List of Important Bills, Acts and Amendments Recently Passed by the Union& State Governments in 2015- Download in PDF

    List of Important Bills, Acts and Amendments Recently Passed by the Union Government- Download in PDF
    List of Important Bills, Acts and Amendments Recently Passed by the Union& State Government- Download in PDF:
    Dear Readers, here we have given the list of important Bills, Acts and Amendments that passed by the Union Government and its features, candidates those who are preparing for the upcoming IBPS Clerk Exam 2015 can also download this in PDF.


    IMPORTANT BILLS AND ACTS PASSED BY UNION GOVERNMENT:


    Bill:Consumer Protection Bill, 2015
    ·        Objective – to simplify the consumer dispute resolution process along with enhancing the pecuniary jurisdiction of the consumer grievances redressal agencies
    ·        It replacedConsumer Protection Act, 1986
    ·        It was passed as an aftermath of the Maggi controversy
    Features of Bill:
    ·        Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) to be established as an apex regulatory with more powers to protect the rights of consumers
    ·        CCPA will take action against defaulting manufacturers if a product causes personal injury, death or damage to consumers
    ·        Stringent penalty including life imprisonment will be carried out in certain cases
    ·        For speedy disposal of complaints consumers can file complaints electronically to the circuit bench
    Bill:The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill, 2014
    ·        Parent law – The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Bill, 1989
    Objective of Amendment Bill:
    ·        To prohibit thecommission of offences against members ofSC& ST communities
    ·        To Providespecial courts for the trial cases of such offences
    ·        Torehabilitate the victims
    Features of Amendment Bill:
    ·        The following are thenew offences added in the bill
    a)   garlanding SCs and STs with footwear
    b)   compelling to do manual scavenging or dispose carry animal or human carcasses
    c)   abusing SCs or STs in public by caste name
    d)   disrespecting any deceased SCs or STs person held in high esteem or attempting to promote feelings of ill-will against SCs or STs
    e)   threatening or imposing economic and social boycott
    ·        The following are the offences in case of sexual exploitation ofSC or ST woman
    a)   Using acts, words or gestures of a sexual nature against SC or ST woman
    b)   Touching an SC or ST woman intentionally in a sexual manner without her consent
    c)   Practice of dedicating an SC or ST women as a devadasi to a temple
    ·        The following are the mentionedduties of public servants in the bill
    a)   registering FIR or complaint
    b)   must read out the information given oral complaint by SC or ST person before taking signature of the victim
    c)   giving copy of this information to the victim
    Bill:Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2015
    ·        Parent Act –Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881
    ·        Objectives of Amended Bill – To make cases regarding cheque-bounce more convenient for persons who receives the cheque
    Features of Amended Bill:
    ·        It make filing of case againstcheck-bounce more convenient for check payees
    ·        Cases in this regard should be filed only in a court whose jurisdiction the bank of the payee lies
    ·        Specifies theterritorial jurisdiction of the courts in cases related to bouncing of cheques which was not present in theparent Act
    ·        Enables the filing of more than one case against the same person in different courts for cheque-bouning
    ·        Redefines cheque as an electronic form which is signed in a secure system with a digital signature or using electronic system and drawn in electronic medium using any computer
    ·        Overrules Supreme Courts unfriendly check payee rule ofAugust 2014 – According to which such cases can be filed in courts under which jurisdiction the bank of the accused fell
    Bill:Delhi High Court Amendment Bill, 2015
    ·        May 2015 – passed in Rajya Sabha
    ·        5th June 2015 – passed in Lok Sabha
    ·        Parent Act – Delhi High Court Act, 1966
    ·        Objective – to reduce the workload of the Delhi High Court
    Features of Amended Bill:
    ·        Increases pecuniary jurisdiction of Delhi High Court over suits above the value of2 crores from 20 lakhs
    ·        Pecuniary jurisdiction – jurisdiction of a court over a suit based on the amount or value of its subject matter
    ·        Enables theChief Justice of the Delhi High Court totransfer any pending suit to a relevant subordinate court
    ·        Reduces the work load of Delhi High Court by transferring civil suits to 9 district courts in Delhi
    Bill:Arbitration and Conciliation Bill, 2015
    ·        Parent Act – Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996
    ·        The Law Commission of India (LCI) recommended amendments to the parent act in its 246th report
    ·        Objective of Amended Bill – to make commercial disputes more user-friendly and cost effective which will lead to expeditious disposal of cases
    Features of Amended Bill:
    ·        Mandatory for arbitrators to settle disputes within1 year. This period can be extended by6 months only by a court
    ·        Cut the fees of arbitrators if the court finds out that the delay was made by the arbitrators
    ·        Extra fees to arbitrators if the matter is disposed of within 6 months and the parties agree to pay more
    ·        Empowers arbitration tribunal to grant all kinds of interim measures that courts provide


    IMPORTANT BILL AND ACTS PASSED BY STATE GOVERNMENTS:

    Bill:Bihar Public Grievance Redressal Bill, 2015
    ·        State –Bihar
    ·        Objective – To empower people of state and provide legal rights to them for redressal of their complaints within a time-frame
    Features of Bill:
    ·        Duty bound government servants should dispose grievances of the people in a time bound manner
    ·        In case of failure to hear and redress grievances a penalty ranging fromRs. 500 to 5000 will be imposed on the government servants
    ·        Powers in this regard is vested on the following authorities to deal with delayed grievances cases
    a) Public Grievance Redressal Officer
    b)   1st and 2ndAppellate Authorities
    Bill:Assam Witch Hunting (Prohibition, Prevention and Protection) Bill, 2015
    ·        State –Assam
    ·        Objective – to eliminate the superstition from the society by making witching hunting cases as non-bailable, non – compoundable and cognizable
    Features of Bill:
    ·        Prohibits any person from calling, identifying or defaming any other person as witch by words, signs, conducts or indications
    ·        The imposes up to7 years of jail and a fine ofRs. 5 lakh if anybody is found guilty
    ·        This will be done as per theSection 302 of theIndian Penal Code (IPC)
    ·        It proposes a3 year imprisonment if anybody blames a person for natural disasters
    ·        Special courts will be set up in consultation with high court for trial of such offences
    Bill:Rajasthan Vexation Litigation Prevention Bill, 2015
    ·        State –Rajasthan
    ·        Objective – to prevent filing of baseless cases and to check the misuse of law for personal benefits
    Features of Bill:
    ·        It will reduceVexation Litigation i.e., legal proceeding or action initiated maliciously and without Probable Cause by an individual solely to harass or subdue an opponent or adversary
    ·        It covers both civil and criminal cases in the high court and subordinate courts
    Bill:Prisons (Amendment) Bill, 2015
    ·        State –Rajasthan
    ·        Objective – to improve the efficiency of prisons in the state and also keep a check on violence and gang wars in the prison
    Bill:Rajasthan Police (Amendment) Bill, 2015
    ·        State –Rajasthan
    ·        Features of Bill
    a)   To impose monetary fine ofRs. 500 on anyone who creates a nuisance on the road and obstructions or causes injuries to a person or damages property for the1st time
    b)   Rs. 5000 for the2nd time
    c)   Rs. 10,000 and8 days jail for the3rd time
    Bill:Rajasthan Special Backward Classes Reservation Bill, 2015
    ·        It provides5% reservation to the following5communities in government services and educational institutions
    a)   Banjara / Labana / Baldiya
    b)   Gujar / Gurjar
    c)   Gadiya / Gadoliya / Lohar
    d)   Gadariya / Gayari / Gadri
    e)   Raika / Rebari / Debasi
    Bill:Rajasthan Economically Backward Classes Reservation Bill, 2015
    ·        Objective – to provide14% reservation to unreserved category

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