Standard Reasoning Questions with Explanation for SBI Clerk 2018 | Day-2

Dear Readers, SBI Clerk Notification has been released and Banking Aspirants were already started there preparation to crack it. As we know, Reasoning Section is getting harder day by day, additional focusing is required to increase your score in Reasoning, we IBPS Guide Team will always play a vital role in Nurturing Your Success.

To Pay Special Attention in Reasoning Questions and Answers Here we have provided the Standard Reasoning Questions and Answers for you. Practice these questions regularly to improve your Reasoning Ability. Here have also provided a Special Ebook “Become A Master in Reasoning Ability” Make use of it.

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Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.

Eight persons A, B, C, D, H, I, J and K are staying in an eight storey building. Lowermost floor is numbered 1 and topmost floor is numbered 8. Two consecutive alphabets naming persons cannot stay to adjacent floor i.e. A cannot stay adjacent floors to B, B cannot stay adjacent floors to A or C but D can stay adjacent floor to H. Their ages are i.e. 17, 22, 25, 28, 29, 33, 34 and 40, not necessarily in the same order.

(Note: The person whose age is an odd number is staying at odd numbered floor and the person whose age is an even number is staying at even numbered floor).  D is 33 years old. The number of person is staying above D is same as below H. C lives just above the one who is 17 years old. Two persons are staying between H and the one who is 17 years old. H lives above the one who is 17 years old.  A is 29 years old. Only one person is elder to K. One person stays between B and K. K lives above B. B is elder to K but doesn’t stay on 2nd floor.

  1. Who among the following is the youngest person?
  1. B
  2. J
  3. A
  4. C
  5. I
  1. How many persons are staying between B and the one who is 22 years old?
  1. 0
  2. 1
  3. 2
  4. 3
  5. 4
  1. Which of the following combination is correct?
  1. K-6th floor
  2. C-25 years old
  3. A-3rd floor
  4. I-28 years
  5. J-5th floor
  1. Who among the following lives on 2nd floor?
  1. C
  2. The one who is 40 years old
  3. H
  4. The one who is 22 years old
  5. K
  1. What is the sum of the age of I and J?
  1. 44
  2. 39
  3. 73
  4. 42
  5. 65

Direction (6-10) In each of the questions below are given some conclusions followed and some statements are given. You have to take the given conclusions to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide from which of the statements given definitely true.

  1. Conclusions:

Some pens are not pencils.

Some boxes are pages.

All pencils are not boxes.

Statements:

  1. Some pages are boxes, no box is a pen, all pens are pencils.
  2. Some pages are pens, no box is a pencil, all pencils are pens.
  3. Some pages are boxes, all pencils are boxes, all pencils are pens.
  4. Some pages are boxes, no box is a pencil, all pencils are pens.
  1. Statement I follow
  2. Statement II follows
  3. Statement III follows
  4. Statement IV follows
  5. None of these
  1. Conclusions:

Some letters are words.

Some letters are symbols.

No number being a symbol is a possibility.

Statements:

  1. Some words are letters, all letters are numbers, some symbols are letters.
  2. Some words are letters, all letters are numbers, some symbols are numbers.
  3. Some words are numbers, all numbers are letters, some symbols are letters.
  4. Some words are numbers, all numbers are letters, some symbols are numbers.
  1. Statement I follow
  2. Statement II follows
  3. Statement III follows
  4. Statement IV follows
  5. None of these
  1. Conclusion:

No coat is a shirt.

Some pants are definitely not coats.

Statements:

  1. No coat is a shoe, some shoes are shirts, some pants are not shirts.
  2. All coats are shoes, no shoe is a shirt, some shoes are not pants.
  3. All shoes are coats, no shoe is a pant, no shirt is a shoe.
  4. No coat is a shoe, all shirts are shoes, some shirts are pants.
  5. None of these
  1. Statement I follow
  2. Statement II follows
  3. Statement III follows
  4. Statement IV follows
  5. None of these
  1. Conclusion:

No exam is a paper. All exams are marks.

Statements:

  1. Some marks are not papers. Some ranks are marks. All exams are ranks.
  2. No paper is a rank. All exams are ranks. All ranks are marks.
  3. Some marks are not papers. All marks are ranks. Some exams are ranks.
  4. All marks are ranks. No exam is a rank. Some marks are not papers.
  5. Both II and IV
  1. Statement I follow
  2. Statement II follows
  3. Statement III follows
  4. Statement IV follows
  5. Both II and IV
  1. Conclusion: All cars are bikes. Some trucks are not trains.

Statements:

  1. Some cars are not trains. All trains are bikes. No bike is a truck.
  2. All cars are trains. All trains are bikes. All trucks are bikes.
  3. All cars are trucks. All trucks are bikes. Some cars are not trains.
  4. No train is a car. All cars are trucks. All trucks are bikes.
  5. Both III and IV
  1. Statement I follow
  2. Statement II follows
  3. Statement III follows
  4. Statement IV follows
  5. Both III and IV

Explanation

Direction (1-5)

C lives just above the one who is 17 years old. Two persons are staying between H and the one who is 17 years old. As we know the one who is 17 years must live on an odd number floor and we know that H lives above the one who is 17 years old. So the one who is 17 years old can stay on 1st, 3rd and 5th floor.

 

Case 1: if the one who is 17 years old stays on 3rd floor-

Then H lives on 6th floor and we know that the number of person is staying above D is same as below H. Five persons are staying below H so D must stay on 3rd floor but D is 33 years old and the one who is 17 years old stays on 3rd floor so this case gets rejected.

 

Case 2: if the one who is 17 years old stays on 5th floor-

Then H lives on 8th floor and we know that the number of person is staying above D is same as below H. Seven persons are staying below H so D must stay on 1st floor and C lives on 6th floor.

Floor Person Age
8 H
7
6 C
5 17
4
3
2
1 D 33

 

Only one person is elder to K. So K is 34 years old and B is elder to K so B is 40 years old it means they both are staying on an even numbered floor. As we know B cannot stay on 2nd floor. So B must stay on 4th floor. One person stays between B and K. K lives above B. So this case gets rejected because C lives on 6th floor.

Floor Person Age
8 H
7
6 C
5 17
4 B 40
3
2
1 D 33

 

Case 3: if the one who is 17 years old stays on 1st floor-

Then H lives on 4th floor and we know that the number of person is staying above D is same as below H. Three persons are staying below H so D must stay on 5th floor and C lives on 2nd floor.

Floor Person Age
8
7
6
5 D 33
4 H
3
2 C
1 17

 

Only one person is elder to K. So K is 34 years old and B is elder to K so B is 40 years old it means they both are staying on an even numbered floor. As we know B cannot stay on 2nd floor. One person stays between B and K. K lives above B. So B must stay on 6th floor and K lives on 8th floor.

As A is 29 years old so A must stay on an odd numbered floor. So A is either lives on 7th or 3rd floor but B lives on 6th floor so A cannot live on 7th floor because their names are consecutive alphabets then A lives on 3rd floor. J cannot stay adjacent to K so J lives on 1st floor and I lives on 7th floor. I lives on odd numbered floor then I is 25 years old. H is younger to C. So H is 22 years old and C is 28 years old.

 

Here is the final table:

Floor Person Age
8 K 34
7 I 25
6 B 40
5 D 33
4 H 22
3 A 29
2 C 28
1 J 17

 

  1. Answer: B

J is the youngest person.

Hence, option B.

 

  1. Answer: B

H is 22 years old and one person is staying between B and H.

Hence, option B.

 

  1. Answer: C

A lives on 3rd floor.

Hence, option C.

 

  1. Answer: A

C lives on 2nd floor.

Hence, option A.

 

  1. Answer: D

I= 25 years , J=17 years

I+J=25+17=42

Hence, option D.

 

Direction(6-10)

Standard Reasoning Questions and answers with Explanation Day- 1

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