“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk / IDBI Executive 2018 Day-51

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-51)

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Direction (1-10): In a passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (a), (b), (c) and (d). You have to tell which word will best suit to the respective blank. Mark (e) as your answer if the word given in the bold after the blank is your answer i.e. “No change requires”

Given the apparent ease with which economic _ (1) _ [wrongdoer] flee India and cock a snook at the banking and judicial systems, the proposed law to seize their wealth is undoubtedly a welcome measure. In fact, given the public disquiet over the apparent _ (2) _ [permits] enjoyed by billionaire fraudsters living in the safety of foreign climes, any new law is likely to be viewed in a positive light. However, its success rides on the slim hope that the threat of _ (3) _ [annexed] of property will act as a serious _ (4) _ [stoppage] to those seeking to flee or as a big incentive for fugitives to return. Legal provisions to confiscate the assets of offenders already exist, but these are regarded as somewhat inadequate. The Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, which has been cleared by the Cabinet, aims to make up for the shortcomings and provide a fresh legal framework that would enable the confiscation of the property of those _ (5) _ [by passed] prosecution by fleeing the country or remaining abroad. From the provision in the Code of Criminal Procedure for attachment of the property of ‘proclaimed offenders’, to sections in Acts targeting smugglers, foreign exchange offenders and traffickers in narcotics, proceedings for forfeiture of property have been marked by shortcomings and procedural delays. But laws deemed _ (6) _ [sharp], such as the Smugglers and Foreign Exchange Manipulators (Forfeiture of Property) Act, 1976, have not exactly been a success. Experience has shown that disposal of confiscated assets is not easy, especially at a price sufficient to _ (7) _ [getting back] losses or pay off all creditors.

Under the Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, confiscation is not limited to the proceeds of crime, and extends to any asset owned by an offender, including benami property. Such clauses are liable for legal challenge, especially if there are third party interests and doubts about real ownership. Care must be taken to draft a law that is free from legal _ (8) _ [failing] from the point of view of fundamental rights and due process. The government has justified not linking the forfeiture clause to criminal conviction by citing the principle _ (9) _ [preserve] in the UN Convention against Corruption, which India_ (10) _ [uphold] in 2011.The Bill is reasonable in that a fugitive offender will cease to be one if he or she appears before court.

1)

  1. Criminals
  2. Offenders
  3. Malefactor
  4. Transgressor
  5. No change required

2)

  1. Incarceration
  2. Charity
  3. Impunity
  4. Prerogative
  5. No change required

3)

  1. Confiscation
  2. Arrogate
  3. Sequestrate
  4. Abnegation
  5. No change required

4)

  1. Shackles
  2. Restrained
  3. Incentive
  4. Deterrent
  5. No change required

5)

  1. Eschew
  2. Evading
  3. Confronting
  4. Prevaricate
  5. No change required

6)

  1. Rough
  2. Temperate
  3. Unkind
  4. Draconian
  5. No change required

7)

  1. Retrieving
  2. Downslide
  3. Recoup
  4. Compensating
  5. No change required

8)

  1. Shortcoming
  2. Robustness
  3. Enervation
  4. Infirmities
  5. No change required

9)

  1. Enshrined
  2. Sanctify
  3. Condemned
  4. Treasure
  5. No change required

10)

  1. Accredit
  2. Ratified
  3. Renounced
  4. Endorse
  5. No change required

Direction (11-15) The sentences may contain multiple errors, find out which part of sentence has an error and mark the option given below as a),b),c),d). Choose e) as an option if you find out that sentence has no error.

11). Plastics are now widely present in the environment, as visible waste over (A)/coastlines, in lakes and rivers, and even in the soil, the recent (B)/finding that micro plastic particles are found even in (C)/‘safe’ bottle water indicates the magnitude of the crisis (D)/ NO ERROR (E)/

  1. A-D
  2. B-C
  3. A-C
  4. B-D
  5. NO ERROR

12). The Supreme Court found that ₹28,000 crore meant for the welfare of construction workers lie (A)/stagnant on State coffers, this is mainly because successive governments have failed (B)/ to make use of this money for the health, safety or service conditions of unname and unsung (C)/construction workers, whom, the Supreme Court said, play a great role in “nation-building” (D)/NO ERROR (E)/

  1. B-C
  2. A-C
  3. C-D
  4. A-B
  5. NO ERROR

13). Trump’s government already has raised import duties on China made washing machines and (A)/ other goods to offset what it says are improper subsidies and is investigating (B)/whether Beijing pressures foreign companies to hand over technology, which might leading to (C)/trade penalties, that has prompted fears of Chinese retaliation (D)/NO ERROR (E)/

  1. B-C
  2. A-D
  3. C-D
  4. A-C
  5. NO ERROR

14). Hoping that “someone, somewhere at some point” may in the gravity of the (A)/situation, the Supreme Court issued a slew of guidelines for the government, (B)/including identity cards of workers and providing them maternity (C)/benefits, minimum wages and despite bring them under the MNREGA (D)/ NO ERROR (E)/

  1. A-B
  2. B-C
  3. A-D
  4. C-D
  5. NO ERROR

15). Making a particular mention of the Harley issue during a brief, the official, who did not wish to be (A)/named, said, “This administration is looking for a free, fair and reciprocal trade with India and so is seeking to see some (B)/of those tariffs such as on a Harley-Davidson motorcycles that are there. U.S. is determined to find the opportunities to (C)/ increase trade investment with India and does expect that there will be any sort of reciprocal dealings on the trade issues (D)/NO ERROR (E)/

  1. C-D
  2. A-C
  3. B-D
  4. A-D
  5. NO ERROR

 

DIRECTION ( 16-20) – The passage has been divided into several sentences, denoted by A),B),C),D).E) F) AND G). Read the sentence and arrange them in a manner that the sentences make a meaningful paragraph.

  1. The attendees spoke in one voice and the message was clear – it is unfair to discriminate against applicants from one country due to arbitrary per-country limit regulations.
  2. The rallies, to urge lawmakers to support to end the per-country limit on legal permanent residency were held over the weekend in Arkansas, Kentucky and Oregon.
  3. As awareness builds on this topic among the American public and lawmakers, they are joining the chorus asking for reform to address the discriminatory green card backlogs impacting employment based green card applicants from India.
  4. As a result, the current wait period for Indian skilled immigrants for green cards can be as long as 70 years.
  5. These limits were put in place when Lyndon Johnson was President of America and before even the first handheld calculator was invented – they do not work in this era.
  6. Hundreds of Indian professionals held peaceful rallies across the US, demanding an end to the long and massive green card backlog by eliminating arbitrary per-country limit regulations.
  7. Indian-Americans, most of whom are highly skilled and come to the US mainly on H-1B work visas are the worst sufferers of the current immigration system which imposes a seven per cent per-country quota on allotment of green cards or permanent legal residency.

16). Which sentence should be third in the paragraph?

  1. A
  2. D
  3. F
  4. G
  5. C

17). Which sentence should be fourth in the paragraph?

  1. B
  2. C
  3. G
  4. F
  5. E

18). Which sentence should be seventh in the paragraph?

  1. D
  2. A
  3. B
  4. E
  5. C

19). Which sentence should be fifth in the paragraph?

  1. G
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. A

20). Which sentence should be second in the paragraph?

  1. F
  2. D
  3. G
  4. B
  5. E

Answers:

1) Correct Answer is: b)

Explanation: according to the sentence “offenders” will be used as it means “a person who commits an illegal act”. Transgressor also means the same but according to sentence -the proposed law to seize their wealth is undoubtedly a welcome measure. Since “their” is used in the sentence so correct option would be offenders.

2) Correct Answer is: c)

Explanation: according to the sentence “impunity” will be used as it means “exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action”

3). Correct Answer is: a)

Explanation: according to the sentence “confiscation” will be used as it means “the action of taking or seizing someone’s property with authority”

4). Correct Answer is: d)

Explanation: according to the sentence “deterrent” will be used as it means “a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something”.

5). Correct Answer is: b)

Explanation: according to the sentence “evading” will be used as it means “escape or avoid someone or something”.

6). Correct Answer is: d)

Explanation: according to the sentence “draconian” will be used as it means “laws or their application excessively harsh and severe.

7). Correct Answer is: c)

Explanation: according to the sentence “recoup” will be used as it means “regain (something lost or expended or recover”.

8). Correct Answer is: d)

Explanation: according to the sentence “infirmity” will be used as it means “imperfection or disability”.

9). Correct Answer is: a)

Explanation: according to the sentence “enshrined” will be used as it means “preserve a right, tradition, or idea in a form that ensures it will be protected and respected.

10). Correct Answer is: b)

Explanation: according to the sentence “ratified” will be used as it means “sign or give formal consent to (a treaty, contract, or agreement), making it officially valid”

 

Direction (11-15)

11).Correct answer – a)

Explanation – in part a) it should be along which means next to or close by instead of over and in part d) it should be bottled in place of bottle

12). Correct answer –a)

Explanation – in part b) it should be in instead of on and in part c) it should be unnamed in place of unname.

13). Correct answer –d)

Explanation – in part a) it should be Chinese instead of china and in part c) it should be lead to in place of leading to

14). Correct answer – c)

Explanation – in part a) it should be under instead of in and in part d) despite is wrong it should be even.

15). Correct answer –d)

Explanation – in part a) it should be briefing instead of brief and in part d) it should be some in place of any.

 

DIRECTION ( 16-20)

The correct order of sentence after rearrangement is FGDBCAE

F) Hundreds of Indian professionals held peaceful rallies across the US, demanding an end to the long and massive green card backlog by eliminating arbitrary per-country limit regulations.

G) Indian-Americans, most of whom are highly skilled and come to the US mainly on H-1B work visas are the worst sufferers of the current immigration system which imposes a seven per cent per-country quota on allotment of green cards or permanent legal residency.

D) As a result, the current wait period for Indian skilled immigrants for green cards can be as long as 70 years.

B) The rallies, to urge lawmakers to support to end the per-country limit on legal permanent residency were held over the weekend in Arkansas, Kentucky and Oregon.

C) As awareness builds on this topic among the American public and lawmakers, they are joining the chorus asking for reform to address the discriminatory green card backlogs impacting employment based green card applicants from India

A) The attendees spoke in one voice and the message was clear – it is unfair to discriminate against applicants from one country due to arbitrary per-country limit regulations.

E) These limits were put in place when Lyndon Johnson was President of America and before even the first handheld calculator was invented – they do not work in this era.

EXPLANATION – The passage is about the rallies of Indian professionals who hold them to end green card backlog across US. The rallies were held over the weekend in Arkansas, Kentucky and Oregon and were done to urge lawmakers to support to end the per-country limit on legal permanent residency. As a result of which the current wait period for Indian skilled immigrants for green cards was declared to be as long as 70 years.

  1. Correct answer – b) D
  2. Correct answer- a) B
  3. Correct answer- d) E
  4. Correct answer- c) C
  5. Correct answer –c) G

Daily Practice Test Schedule | Good Luck

Topic Daily Publishing Time
Daily News Papers & Editorials 8.00 AM
Current Affairs Quiz 9.00 AM
Logical Reasoning 10.00 AM
Quantitative Aptitude “20-20” 11.00 AM
Vocabulary (Based on The Hindu) 12.00 PM
Static GK Quiz 1.00 PM
English Language “20-20” 2.00 PM
Banking Awareness Quiz 3.00 PM
Reasoning Puzzles & Seating 4.00 PM
Daily Current Affairs Updates 5.00 PM
Data Interpretation / Application Sums (Topic Wise) 6.00 PM
Reasoning Ability “20-20” 7.00 PM
English Language (New Pattern Questions) 8.00 PM
General / Financial Awareness Quiz 9.00 PM

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