“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk / IDBI Executive 2018 Day-48

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-48)

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Direction (1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.

Communist countries have always liked model workers. Zhang Xinsheng is China’s latest farmer to be anointed. He is no gnarled son of the soil but the owner of four companies and a farm where vegetables are grown under plastic sheets. In 2012, when he set up his agricultural venture in the central province of Henan, it took Zhang six months to amass 130 acres by persuading villagers to lease their plots of land. In 2017, he assembled another 116 acres in half that time — thanks, he told a local newspaper, to rural land reforms. He plans to triple his farm’s size and turn the village, Luodian, from a poor grower of grain into a specialist producer of vegetables. Zhang’s story exemplifies a profound transformation in Chinese agriculture that has been unfolding since the 1980s. It involves a shift away from a preoccupation with producing enough grain for the country’s needs, toward boosting rural incomes by encouraging farmers to grow more profitable crops and use scarce arable land more efficiently. The government is eager to speed up this change. It is not proving easy. China grows enough staples to feed its 1.4 billion people. The rice crop of 2017 was a record. Output of grains has risen more than 40 percent since 2003. Cereal yields per acre are higher than Canada’s. This is a stunning success for a country where millions starved in Mao’s Great Leap Forward, and has freed millions from the rural grind to join China’s industrial revolution. But these feats on the farm have come at a cost. China uses twice as much fertilizer and pesticide per hectare as the world average, contributing to catastrophic levels of soil pollution. In northern China, the country’s bread basket, wheat farmers use far more water than this bone-dry region can afford or replace. And because food quantity has taken priority over quality, there have been huge food scares. The rural economy remains backward. A recent agricultural census showed there were 314 million people employed in farming in 2016. That is 40 percent of China’s workforce. Yet agriculture accounts for less than 9 percent of GDP, which means that rural labor is still extremely unproductive. Moreover, the exodus from the land has slowed, implying that the problem of underemployment is not going away. The farming population fell by 100 million in the decade to 2006 but only 28 million in the following 10 years. Most of those still tilling the fields are old and ill-schooled. In 2016, more than half of all farmers were over 55 and almost half had only a primary education.

Since all successful Chinese revolutions have begun in the countryside, the Communist Party is alarmed. In October China’s president, Xi Jinping (whose Ph.D. thesis was on “rural marketization”), unveiled a “revitalization strategy” for the countryside that would “prioritize agriculture.” Though vague, the strategy signals a renewed emphasis on reforming two vital aspects of farming.

1). According to the passage what has been mentioned about farms of Zhang Xinsheng?

  1. High yield of rice crop
  2. Only Rural areas employed in farming
  3. Vegetables are grown under plastic sheets
  4. Less use of pesticide
  5. None of these
  1. A) and D)
  2. only C
  3. A), C) and D)
  4. B) and D)
  5. none of these

2). According to the passage output of grains has risen by what % since 2003 in china.

  1. 9%
  2. 53%
  3. 40%
  4. 45%
  5. 55%

3). According to the passage what is a reason of soil pollution in china.

  1. Heavy rainfall
  2. Low productivity of soil
  3. Use of old methods for irrigation
  4. Use of fertilizer and pesticide in high amount
  1. A) and B)
  2. only C)
  3. C) and D)
  4. only D)
  5. none of these

4). Which of the following is not true in the context of the passage?

  1. In 2016 more than half of all farmers were over 55 and almost half had only a primary education.
  2. Xinping story exemplifies a profound transformation in Chinese agriculture that has been unfolding since the 1980s.
  3. The farming population fell by 100m in the decade to 2006 but only 28m in the following three years.
  1. Only B)
  2. A) and C)
  3. only C)
  4. B) and C)
  5. A) and B)

5). Which province has been mentioned in the passage where Zhang Xinsheng had set up his agriculture venture?

  1. Luodian
  2. Fujian
  3. Zhejiang
  4. Henan
  5. Hunan

6). Which of the following is TRUE in the context of the passage?

  1. ZhangXinsheng plans to triple the size of farm of village Luodian transforming poor grower of grain into a specialist producer of vegetables.
  2. Xistory initiated a profound transformation towards boosting rural incomes by encouraging farmers to grow more profitable crops and use scarce arable land more efficiently
  3. China’s president, Xi Jinping unveiled a revitalization strategy for the countryside that would give priority to agriculture.
  1. a) and b)
  2. b) and c)
  3. only c)
  4. a) and c)
  5. none of these

7). According to the passage what are the reasons for downfall in the growth of farming sector of china.

  1. China uses twice as much fertilizer and pesticide perhectare as the world average.
  2. Food quality has taken priority over quantity.
  3. Northern China’s wheat farmers use far more water than this bone-dry region can afford or replace.
  1. Both B) and C)
  2. Only C)
  3. Both A) and C)
  4. Both A) and B)
  5. None of these

 8). Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word exodus printed in bold as used in the passage

  1. Evacuation
  2. Accession
  3. Entrance
  4. Arrival
  5. ingress

 9). Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the word exemplify printed in bold as used in the passage.

  1. Distort
  2. Symbolize
  3. Obscure
  4. Conceal
  5. Enigmatic

 10). Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning of the word anointed printed in bold as used in the passage

  1. Consecrate
  2. Grease
  3. Embrocate
  4. Curse
  5. Sanctify

 

Direction(11-15) choose the set of word for each blank that best fits sentence and are grammatically correct.

11) While the government has been in________mode, unleashing all investigative agencies to _______the fraud, this is the first major step by the central bank on the issue, apart from asking banks to ensure there are no slip-ups between their core banking systems and the SWIFT mechanism used for international money transfers

  1. Energetic, delving
  2. Firefighting, probe
  3. Reconciling, inquiry
  4. Vigorous, review
  5. Determination, audit

12) A significant amount of investment would go towards building infrastructure and technology and________supply chain management to achieve deeper _______in existing cities.

  1. Methodical, clearness
  2. Decisive, egression
  3. Efficient, penetration
  4. Systematic,evacuatiom
  5. Sluggish, invasion

13) The attachment _________the malware that hackers used to steal the Bank’s access code for SWIFT, a system that lenders use for international ___________, the codes were used to send transfer instructions for about $170 million to the Bank’s account at Citi Group in New York.

  1. Put into, bond
  2. Inserted, proceedings
  3. Disorganized, contract
  4. Actuate, deal
  5. Initiated,tansactions

14) USTR will continue to hold our trading partners accountable by vigorously ______________U.S. rights under our trade agreements and by_________fair and reciprocal trade through all available tools, including the WTO.

  1. Imposed, fostering
  2. Discharging, repressing
  3. Carry-out, advocate
  4. Implementing, patronize
  5. Enforcing, promoting

15) Beyond anti-trade rhetoric from the Trump Administration, the government of India dramatically increased customs duties in__________50 product categories in its 2018-19 Fiscal Budget, which will certainly be another point of _________ in future trade discussions.

  1. Almost, ratification
  2. Nearly, contention
  3. Intently, consideration
  4. Partial, dispute
  5. Purely, allegation

 

Direction (16-20) the sentences may contain multiple errors, find out which part of sentence has an error and mark the option given below as a),b),c),d). Choose e) as an option if you find out that sentence has no error.

16). The PM’s visits were marked by the launch of historic projects (A)/ and the initiation of schemes, aim at providing livelihood to the people of the (B)/region, the people of Meghalaya had never seen a train before 2014, but today work (C)/is underway laying a double-gauge railway line in the state (D)/

  1. B-D
  2. A-C
  3. A-B
  4. C-D
  5. No Error

17). When Ayurveda students took on a movement against discontinuation (A)/ of an EBC scholarship, Nawale and others team up with the (B)/SFI, “We thought it would not possible for a single organization to get students’ (C)/issues resolved, so we held joint protests with the SFI (D)/.

  1. A-C
  2. C-D
  3. B-C
  4. A-B
  5. No Error

18). According to Wisdomjobs.com’s ‘Hiring Pattern and Compensation Analysis in 2018’(A)/, recruitment sentiment are positive for this year as the industry (B)/has managed to ride on the impacts of demonetization, the revision (C)/in H1B visa regulations and the implementations of GST(D)/.

  1. B-C
  2. A-D
  3. C-D
  4. A-B
  5. No Error

19). The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, which is facing criticism through a section (A)/ of telecom operators for the Telecom Tariff Order issued last month pertaining (B)/to predatory tariffs, will soon come out with a checklist for service providers (C)/to ascertain whether if their offerings are predatory in nature or not (D)/.

  1. A-C
  2. B-D
  3. A-D
  4. B-C
  5. No Error

20). TRAI issued the tariff order, which prohibit significant market players operators with over 30 (A)/per cent market share from offering tariffs below their average variable cost with “a view to reduce (B)/competition or eliminate the competitors in the relevant market”, the sector watchdog also said that in case of (C)/tariff been found predatory, the service provider shall be liable to pay a penalty of Rs 50 lakh per tariff plan for each circle (D)/.

  1. A-C
  2. C-D
  3. B-C
  4. A-D
  5. No Error

Answers:

  1. Correct answer – b)

Explanation- it is mentioned in para 1 -He is no gnarled son of the soil but the owner off our companies and a farm where vegetables are grown under plastic sheets.

2. Correct answer – c)

Explanation- it is mentioned in para 1 -The rice crop of 2017 was a record; output of   grains has risen more than 40% since 2003.

3. Correct answer – d)

Explanation- it is mentioned in para 2- China uses twice as much fertilizer and pesticide per hectare as the world average, contributing to catastrophic levels of soil pollution.

4. Correct answer – d)

Explanation- it is mentioned in para 1 and 2- Mr. Zhang’s story exemplies a profound transformation in Chinese agriculture that has been unfolding since the 1980s, the farming population fell by 100m in the decade to 2006 but only 28m in the following ten years.

5. Correct answer – d)

Explanation- it is mentioned in para 1- In 2012, when he set up his agricultural venture in the central province of Henan, it took Mr. Zhang six months to a mass 53 hectares (130 acres) by persuading villagers to lease their plots of land.

6. Correct answer – d)

Explanation- it is mentioned in para 1& 3 Mr. Zhang’s story exemplies a profound transformation in Chinese agriculture that has been unfolding since the 1980s. It involves a shift away from a preoccupation with producing enough grain for the country’s needs, towards boosting rural incomes by encouraging farmers to grow more profitable crops and use scarce arable land more efficiently, China’s president, Xi Jinping unveiled a “revitalization strategy” for the countryside that would “prioritise agriculture

7. Correct answer – c)

Explanation- it is mentioned in para 2 China uses twice as much fertilizer and pesticide per hectare as the world average, contributing to catastrophic levels of soil pollution. In northern China, the country’s bread basket, wheat farmers use far more water than this bone-dry region can afford or replace.

8. Correct answer – a)

Explanation- exodus means a mass departure hence Evacuation is correct

9. Correct answer – b)

Explanation-exemplify means to symbolize

10. Correct answer – c)

Explanation-anointed means to bless or embrocate

Direction(11-15)

  1. Correct answer- b)

Explanation- the meaning of “firefighting” is “the practice of reacting to urgent problems as they arise, as opposed to planning for the future” and it is suitable for i  blank and the meaning of “probe” is “to investigate” so it is appropriate for ii blank.

12). Correct answer- c)

Explanation- the meaning of “efficient” is “well organized and productive” and it is suitable for i blanks and the meaning of “penetration” is “invasion or thrusting” so it is appropriate for ii blank.

13). Correct answer- e)

Explanation- the meaning of “Initiated” is “proposed or admitted” and it is suitable for i blanks and the meaning of “transactions” is “an instance of buying or selling something.” so it is appropriate for ii blank.

14). Correct answer- e)

Explanation- the meaning of “enforcing” is “to impose or execute” and it is suitable for i blanks and the meaning of “promoting” is “support or actively encourage” so it is appropriate for ii blank.

15). Correct answer- b)

Explanation- the meaning of “nearly” is “almost or closely” and it is suitable for i blanks and the meaning of “contention” is “heated disagreement.” so it is appropriate for ii blank.

Direction (16-20)

16). Correct answer- a)

Explanation- in part B aimed will be used in place of aim as sentence is in past tense and in part D to lay will be used in place of laying.

17). Correct answer- d)

Explanation- in part A took up which means begin or initiate will be used in place of took on and in part B teamed up will be used in place of team up.

18). Correct answer- a)

Explanation- in part B sentiments will be used in place sentiments and in part C ride out which means survive or endure will be used in place of ride on.

19). Correct answer- C)

Explanation- in part A from will be used in place of through and in part D there is superfluous error i.e. omit if as whether is already used.

20). Correct answer- d)

Explanation- in part A prohibits will be used in place of prohibit as tariff order is in singular form and in part D being will be used in place of been.

Daily Practice Test Schedule | Good Luck

Topic Daily Publishing Time
Daily News Papers & Editorials 8.00 AM
Current Affairs Quiz 9.00 AM
Logical Reasoning 10.00 AM
Quantitative Aptitude “20-20” 11.00 AM
Vocabulary (Based on The Hindu) 12.00 PM
Static GK Quiz 1.00 PM
English Language “20-20” 2.00 PM
Banking Awareness Quiz 3.00 PM
Reasoning Puzzles & Seating 4.00 PM
Daily Current Affairs Updates 5.00 PM
Data Interpretation / Application Sums (Topic Wise) 6.00 PM
Reasoning Ability “20-20” 7.00 PM
English Language (New Pattern Questions) 8.00 PM
General / Financial Awareness Quiz 9.00 PM

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