# Important Concepts and Tips to Solve Floor Arrangement Puzzles in Reasoning Section

Important Concepts and Tips to Solve Floor Arrangement Puzzles in Reasoning Section- Download in PDF:
Important Tips to Solve Floor Arrangements Puzzles in Reasoning Section was given here in PDF, which were most expected questions in upcoming IBPS PO/Clerk 2017 exams. Candidates those who are preparing for the exams can download this in PDF.

FLOOR ARRANGEMENT PUZZLE TEST

Example Question:
Directions (Questions 1 to 5):Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions
Seven people P, Q, R, S, T, U and V live on separate floors of a 7-floor building. Ground floor is numbered 1, first floor is numbered. 2 and so on until the topmost floor are numbered 7. Each one of these is travelling to a different city, namely Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore and Lucknow but not necessarily in the same order. Only three people live above the floor on which P lives. Only one person lives between P and the one travelling to Bangalore. U lives immediately below the one travelling to Mumbai. The one travelling to Mumbai lives on an even-numbered floor. Only three people live between the ones travelling to Bangalore and Patna. T lives immediately above R. T is not travelling to Patna. Only two people live between Q and the one travelling to Kolkata. The one travelling to Kolkata lives below the floor on which Q lives. The one travelling to Delhi does not live immediately above or immediately below Q. S does not live immediately above or immediately below P. V does not travel to Chennai.

1).Which of the following is true with respect to V as per the given information’?
a)   The one who lives immediately below V is travelling to Mumbai
b)   V lives on floor no. 7
c)   V lives immediately below T
d)   V lives on the lowermost floor
e)   V is travelling to Bangalore
2).Who among the following lives on floor no. 3?
a)   The one travelling to Chennai
b)   The one travelling to Kolkata
c)   R
d)   V
e)   T
3).Who lives on the floor immediately above T?
a)   P
b)   Q
c)   S
d)   V
e)   U
4).To which of the following cities is S travelling?
a)   Mumbai
b)   Bangalore
c)   Patna
d)   Kolkata
e)   Chennai
5).How many people live between the floors on which S and the one travelling to Mumbai live?
a)   None
b)   Two
c)   One
d)   More than three
e)   Three

GIVEN:
Ø A 7 – storey building, where the Ground Floor = 1st Floor
Ø 7Persons – P, Q, R, S, T, U and V
Ø 7 Cities– Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Chennai, Bangalore, Lucknow and Kolkata

SOLUTION:
These types of questions can be best solved by the tabulation method
Ø If persons / days are mentioned in the question then the first column of the table will always be persons/days
Ø Here there are 7 persons, then the1stcolumn will be persons
Ø Always start filling the Table from thebottomif there are more than one possibilities

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 6 5 4 P 3 2 1

CLUE 1: Only three people live above the floor on which P lives

Ø ThereforeP lives on the4th floor (7 – 3 = 4)

CLUE 2: Only one person lives between P and the one travelling to Bangalore
Ø Going by the clue, the person travelling to Bangalore is onalternate floor from P. The person can be in the floor either above or below P
Ø That gives us 2 options
·        Above P – 6th Floor
OR
·        Below P – 2nd Floor

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 6 Bangalore 5 4 P 3 2 Bangalore 1

CLUE 3: The one travelling to Mumbai lives on an even-numbered floor

Ø Therefore the possibility of the person travelling to Mumbai being in2ndor4th or6thfloor is correct

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 6 Bangalore Mumbai 5 4 P Mumbai 3 2 Bangalore Mumbai 1

CLUE 4: U lives immediately below the one travelling to Mumbai
Ø Now the floor of the person travelling to Mumbai isnot yet determined
Ø So as of now U can be either in1stor3rd or5th floor

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 6 Bangalore Mumbai 5 U 4 P Mumbai 3 U 2 Bangalore Mumbai 1 U

CLUE 5: Only three people live between the ones travelling to Bangalore and Patna

Ø From theclue 2, it is clear that the person travelling to Bangalore is either in floor2 or6
Ø So if person travelling to Bangalore is in floor 2 then the person travelling to Patna will be in floor 6 and vice versa (because only three people live between the ones travelling to Bangalore and Patna)
Ø Therefore, the person travelling to Mumbai cannot be in floor 2 or 6
Ø ByClue 4, U will be in floor 3
Ø Hence,4th floor = P = Mumbai

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 6 Bangalore Patna Mumbai✗ 5 U✗ 4 P Mumbai 3 U 2 Bangalore Patna Mumbai✗ 1 U✗

CLUE 6: T lives immediately above R.

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 T 6 T R Bangalore Patna 5 R 4 P Mumbai 3 U 2 T Bangalore Patna 1 R

·        Floors 1& 2Ø Here the tentative floors where T and R can be are as follows
·        Floors 5& 6
·        Floors 6& 7

CLUE 7: Only two people live between Q and the one travelling to Kolkata. The one travelling to Kolkata lives below the floor on which Q lives
Ø This shows that the person travelling to Kolkata and Q are2 floors apart, with the person travelling to Kolkata below Q
Ø Now the person travelling to Kolkata cannot be in floor 1, because then Q would be in floor 4 which is not possible as4thfloor = P
Ø If the person travelling to Kolkata is in floor 3, then Q will be in floor 6
Ø The Kolkata person cannot be in floors 5 or 7 as there will be no floor for Q above them
Ø Since Q is confirmed to be in floor 6, T and R combination cannot be available in the floors 5, 6 and 7
Ø Therefore,3rd Floor = U = Kolkata
6th Floor = Q = Bangalore or Patna
1st Floor = R
2nd Floor = T = Bangalore or Patna

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 T✗ 6 Q✓ T✗ R✗ Bangalore Patna 5 R✗ 4 P Mumbai 3 U Kolkata 2 T✓ Bangalore Patna 1 R✓

CLUE 8: T is not travelling to Patna

Ø Therefore T will be the one travelling to Bangalore and Q will be travelling to Patna

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 6 Q Patna 5 4 P Mumbai 3 U Kolkata 2 T Bangalore 1 R

CLUE 9: The one travelling to Delhi does not live immediately above or immediately below Q

Ø That leaves only floor 1 for the person travelling to Delhi i.e. R
Ø 1st Floor = R = Delhi

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 6 Q Patna 5 4 P Mumbai 3 U Kolkata 2 T Bangalore 1 R Delhi

CLUE 10
: S does not live immediately above or immediately below P

Ø Scannot be on floor 5, which leaves onlyfloor 7

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 S 6 Q Patna 5 4 P Mumbai 3 U Kolkata 2 T Bangalore 1 R Delhi

CLUE 11: V does not travel to Chennai
Ø Only floor 5 is left for V and V does not travel to Chennai that meansS will travel to Chennai
Ø Among cities only Lucknow is left, thereforeVwill be the person who travels toLucknow

 FLOOR PERSON CITY 7 S Chennai 6 Q Patna 5 V Lucknow 4 P Mumbai 3 U Kolkata 2 T Bangalore 1 R Delhi

QUESTION 1:

The above is the final floor arrangement

From the final table, a) The one who lives immediately below V is travelling to Mumbai
QUESTION 2
b) The one travelling to Kolkata
QUESTION 3
e) U
QUESTION 4
e) Chennai
QUESTION 5
b) Two
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