Standard Reasoning Questions with Explanation for SBI Clerk 2018 | Day-13

Dear Readers, SBI Clerk Notification has been released and Banking Aspirants were already started there preparation to crack it. As we know, Reasoning Section is getting harder day by day, additional focusing is required to increase your score in Reasoning, we IBPS Guide Team will always play a vital role in Nurturing Your Success.

To Pay Special Attention in Reasoning Questions and Answers Here we have provided the Standard Reasoning Questions and Answers for you. Practice these questions regularly to improve your Reasoning Ability. Here have also provided a Special Ebook “Become A Master in Reasoning Ability” Make use of it.

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Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

Eight persons M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T are sitting in a straight line and facing north. Their ages are different i.e. 18, 21, 27, 33, 36, 42, 55 and 60, not necessarily in the same order. N is 27 years old. Two persons are sitting between N and O. Only two persons are sitting to the right of O. Two persons are sitting between M and the one who is 18 years old. M is not neighbor of N. M is not sitting at any end. P is 2nd to the right of the one who is 18 years old. O’s age is twice of the S’s age. M is 21 years old. Q is neighbor of S. One person is sitting between T and the one who is 36 years old. R is younger to O. P is elder to Q but younger to T.

  1. Who among the following is the eldest in the group?
  1. T
  2. R
  3. O
  4. S
  5. Q
  1. How many persons are between P and R?
  1. 0
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
  1. Who among the following is 3rd to the left of M?
  1. Q
  2. S
  3. N
  4. P
  5. R
  1. Which of the following is TRUE?
  1. Q is younger to O
  2. P is 60 years old
  3. M is neighbor of S
  4. R is 33 years old
  5. Three persons are sitting between Q and P
  1. How many persons are elder to P?
  1. 0
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4

Direction (6-10): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

If all the Vowels in the alphabets are excluded and rest of Consonants as coded as follows i.e., B as 1, C as 2, D as 3…… upto K as 8. Then from L as 1, M as 2,…. upto T as 8. Again V as 1, …… upto Z.

Conditions:

  1. If the word begins with vowels and ends with consonants then first vowel of that word is coded as “%”.
  2. If the word begins and ends with consonants then 2nd last letter of the word is coded as “#”.
  3. If the word begins with consonants and ends with vowels then all the vowels will be coded as “9”.
  4. If the word begins and ends with vowels then all the vowels will be coded as “$”.
  1. What is the code of “extra”?
  1. $388$
  2. $336$
  3. #386#
  4. $886$
  5. $386$
  1. What is sum of the code of “table”?
  1. 28
  2. 29
  3. 25
  4. 31
  5. 30
  1. What is the code of “quick”?
  1. [email protected]#8
  2. 523#8
  3. 5ui#8
  4. 5ui#5
  5. 8ui#5
  1. What is the code of “organic”?
  1. %55a3i2
  2. %65a3i2
  3. #65a3i2
  4. %65a313
  5. %65%3%2
  1. What is the code of “party over”?
  1. 4a4#4, #1e6
  2. 4a6#4, %1e%
  3. 4a6#4, %1e6
  4. 5a6#5, %1e6
  5. 4a6#4, %2e%

Answers:   

Direction (1-5)

Only two persons are sitting to the right of O so O is 3rd from the right end.

O

 

N is 27 years old. Two persons are sitting between N and O. Two persons are sitting between M and the one who is 18 years old. M is not neighbor of N. M is not sitting at any end. So M is either immediate right or immediate left of O. As P is 2nd to the right of the one who is 18 years old. M is 21 years old.

N P M O
18 27 21

 

O’s age is twice of the S’s age so only one combination is left. S is 18 years old and O is 36 years old. Q is neighbor of S so Q is at the left end. One person is sitting between T and the one who is 36 years old so T is at the right end and R is immediate right of O.

Q S N P M O R T
18 27 21 36

 

R is younger to O then R must be 33 years old. P is elder to Q but younger to T. So Q is 42 years old, P is 55 years old and T is 60 years old.

 

Here is the final arrangement:

Q S N P M O R T
42 18 27 55 21 36 33 60

 

  1. Answer: A

T is the eldest person in the group.

Hence, option A.

  1. Answer: C

Two persons are sitting between them.

Hence, option C.

  1. Answer: B

S is 3rd to the left of M.

Hence, option B.

  1. Answer: D

R is 33 years old.

Hence, option D.

  1. Answer: B

Only T is elder to P.

Hence, option B.

 

Direction (6-10)

B=1, C=2, D=3, F=4, G=5, H=6, J=7, K=8
L=1, M=2, N=3, P=4, Q=5, R=6, S=7, T=8
V=1, W=2, X=3, Y=4, Z=5

  1. Answer: E

From condition IV,

extra→$xtr$→$386$

hence, option E.

  1. Answer: A

From condition III,

table→t9bl9→89119

8+9+1+1+9=28

Hence, option A.

  1. Answer: C

From condition II,

quick→qui#k→5ui#8

hence, option C.

  1. Answer: B

From condition I,

organic→%rganic→%65a3i2

hence, option B.

  1. Answer: C

From condition II,

“party”→4a6#4

From condition I,

“over”→%1e6

Hence, option C.

 

 

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