Useful Tips for English Grammar- Usage of Tense Part-II

Useful Tips for English Grammar
Useful Tips for English Grammar- Usage of Tense Part-II:
More useful tips about the usage of Tense in English Grammar was given here, candidates those who are preparing for the banking and all other competitive exams can use these materials which will help you to get basic ideas about English Grammar.

The changed forms of a verb that indicate time of the action are calledtense of the verb.

1.) When the verb in the Principal Clause is in the Past tense, the verbs of the Subordinate Clauses should be in the Past tense:
E.g. He said that he had finished his work.
        I was informed that her mother was ill.

2.) But a Past tense in the Principal Clause may or may not be followed by the Past tense in the sub-ordinate clause if the latter expresses universal or habitual truth:
E.g. The teacher said that the earth revolves round the sun.
        My brother told me that smoking is injurious to health.

3.) Any tense may be used in the sub-ordinate clause if it gives a comparison by using the wordthan:
E.g. He respected you more than he respects his uncle.
        The teacher liked Anil better than he liked me.

4.) Any tense can be used when the sub-ordinate clause is in a quotation:
E.g. She said, “He will go to Madras tomorrow.”
        I said, “I am going to Delhi today.”

5.) The Present Perfect Tense (subject+has/have+V3) cannot be used when an expression of Past time (yesterday, last night, ago etc.) is used:
E.g.: We wrote to you yesterday about his mother.
          I finished my letter last night.

6.) In conditional sentences the subordinate clause, beginning with if, is generally in the Present or Past tense but not in future tense:
E.g. If I go to Delhi, I shall see the Red Fort.
        If he had worked hard, he would have passed.

7.) With the phrasesas if andas though,Past tense and plural form of the verb should be used:
E.g. He behaves as if he were a millionaire.
      
8.) Past Perfect tense (subject+had+V3) is used when a sentence refers to two past actions and one of them occurs earlier than the other:
E.g. When my uncle came to India I had passed M.A.
        
9.) Words likeusually, generally, often, wheneveretc. are used in Present Indefinite tense:
E.g. I usually go to place cricket.
       I often launch at him.

10.) If the action began in the past and is still continuing in the present, use Present Perfect tense (Subject+has/have+been+VI+ing):
E.g. I have been reading in this class for two months.

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