English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-85)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-85):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

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The Hindu Editorial – 24.01.2018

Reform with caution

The Centre must act on the Malimath report on criminal law revamp, but with due care

It is not a bad idea to revisit old committee reports with a view to considering their possible implementation. However, such an exercise must be pursued with care and caution. The Centre’s decision to revisit the 2003 report of the Justice V.S. Malimath Committee on reforming the criminal justice system needs to be examined through the prism of civil rights.  It include controversial recommendations such as making confessions to a senior police officer admissible as evidence, and diluting the standard of proof required for a criminal conviction. It also contains valuable suggestions to revamp the administration of criminal law, covering the entire gamut of the justice system from investigation to sentencing, from matters of policy to the nuances of criminal procedure and the law of evidence. The committee made 158 recommendations, and since then some of these have become law. Its suggestion on permitting videography of statements has been implemented. The definition of rape has been expanded and new offences against women have been added. Its advocacy of substantial witness protection has not been realised, but victim compensation is now part of law. The Centre would do well to ignore the recommendations relating to making confessions to high-ranking officers admissible, and increasing the period of police custody from 15 to 30 days. These provisions were available only in antiterrorism laws that are now no more in force. There is no need to bring them into general criminal laws. The Malimath report suggests a standard of proof lower than the current ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ standard. It moots a ‘clear and convincing’ standard, that is, it is enough if the court is convinced that something is true. Such a measure would have adverse implications for suspects, and requires considerable deliberation. There is some understandable disquiet about the state of criminal justice administration in the country and there is a crying need for a wide range of reforms. As the Madhava Menon Committee’s ‘Draft National Policy on Criminal Justice’ (2007) noted, such popular dissatisfaction arises from the low rate of conviction, the apparent role of money and influence in the outcome of cases, delayed and denied justice, lack of protection to witnesses and  inadequate attention to crime victims. The widespread perception that there is corruption on the one hand and a deep nexus between crime syndicates and politicians on the other, has added to the erosion of public confidence in the justice delivery system. Despite all these considerations, any move to make substantive changes in the way criminal justice is administered will have to be done with great circumspection, lest vital constitutional safeguards against abuse of police and judicial powers are violated in the process. In the name of revamping the law, investigation and trial should not be altered in a way that undermines the principles on which the justice system was founded.

A risky recovery

Countries will need to move beyond monetary stimulus to boost their economies

Abroad-based recovery in global growth may be gathering steam, but the price the world will have to pay for it is still unknown. According to the IMF’s January update of the World Economic Outlook,  the  global  economy  is  all  set  to  clock  its  best growth rate in seven years in 2018 following a pick-up since mid-2016. The IMF estimated that the global economy could accelerate to 3.9% in both 2018 and 2019, an upward revision of 0.2 percentage point over its previous estimates in October for both years, boosted by a cyclical recovery in global growth and the historic tax cuts in the U.S. India’s economy is projected to grow at 7.4% during the financial year 2019, and at an even faster pace of 7.8% the following year. If the IMF’s predictions come true, India will be the fastest-growing major economy next year as China’s growth is expected to slow from 6.6% this year to 6.4% in 2019. What comes as a further surprise is the upward revision in growth forecasts for many countries in Europe, thanks to stronger demand. The IMF, however, was not oblivious to the threats that could severely derail the broad-based economic recovery.  In particular, it warned about the “troubling” rise in debt levels across countries, including the U.S., which could pose a huge risk to financial stability and drag down economic growth. It is no secret that since the 2008 financial crisis the global economy has been propped up mainly by the unprecedented easy money policies adopted by global central banks. In fact, the absence of substantial structural reforms to complement central bank stimulus measures has been another feature of the present global economic recovery. Such a recovery comes with the inherent risk of being derailed whenever easy monetary conditions that fuelled it cease to exist. While central banks until now have been careful not to spook markets with the prospect of higher interest rates, it is unlikely that they can keep markets calm forever. As the IMF  has  pointed  out,  the  possible  end  to  the  era  of abundant liquidity and debt-fuelled economic activity is likely to cause disruption by affecting asset prices. As interest rates reach higher levels, it is likely to also expose the various real economic distortions created by a low interest rate policy, particularly across borders. While it is hard to predict the next downturn, it seems the day of reckoning may not be too far as consumer price inflation begins to push central banks to rethink their dovish stance. The IMF is right to urge countries to make use of the current rosy conditions to enact useful structural reforms. It is time countries recognise that monetary policy alone won’t solve all growth problems.

 

1). Controversial (Adjective)

Definition: giving rise or likely to give rise to controversy or public disagreement.

Synonyms: contentious, disputed, contended, at issue, moot, disputable

Usage: years of wrangling over a controversial bypass

 

2). Gamut (Noun)

Definition: the complete range or scope of something

Synonyms:  range, spectrum, span, sweep, compass, scope, area

Usage: the whole gamut of human emotion

 

3). Nuances (Noun)

Definition: a subtle difference in or shade of meaning, expression, or sound

Synonyms:  fine distinction, subtle distinction/difference, shade, shading, gradation

Usage:  he was familiar with the nuances of the local dialect

 

4). Advocacy (Noun)

Definition: public support for or recommendation of a particular cause or policy

Synonyms:  support for, argument for, arguing for, calling for, pushing for, pressing for

Usage: his outspoken advocacy of the agreement has won no friends

 

5). Moots (Verb)

Definition: raise (a question or topic) for discussion; suggest (an idea or possibility)

Synonyms: raise, bring up, broach, mention, put forward, introduce, advance

Usage: the scheme was first mooted last October

 

6). Denied (Verb)

Definition: state that one refuses to admit the truth or existence of

Synonyms:  contradict, repudiate, gainsay, declare untrue, dissent from, disagree with

Usage: both firms deny any responsibility for the tragedy
7). Nexus (Noun)

Definition: a connection or series of connections linking two or more things

Synonyms:  union, network, union

Usage: the nexus between industry and political power

 

8). Unprecedented (Adjective)

Definition: never done or known before

Synonyms:  unparalleled, unequalled, unmatched, unrivalled, without parallel, without equal

Usage: The government took the unprecedented step of releasing confidential correspondence

 

9). Oblivious (Adjective)

Definition: not aware of or concerned about what is happening around one

Synonyms:  unaware, unconscious, heedless, unmindful, insensible, unheeding

Usage: she became absorbed, oblivious to the passage of time

 

10). Spook (Verb)

Definition:   Afraid of, frighten, unnerve

Synonyms:  horrific, panic, terrify.

Usage: he’ll spook if we make any noise

 

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