploitation of figures of speech and other compositional techniques

Synonyms: oratory, eloquence, power of speech, command of language, expression

Usage: He is using a common figure of rhetoric, hyperbole

 

7). Nuanced (Adjective)

Definition: characterized by subtle shades of meaning or expression

Synonyms: fine distinction, subtle distinction/difference, shade

Usage: Lowe’s work has gradually grown more nuanced

 

8). Unbridled (Adjective)

Definition: uncontrolled; unconstrained

Synonyms: unrestrained, unconstrained, uncontrolled, uninhibited, unrestricted, unchecked

Usage: a moment of unbridled ambition

 

9). Salvo (Noun)

Definition: a simultaneous discharge of artillery or other guns in a battle

Synonyms: bombardment, cannonade, drumbeat

Usage: a deafening salvo of shots rang out

 

10). Eschew (Verb)

Definition: deliberately avoid using; abstain from

Synonyms: abstain from, refrain from, give up, forgo, forswear, shun, renounce

Usage: He appealed to the crowd to eschew violence

 

11).Knee-Jerk (Adjective)

Definition: reacting in a readily predictable way

Synonyms: impulse, automatic, involuntary

Usage: Labor created Knee-Jerk moment

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