“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 Day-1

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-1)

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(Directions 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.

A decade after the devastating tsunami on December 26, 2004, that killed more than 2 lakh people across 14 countries and levelled entire towns and villages, is the world, and India, where 12,000 people died, better prepared to deal with a crisis of that magnitude? In a heartening departure from the usual story of benign government neglect that characterises long-term responses to such events, indicates are that some lessons have indeed been learnt. Ten years on, and not without some finger-pointing and political jockeying, the multilateral, UNESCO supported Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System has established a network of seismometers, tidal gauges and tsunami buoys to detect undersea tremors. The Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC), meanwhile, also monitors seismic activity and tsunamis to provide advisories, giving officials two-and-a-half hours to organise and respond. The ITEWC is a sophisticated system, and it is a measure of its success that it is a designated regional tsunami service provider responsible for issuing bulletins to Indian Ocean rim countries.

Of course, gaps remain. As highlighted by Odisha’s improved response to cyclones- the state managed the impact of Cyclone Phailin in October last year- early warning alerts and technological fixes can only go so far. For effective disaster management and mitigation, it is imperative to build resilient infrastructure and educate people. Despite calls to “build back better”- disaster recovery parlance for creating infrastructure that would reduce vulnerability to future risks- reports suggest that authorities have failed to implement the coastal regulation zone notification in tsunami-affected area. The initial energy expended on training communities on proper response, building evacuation routes and shelters, and planning for relocation seems to have dissipated. This inertia is visible when dealing with other disasters, too, from cloudbursts and floods to landslides. The flouting of environmental regulation is commonplace, both in at-risk coastal communities and in places like Uttarakhand, where the Centre recently admitted that hydropower projects had “significantly degraded” the local ecology, exacerbating the impact of an extreme weather event.

If India is to effectively deal with natural calamity, the government must recognise that disaster management requires constant updation and capacity-building. This means recognising that locals are first responders and investing in strengthening the risk reduction capacities of local, city and regional authorities.

  1. What are some of the developments regarding the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System?
  1. It has sent various experts to keep a check on the tidal waves.
  2. It has worked on spreading the wide network of seismometers.
  3. It has established a network to detect undersea tremors.
  1. Only A
  2.   Only B
  3.   Only C
  4.   Only A & B
  5.   Only B & C
  1. Which is the most essential thing to make disaster management and mitigation effective?
  1.   Expert advice
  2.   Investment
  3.   Infrastructure
  4.   Authoritative intervention
  5.   Seismometers
  1. Which of the following sentence cannot be inferred from the passage?
  1.   The disaster management system has some loopholes due to governmental negligence.
  2.   Education plays a vital role in making the disaster mitigation system effective.
  3.   The sad news is that authorities have failed to implement coastal regulation.
  4.   Even after long-term responses to such disaster, our government has not taken serious steps towards disaster management system.
  5.   None of these
  1. Which of the following is correct according to the given passage?
  1.   The flouting of environmental regulations is rare.
  2.   The tsunami-affected areas have failed to implement coastal regulation zone notification.
  3.   Hydropower projects had significantly upgraded the local ecology.
  4.   Building evacuation routes and shelters for relocation seems to make great changes.
  5.   None of these.

5.What is/are the step(s) that need to be taken towards disaster management system?

  1.   Disaster management requires constant updation.
  2.   It involves capacity-building
  3.   Improving the risk reduction capacities of local, city and regional authorities.
  4.   Investment on the part of people living in the locality.
  5.   All the above.
  1. Choose the word which is most similarin meaning to the word given in bold as used in the context of the passage. Resilient
  1. Hard
  2.   Stiff
  3.   Flexible
  4.   Effective
  5.   Attractive
  1. Choose the word which is most similarin meaning to the word given in bold as used in the context of the passage.

Benign

  1. Harmless
  2.   Hateful
  3.   Hostile
  4.   Initial
  5.   Final
  1. Choose the word which is most oppositein meaning to the word given in bold as used in the context of the passage.

Flouting

  1. Respect
  2.   Honour
  3.   Following
  4.   Repudiating
  5.   Disregard
  1. Choose the word which is most oppositein meaning to the word given in bold as used in the context of the passage.

Mitigation

  1. Alleviation
  2.   Reduction
  3.   Increase
  4.   Conquest
  5.   Cut
  1. Which of these is the main point highlighted by the author in the passage?
  1. The earthquake and tsunami vulnerability of coastal areas.
  2.   The importance of disaster management for coping with a catastrophe.
  3.   The need for international funds to reduce detrimental effects of a disaster.
  4.   The role of information technology in reducing the impacts of disaster.
  5.   All of the above.

Directions (11-15): In each of the question given below a/an idiom/phrase is given in bold which is then followed by five options which then tries to decipher its meaning as used in the sentence. Choose the option which gives the meaning of the phrase most appropriately in context of the given sentence.

  1. I am a round peg in a square wholein the group.
  1. star
  2.   leader
  3.   misfit
  4.   follower
  5.   refugee
  1. The event turned out to be a damp squib.
  1. exceptional
  2.   remarkable
  3.   praise-worthy
  4.   normal
  5.   disappointing
  1. When the illegal chit-fund business closed down, thousands lost their money in one fell swoop.
  1. miserably
  2.   at once
  3.   abruptly
  4.   eventually
  5.   gradually
  1. Have a seat and let’s chew the fatfor a while.
  1. eat
  2.   ponder
  3.   gossip
  4.   roam
  5.   walk
  1. No matter what you do, you will always find someone to give you a stick.
  1. praise
  2.   help
  3.   criticize
  4.   hold
  5.   fight

(Directions 16-20): In the given question, there is a sentence given which is divided into five parts labeled as A, B, C, D and E. There will be grammatical errors in any two parts of the sentence. From the options, choose the pair which contains errors.

  1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has been (A)/prodding banks to cut interest (B)/rates of existing customers (C)/ so lenders mostly limit their interest (D)/ rate cuts to new customers. (E)
  1. BC
  2.   CD
  3.   AC
  4.   BD
  5.   CE
  1. Cement demand has remained subdued since quite some time (A)/now, adversely impacted by factors including continued sand shortage and (B)/labour unavailability in certain pocket of the country, (C)/  implementation of the Real Estate Regulatory Authority (RERA) legislation (D)/ that resulted in construction activity slowing down and extended monsoons. (E)
  1. AB
  2.   BC
  3.   DE
  4.   AC
  5.   AD
  1. India’s criminal justice system has an acute backlog (A)/crisis, and data on pending investigation (B)/and trials published recently in the National Crime Records (C)/Bureau (NCRB) shows that this crisis (D)/ is becoming more severe with each passing year. (E)
  1. BC
  2.   BD
  3.   AC
  4.   CD
  5.   BE
  1. Placing Moller along the stalwarts (A)/of Indian classical music, (B)/ a rarity for Tansen Samaroh, may have (C)/surprised a few, but not them (D)/ who have seen him play. (E)
  1. BC
  2.   AE
  3.   AC
  4.   DE
  5.   AD
  1. Literally meaning “I leave it up to you” or “I entrust to you”, (A)/the concept of Omakase find its roots in Japan where one (B)/would typically enter a sushi restaurant, be seated at the counter (C)/ in front of the chef and allow the chef to prepare (D)/ a meal from the freshest ingredients he had that day. (E)
  1. BD
  2.   BC
  3.   AE
  4.   BE
  5.   All correct

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