English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-96)

Important English Vocabulary from “The Hindu Editorial”-(Day-96):

Dear Readers, to score good marks in English Section first and for most thing is you need to develop your reading skills, while reading a passage you need to highlight the tough words in it and you should know the correct meaning for those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided a English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”

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The Hindu Editorial – 08.02.2018

In inflation’s shadow

The RBI has stressed the need for vigilance on price stability amid fresh uncertainties

The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to keep the repo rate unchanged was no surprise given the focus with which the Monetary Policy Committee has approached its mandate:  of keeping inflation in check. With the relevant measure of price gains, the Consumer Price Index, reflecting an acceleration in inflation for a sixth straight month in December, and that at the fastest pace in 17 months, the bank’s rate-setting panel must have had little difficulty in choosing to remain on hold. This was probably best exemplified by the reversal in stance of the six-member panel’s hither to most dovish member, Ravindra H. Dholakia, to vote to stand pat on interest rates. This the MPC did while retaining a ‘neutral stance’, which gives it the flexibility to change gears in either direction. The RBI’s nominee, Michael Debabrata Patra, in fact voted to head off incipient price pressures by raising the policy rate by 25 basis points. Laying out the factors informing its decision, the RBI once again spotlighted the less than reassuring outlook for price stability.  For starters, “an unusual pick-up in food prices in November”, combined with a “less than usual” softening in the winter seasonal food price moderation, meant headline inflation averaged 4.6% in the third quarter. The RBI had in December made a projection for inflation in the range of 4.3-4.7% in the six months through March 2018. With pump prices of petrol and diesel having risen sharply in January, the RBI has now been forced to raise its estimate for retail price gains in the fourth quarter to 5.1%. Extending the time horizon beyond the current fiscal, the inflation scenario gets even more worrying. Clouding the outlook are multiple uncertainties. These include the staggered impact of HRA increases by various State governments that may induce second order effects on prices; the pick-up in global growth, a factor the RBI also cites as a positive for the economy, that may push up crude oil and commodity prices worldwide; the Budget’s proposed changes to the minimum support price norms for crops as well as the proposals to increase customs duty on a range of goods; and the fiscal slippage, which could not only fan inflation but also risks increasing borrowing costs. The normalization of monetary policy by advanced economies could spell a decisive end to global ‘easy money’ conditions and may trigger some fight of capital from emerging markets including India. The upshot is that the RBI sees CPI inflation hovering in the 5.1-5.6% range in the first six months of the new fiscal before moderating to 4.5-4.6% in the second half, subject to a big assumption: a normal monsoon in 2018. Under the looming shadow of inflationary risks, the RBI has again reasserted the need for unwavering vigilance on the price stability front.

Khap menace

It is a sad comment that courts need to keep curbing interference in love and marriage

Each time the Supreme Court feels impelled to remind khap panchayats and the society at large that they have no business interfering in the life choices of individuals regarding marriage and love, it is an implicit commentary on our times. The frequency with which one  hears  the  court’s  warnings  against groups and individuals obstructing inter-faith or intercaste relationships reaffirms the fact that the social milieu continues to be under  the sway of  the medieval-minded. The court’s latest observations that khap panchayats should not act as though they are conscience-keepers of society and that no one should interfere in relationships between adults came while it was hearing a writ petition seeking a ban on such community organisations and guidelines to put an end to “honour killings”.  In 2011,  the  highest  court  termed  such  khaps “kangaroo courts”, declared them illegal and wanted them stamped out ruthlessly. Similar observations were made in other cases too, some of them in the context of “honour killings”. It is a grave misfortune that parents and self-appointed guardians of social mores continue to use coercion and harassment, and even  resort  to murderous violence, as a means to enforce their exclusionary and  feudal prejudices. The recent murder of Ankit Saxena, a photographer who was in love with a Muslim girl, allegedly by members of her family, is one more extreme indication of families choosing the penal consequences of violence over the perceived dishonor caused by an inter-religious relationship. While the popular narrative situates community pride as a source of unconscionable violence in rural India, such murders are a reality in cities and among educated and presumably socially advanced sections too. The other dimension is that these khap organizations in north India seek to enforce age-old taboos such as the prohibition on sagothra marriages among Hindus. Their grouse is that the present law on Hindu marriage allows sapinda relationships up to a particular degree; they would prefer a limitless bar on any degree of such relationship in lineal ascendancy, which would prevent any marriage with one presumed to be descended from an ancestor belonging to the same gothra. Such views can only be eradicated with a change in social attitudes. The Law Commission in 2012 prepared a draft bill to prohibit interference in marriage alliances. Key provisions that seek to address  the problem of khap panchayats in this draft say such informal groups would be treated as an  ‘unlawful assembly’ and decisions  that amount to harassment, social boycott, discrimination or incitement to violence should be punishable with a minimum  sentence.  Whether the solution is social transformation or legislative change, high-handed mediation or interference should brook no sympathy.

 

1). Exemplified (Noun)

Definition: be a typical example of

Synonyms:  typify, epitomize, be a typical example of, serve as a typical example of

Usage: the best dry sherry is exemplified by the fino of Jerez

 

2). Dovish (Adjective)

Definition: tone of a language

Usage: Federal Reserve bank refers to inflation in a dovish tone

 

3). Incipient (Adjective)

Definition: (of a person) developing into a specified type or role

Synonyms:  developing, impending, growing, emerging, emergent, dawning

Usage: we seemed more like friends than incipient lovers

 

4). Incitement (Noun)

Definition: the action of provoking unlawful behaviour or urging someone to behave unlawfully

Synonyms:  egging on, urging, goading, spurring on, motivation,  persuasion,  inducement

Usage:  this amounted to an incitement to commit murder

 

5). Presumably (Adverb)

Definition: used to convey that what is asserted is very likely though not known for certain

Synonyms:  assume, I expect, I believe, I presume, I take it, I suppose, I imagine

Usage: it was not yet ten o’clock, so presumably the boys were still at the pub

 

6). Feudal (Adjective)

Definition: according to, resembling, or denoting the system of feudalism

Synonyms:  antique, archaic, gothic

Usage: the feudal system

 

7). Coercion (Noun)

Definition:  the action or practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats

Synonyms: force, compulsion, constraint, duress, oppression, enforcement, harassment

Usage: it wasn’t slavery because no coercion was used

 

8). Ruthlessly (Adverb)

Definition: without pity or compassion for others

Synonyms:  merciless, pitiless, cruel, heartless, hard-hearted, hard, stony-hearted

Usage: they fell prey to money lenders who ruthlessly exploited them

 

9). Sway (Verb)

Definition: move or cause to move slowly or rhythmically backwards and forwards or from side to side

Synonyms:  swing, shake, oscillate, rock, undulate, move from side to side

Usage: he swayed slightly on his feet

 

10).Brook (Noun)

Definition: a small stream.

Synonyms:  stream, small river, streamlet, rivulet, rill, brooklet, runnel

Usage: the Lake District boasts lovely lakes and babbling brooks

 

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