English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-84)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-84):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

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The Hindu Editorial – 23.01.2018

Two States

The vote against an alliance with the Congress exposes divisions within the CPI(M) on tactics

By adopting a draft resolution against any electoral alliance or understanding with the Congress, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) privileged a long-term political/ideological view over compelling short-term electoral calculations. The CC voted 55-31 for the resolution, backed by former general secretary Prakash Karat but opposed by current general secretary Sitaram Yechury. Those opposed to the resolution and in favour of an understanding with the Congress may well believe that there is no success in the long term without survival in the short term.  In West Bengal, they would argue, the CPI(M) needs the Congress more than the Congress needs the CPI(M). However, despite the resolution finding Mr. Karat and Mr.Yechury on opposite sides, this was essentially a difference over tactics. It was not so much the result of any ideological confusion about goals as it was of practical differences on how to achieve them. Crucial to the differences over the tactical line are the political complexities in two States where the CPI(M) is strong, Kerala and West  Bengal.  As the Congress remains the CPI(M)’s principal rival in Kerala, the State unit is opposed to any understanding with it in an environment where the BJP is  not  a  contender. In Bengal, where the Trinamool Congress is the main rival and where the BJP is gathering strength through communal mobilisation, the CPI (M) unit views the Congress less as a foe. In the 2016 Assembly election, large sections of the Bengal unit successfully pushed for an alliance with the Congress. Although the CPI(M) fared worse then than in 2011, it is difficult to determine whether the alliance won the Left Front more seats than it might otherwise have got. Those supporting a broad-based understanding with the Congress will hope that the decision is reversed at the Party Congress, a body with a larger and more diverse composition. But such an outcome could actually sharpen divisions within the CPI(M),  given  the overwhelming support the draft resolution received in both the CC and the Polit Bureau. The West Bengal election is a whole three years away and there will be opportunities for the party to review political tactics in accordance with the political situation, in the event it chooses to. There has been a lot said about what the CPI(M)’s decision means for opposition unity in the 2019 general election, but the fact is that Kerala can be won only by a Congress led or a CPI(M)-led  front and  it  is not clear what impact a Congress-CPI(M) electoral understanding will have in West Bengal. At the same time, the party is not constrained, post election, by the resolution in engaging with an opposition grouping if the situation so demands.

Locked down

The government shutdown in the U.S. could hurt both Republicans and Democrats

Last week, the 19th federal government shutdown in U.S. history went into force. If previous occasions are any indication, this shutdown will also lead to the furlough of many hundreds of thousands of government workers, closure of national parks with a potential loss of hundreds of millions of dollars in revenue, and a possible overall macroeconomic cost of several billions of dollars in terms of productivity loss associated with the cessation of multiple public services. This encore is entirely preventable and the seismic payment default can be traced back to one inescapable reality in Washington: congressional dysfunction stemming from bitterly partisan politicking. A federal shutdown occurs when lawmakers fail to agree on a spending bill, and cannot even sign off on a stopgap funding measure that might keep the government machinery humming for a few more months. In this case, the bill in question would have helped tide over a looming fiscal gap at least until the middle of February. Yet that did not happen, because Republicans refused to compromise on a hardliner approach on immigration policy, specifically on Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), the Obama-era clemency policy for foreign born children of U.S.-based undocumented workers. That policy was ended in September 2017 when President Donald Trump revoked his predecessor’s executive order to protect these children, the so-called DREAMers, from deportation. This apparently rattled Democratic lawmakers to the point where they were willing to make a stopgap budget deal, contingent on Congress agreeing to legislation to shield nearly 700,000 of these law-abiding youngsters from removal. With dark clouds on Capitol Hill overshadowing the first anniversary of Mr. Trump’s presidency, he has reiterated his call for strong border security and a crackdown on “illegal immigrants”.  Interestingly, a recent CNN poll suggested 84% of Americans want DACA extended. But a government shutdown is likely to cut both ways, hurting the prospects of those on both sides of the aisle seeking re-election in the November 2018 midterm election. Voters may well consider Democrats to be obstructionist, or as putting undocumented workers ahead of national security. And Republicans may lose votes for failing to keep the government working despite controlling the Senate, House of Representatives and the White House. Regardless of who wins in that election, the debate on immigration reform will continue. Too much is at stake for not only the nearly 11.3 million undocumented workers but also the nearly 1.5million temporary foreign workers, among whom are 500,000 to 700,000 H-1B visa holders, the majority of them from India. For, when Congress finally transcends its partisan biases and legislates a comprehensive immigration reform package, it will likely introduce a revised policy for each of the visa categories.

 

1). Rival (Noun)

Definition: be or seem to be equal or comparable to.

Synonyms:  compete with, vie with, match, be a match for, equal, emulate

Usage: the efficiency of the Bavarians rivals that of the Viennese

 

2). Foe (Noun)

Definition: an enemy or opponent

Synonyms: enemy, adversary, opponent, rival, nemesis, antagonist, combatant

Usage: his work was praised by friends and foes alike

 

3). Furlough (Noun)

Definition: leave of absence,  especially that granted to a member of the services or a missionary

Synonyms: liberty leave.

Usage: a civil servant home on furlough

 

4). Cessation (Noun)

Definition: the fact or process of ending or being brought to an end

Synonyms: end, ending, termination, stopping, halting, ceasing, finish, finishing

Usage: The cessation of hostilities

 

5). Seismic (Adjective)

Definition: of enormous proportions or effect.

Synonyms: Baltic, tremulous, profound

Usage: there are seismic pressures threatening American society

 

6). Dysfunction (Noun)

Definition: abnormality or impairment in the operation of a specified bodily organ or system.

Synonyms: decayed, broken, flawed, defective

Usage: bowel dysfunction

 

7). Clemency (Noun)

Definition: mercy; lenience

Synonyms: mercy, mercifulness, leniency, lenience, mildness, indulgence, forbearance, quarter

Usage: an appeal for clemency

 

8). Contingent (Adjective)

Definition: occurring or existing only if (certain circumstances) are the case; dependent on

Synonyms:  dependent, conditional; subject to, based on, determined by

Usage: his fees were contingent on the success of his search

 

9). Law-abiding (Adjective)

Definition: obedient to the laws of society

Synonyms:  well behaved, lawful, righteous, honest, honourable, correct, upright

Usage: a law-abiding citizen

 

10). Aisle (Noun)

Definition: a passage between rows of seats in a building such as a church or theatre, an aircraft, or train.

Synonyms: passage, passageway, corridor, gangway, walkway, path

Usage: the musical had the audience dancing in the aisles

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