Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-82):
Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
On a new keel
With Benjamin Netanyahu’s visit, India and Israel have fully normalized bilateral ties
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s visit to India this week was the final step in the process of fully normalising the bilateral relationship. That process began in 1992 when India established diplomatic ties with Israel, with major milestones in 2003 when Ariel Sharon became the first Israeli Prime Minister to visit India, in 2015 when President Pranab Mukherjee visited Israel, and in 2017 when Narendra Modi became the first Indian Prime Minister to visit Israel. With Mr.Netanyahu’s six-day visit, the focus is now on the future, and their joint statement drew a 25-year timeline in which to realise the potential of the strategic partnership. The close personal equation between the two leaders was evident throughout the visit, with Mr. Modi hosting Mr. and Ms.Netanyahu in Gujarat, where they flew kites and took part in a roadshow. Mr.Netanyahu also made the traditional trip to the Taj Mahal, and a symbolic journey to Mumbai’s Chabad House, one of the sites of the 26/11 terror attacks where Israeli citizens were among those killed. On business, Mr. Modi welcomed Israeli partnership in Indian manufacturing, pointing to the winning combination of an India that has “size and scale” and an Israel that has “sharpness and edge”. Mr. Netanyahu’s case, made at a speech inaugurating the Foreign Ministry’s annual Raisina Dialogue, was that the two countries have a “natural partnership” and a “natural friendship” that also caters to their need for hard power. With a relationship that is more open, India has also decided to have a more honest conversation with Israel on the peace process. While the Modi-Netanyahu meeting in July 2017 had practically brushed aside the Israel Palestine peace process, the joint statement issued on Monday in New Delhi “reaffirmed their support for an early resumption of peace talks between Israelis and Palestinians”. This indicates that the two Prime Ministers had a deeper conversation on the issue this time, including India’s vote at the UN against the decision of the United States to recognise Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Mr. Modi is expected to visit Ramallah as well as meet Jordan’s King Abdullah II, who as the custodian of the holy sites in Jerusalem is leading peace efforts in the Arab world, and is due in New Delhi shortly. This would take forward India’s commitment to assisting in finding a just solution for the conflict. It will require using the leverage India has built over the decades among Israelis and Palestinians in order to join global and regional powers in pushing them back to the negotiating table. It will also involve challenging Mr. Netanyahu’s contention that struck a jarring note in his otherwise successful visit. He said: “The weak don’t survive. The strong survive. You make peace with the strong. You ally with the strong.” India must stick to its strategy of strengthening ties with Israel without damaging its commitment to the West Asian peace process, and build its friendships and alignments in a way that goes beyond an appraisal of strengths and weaknesses.
The away challenge
Virat Kohli’s Test team is still to prove its credentials on difficult overseas tours
The familiar free-fall outside the Indian subcontinent has returned to haunt Virat Kohli’s men. In the two Tests of the current three-match series in South Africa, India lost a closely-fought game by 72 runs at Cape Town and then collapsed to a 135-run defeat in the next clash in Centurion. Trailing 0-2 and helming a unit searching for batting cohesion, skipper Kohli has to cope with a tough challenge. He sparkled with a 153 in the second Test but, as it used to happen during Sachin Tendulkar’s heyday in the 1990s, that proved to be a fine but futile effort in a lost cause. The stench of defeat is an unfamiliar odour for the national cricket team, with Kohli’s troops performing splendidly over the last two years. Yet, it would be prudent to accept that the cloak of invincibility was donned at home where rivals ranging from Australia to Bangladesh were humbled, and when India travelled, it was to secure overwhelming triumphs against weak opposition teams such as Sri Lanka and the West Indies. There is no denying the strengths of this team but it is a fact that since the last tour of Australia in the 2014-15 season, India largely played in its backyard and was never tested. The reputations of a player and team are burnished by gritty performances abroad and against quality opposition. For instance, Rahul Dravid often conjures up visions of his mind-boggling batting in the 2003 Adelaide Test that India won. Kohli and company have an opportunity to script similar milestones in the next 12months, in the Test series in England and Australia. Before that, the squad has to clean up the mess it finds itself within South Africa. The opening slots, often a merry-go-round between M. Vijay, Shikhar Dhawan and K.L. Rahul, need to be sorted out. There is also the tumult over omitting vice-captain Ajinkya Rahane, with the captain preferring Rohit Sharma. The latter may be exemplary in abridged versions, but in the longest format he has failed to ignite his luminous talent. It doesn’t help that Kohli has had to constantly shuffle his squad over the last 34 Tests. Coach Ravi Shastri has proclaimed that his wards can collectively do things that no other Indian team has done in the past — a recognition perhaps of its inherent talent. But India can excel in England and Australia only if the threats posed by their fast bowlers are fended off. The number one Test side is set to be asked some tough questions, and the way it responds to them will shape assessments of Kohli’s performance as a captain.
1). Reaffirmed (Verb)
Definition: state again strongly
Synonyms: Advocate, acknowledge, argue, assert.
Usage: the prime minister reaffirmed his commitment to the agreement
2). Jarring (Adjective)
Definition: incongruous in a striking or shocking way; clashing.
Synonyms: jolt, jerk, shake, vibrate, bang
Usage: the telephone struck a jarring note in those Renaissance surroundings
3). Haunt (Verb)
Definition: (of a ghost) manifest itself at (a place) regularly
Synonyms: appear in, materialize in.
Usage: a grey lady who haunts the chapel
4). Splendidly (Adverb)
Definition: in a magnificent or very impressive manner
Synonyms: Beautifully, Elegantly, gorgeously, grandly.
Usage: the ceiling is splendidly decorated
5). Invincibility (Noun)
Definition: the quality of being too powerful to be defeated or overcome
Synonyms: powerful, Strong, inviolable.
Usage: he gave off an aura of invincibility
6). Rivals (Noun)
Definition: a person or thing competing with another for the same objective or for superiority in the same field of activity.
Synonyms: competitor, opponent, contestant, contender, challenger
Usage: he has no serious rival for the job
7). Squad (Noun)
Definition: a small group of people having a particular task.
Synonyms: group, gang, band, body, crew, team, mob, crowd, outfit
Usage: an assassination squad
8). Tumult (Noun)
Definition: a loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large mass of people.
Synonyms: din, loud noise, racket, uproar, commotion, ruckus, rumpus, hubbub
Usage: a tumult of shouting and screaming broke out
Definition: shorten (a book, film, speech, etc.) without losing the sense
Synonyms: shorten, cut, cut short/down, curtail, truncate, lessen, trim, crop
Usage: an abridged text of his speech
10). Fended (Verb)
Definition: look after and provide for oneself, without any help from others.
Synonyms: take care of oneself, look after oneself, provide for oneself, shift for oneself
Usage: she left her 14-year-old daughter to fend for herself
/ 5. Reviews