English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-81)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-81):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

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The Hindu Editorial – 19.01.2018

Dual duty

States have a twin responsibility: to protect free speech and preserve law and order

The state cannot choose between protecting freedom of expression and preserving law and order. It has a duty to do both. This is the core message of the Supreme Court order staying the notifications and decisions of four States to prohibit the screening of the film Padmaavat, and directing them to ensure that law and order is maintained during its exhibition. Gujarat and Rajasthan have notified a ban, while Haryana and Madhya Pradesh have indicated they would follow suit. What troubled the court was that creative freedom could be so easily prohibited by the state citing a possible risk to public order. It needs no reiteration that summary bans on films violate the freedom of speech and expression enshrined in Article 19(1)(a) of the Constitution. Such a right is subject to reasonable restrictions on some grounds, including public order. However, the use of the threat of violence and other forms of intimidation cannot give the state an oblique reason to stifle fundamental freedoms by voicing apprehensions and invoking its powers to maintain peace. In the past, the Supreme Court has made it clear that it cannot give anyone a virtual veto over a certificate issued by the Central Board of Film Certification, a statutory body, by threatening violence. The court has reiterated that the

grant of a certificate by the CBFC denudes the state of the power to prevent the exhibition of a film. The interim order, which paves the way for Padmaavat to be released on January 25, is in line with a series of judicial decisions. In S. Rangarajan v. P. Jagjivan Ram (1989), the Supreme Court said the state cannot plead inability to handle the problem of a hostile audience as that “would be tantamount to negation of the rule of law and a surrender to blackmail and intimidation.” In Prakash Jha Productions. Union of India (2011), it reiterated that it is the state’s duty to maintain law and order. In the current controversy, the filmmakers agreed to change its name from Padmavati  to Padmaavat. The new title indicates it is based on a medieval poem on a legendary Rajput queen and not any historical personality. They also agreed to several cuts suggested by a special panel formed by the CBFC. If even after these concessions the protestors are allowed to obtain a ban, it would undoubtedly amount to a base surrender to blackmail and intimidation. It would be a taint on the country’s record of protecting free speech if a film with admittedly no claim to historical accuracy is banned on the mere pretext that some people, who have not even seen it, find it offensive. The Supreme Court has indicated where the constitutional duty of State governments lies. It is now up to them to live up to that expectation.

Three States

Tripura, Nagaland and Meghalaya go to polls in a changing political landscape

The three States going to the polls in February are among the smaller ones in the country, but their political significance should not be underestimated. Tripura is the only State other than Kerala where the Communist Party of India (Marxist) is in power, and the election will test the popularity of Manik Sarkar, one of the longest-serving Chief Ministers. The State has traditionally had a high turnout, with more than 90% of the electorate casting a vote in the 2013 election. Tripura has witnessed an improvement in several social indices — it is almost fully literate, has lowered the infant mortality rate, and has a high overall rank on the human development index despite being a largely agrarian and forestry-dominated economy.  The CPI(M)’s long reign in Tripura may have seen the end of tribal insurgency and an improvement in social indices, but the

party will also be tested by public opinion on the underside of Tripura’s economy — relatively high unemployment and the lack of diversification. The party will also face a new test inasmuch as the Congress has been replaced by the BJP as the principal opposition party. The BJP has focussed on wooing and winning over the tribal population, which constitutes 32% of the total population. Given this, it is possible that it will team up with the Indigenous Nationalist Party of Twipra despite differences over the latter’s demand for a state of Tipraland to be carved out of Tripura’s tribal areas. In  Nagaland,  the  ruling  Nagaland  People’s  Front (NPF) has had a turbulent year with Chief Minister T.R.Zeliang returning to power in July 2017 after being ousted a few months earlier over reservations in urban local bodies. The factional battle within the NPF was brought to a partial resolution with an agreement between supporters of Mr. Zeliang and his predecessor, Shurhozelie Liezietsu, in December. But the rupture has raised the hopes of the opposition, particularly the BJP. The Naga Framework Agreement and the role of the apex Naga tribal body, the Naga Hoho, which has called for an electoral boycott, also loom large. How this will affect the polls will be watched. The Congress is fighting to retain Meghalaya, one of only four States where it is in power. Chief Minister Mukul Sangma, in power for almost eight uninterrupted years, will be hard-selling the plank of stability.  However, Meghalaya, like other northeastern States, is largely dependent on Central funds, and these States tend to favour parties that wield power at the Centre. The BJP, with virtually no presence  here,  is  banking  on  this  hope  and  leaving  no stone unturned. In doing so it may depend on Conrad

K.Sangma’s National People’s Party, which is contesting independently but is part of the NDA at the Centre. While these elections may not be a barometer of the overall political mood, they will decide whether the BJP’s hope of expanding its footprint will be achieved.

 

1). Reiteration (Noun)

Definition: the action of repeating something, typically for emphasis or clarity

Synonyms:  Echo, Renew, Repeat.

Usage: the reiteration of his campaign promise to cut taxes

 

2). Apprehensions (Noun)

Definition: anxiety or fear that something bad or unpleasant will happen

Synonyms: anxiety, angst, alarm, worry, uneasiness, unease, nervousness

Usage: he felt sick with apprehension

 

3). Intimidation (Noun)

Definition: the action of intimidating someone, or the state of being intimidated

Synonyms: frightening, menacing, terrifying, scaring, alarming, terrorization

Usage: the intimidation of witnesses and jurors

 

4). Taint (Noun)

Definition: a trace of a bad or undesirable substance or quality

Synonyms: trace, touch, suggestion, hint, tinge, tincture

Usage: the lingering taint of creosote  

 

5). Inasmuch (Adverb)

Definition: to the extent that; in so far as

Synonyms:  Because, Since, While

Usage: These provisions apply only inasmuch as trade between Member States is affected

 

6). Turbulent (Adjective)

Definition: characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm

Synonyms: tempestuous, stormy, unstable, unsettled, tumultuous, explosive

Usage: the country’s turbulent history

 

7). Apex (Noun)

Definition: the highest point of achievement; a climax.

Synonyms: climax, culmination, culminating point, apotheosis

Usage: the apex of his career was in 1966 when he hoisted aloft the World Cup for England

                

8). Wield (Verb)

Definition: hold and use (a weapon or tool)

Synonyms: brandish, flourish, wave, twirl, display, flaunt, hold aloft

Usage: a masked raider wielding a handgun

 

9). Diversification (Noun)

Definition: the action of making or becoming more diverse or varied

Synonyms: different, diverse

Usage: growers should start planning diversification of crops

 

10). Offensive (Adjective)

Definition: causing someone to feel resentful, upset, or annoyed

Synonyms: insulting, rude, derogatory, disrespectful, hurtful, wounding, abusive

Usage: the allegations made are deeply offensive to us

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