“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk / IDBI Executive 2018 Day-59

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-59)

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Direction (1-10): In a passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Every blank has four alternative words given in options (A), (B), (C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit to the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the word given in the bold after the blank is your answer i.e. “No change requires”.

Less familiar, but just as important, is how AI will transform the workplace. Using AI, managers can gain extraordinary control over their employees. Amazon has _ (1) _ [posses]a wristband that tracks the hand movements of warehouse workers and uses vibrations to _ (2) _ [pushed] them into being more efficient. Humanyze, a startup, sells smart ID badges that can track employees around the office and reveal how well they interact with colleagues. Surveillance at work is nothing new. Factory workers have long clocked in and out; bosses can already see what idle workers do on their computers. But AI makes _ (3) _ [all-around]surveillance worthwhile, because every bit of data is potentially valuable. Few laws govern how data are collected at work, and many employees_ (4) _[sensitively] consent to surveillance when they sign their employment contract.

AI ought to improve productivity. Humanyze merges data from its badges with employees’ calendars and e-mails to work out, say, whether office layouts favour teamwork.Companies will see when workers are not just _ (5) _ [asleep] off but also misbehaving. They are starting to use AI to screen for anomalies in expense claims, _ (6) _ [identify] receipts from odd hours of the night more efficiently than a carbon-based beancounter can.Employees will gain, too. Thanks to strides in computer vision, AI can check that workers are wearing safety gear and that no one has been harmed on the factory floor. Cogito, a startup, has designed AI _ (7) _ [strengthen] software that listens to customer-service calls and assigns a/an “_ (8) _ [good-will] score” based on how compassionate agents are and how fast and how capably they settle complaints.People often have biases but algorithms, if designed correctly, can be more impartial. Software can flag patterns that people might miss. Textio, a startup that uses AI to improve job descriptions, has found that women are likelier to respond to a job that mentions “developing” a team rather than “managing” one. Yet AI’s benefits will come with many potential drawbacks. Algorithms may not be free of the biases of their programmers. They can also have _ (9) _ [unrevise] consequences. The length of a commute may predict whether an employee will quit a job, but this focus may _ (10) _ [negligent] harm poorer applicants.

1)

  1. Dominate
  2. Manifesting
  3. Patented
  4. Released
  5. No change required

2)

  1. Repress
  2. Nudge
  3. Poked
  4. Agitated
  5. No change required

3)

  1. Ubiquitous
  2. Undetailed
  3. Far-reaching
  4. Sporadic
  5. No change required

4)

  1. Frankly
  2. Discreetly
  3. Unguardedly
  4. Bluntly
  5. No change required

5)

  1. Dormant
  2. Reviving
  3. Drifted
  4. Dozing
  5. No change required

6)

  1. Summoned
  2. Flagging
  3. Energizing
  4. Lethargic
  5. No change required

7)

  1. Reinforcing
  2. Undermined
  3. Enhanced
  4. Aggrandize
  5. No change required

8)

  1. Empathy
  2. compassion
  3. disdain
  4. insight
  5. no change required

9)

  1. Unthoughtful
  2. unwitting
  3. Unintended
  4. Premeditated
  5. No change required

10)

  1. Heedless
  2. Unprepared
  3. Deliberately
  4. Inadvertently
  5. No change required

 

Direction (Q11-15): Five sentences denoted by A, B, C, D and E have been given. Identify the odd sentence and arrange rest of the four sentences in such a way that they make a meaningful paragraph.

11)

A) Second, the use of AI ought to be transparent, employees should be told what technologies are being used in their workplaces and which data are being gathered. As a matter of routine, algorithms used by firms to hire, fire and promote should be tested for bias and unintended consequences

B) As regulators and employers weigh the pros and cons of AI in the workplace, three principles ought to guide its spread.

C) First, data should be anonymised where possible. Microsoft, for example, has a product that shows individuals how they manage their time in the office, but gives managers information only in aggregated form.

D) Paid-by-the-hour workers in low-wage industries such as retailing will be especially vulnerable.

E) Last, countries should let individuals request their own data, whether they are ex-workers wishing to contest a dismissal or jobseekers hoping to demonstrate their ability to prospective employers.

  1. DECB
  2. BCAD
  3. BCAE
  4. CABD
  5. EACD

12)

A) Singh highlighted that the focus on the Northeast was showing transformation results. “The decision was that so far the 90:10 funding programme for the Northeast and hill States has now been made 100% funding by the Centre.”

B) The move would benefit 1 crore employees and cost the exchequer around Rs.6, 500 crore to Rs.10, 000 crore, he said at a press briefing after a Cabinet meeting.

C) (Mos.) Jitendra Singh said an important decision to do with the Northeast was taken by the Cabinet “In the last few years, the development being given to the Northeast has been like never before”.

D) The entire 12% contribution to the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) for new employees in the informal sector would be given by the government, Minister of State for Finance Santosh Kumar Gangwar said on Thursday.

E) From 2017-20, the sum would be Rs.2, 200 crore a year. This would benefit 10 lakh students over three years for those students whose family incomes are less than Rs.4.5 lakh a year.

  1. CADE
  2. ABCD
  3. EDAB
  4. DBCA
  5. BEAD

13)

A) Ever since, the lower riparian Tamil Nadu has been urging the Centre to set up CMB and Cauvery Water Regulatory Committee (CWRC) to ensure it receives its due share of water.

B) The Supreme Court had on February 16 pronounced its verdict on the Cauvery dispute between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

C) Superstar Rajinikanth on Thursday, March 29, 2018, batted for setting up of the Cauvery Management Board (CMB), saying it was the “only acceptable just solution for us” in the inter-state river water dispute involving Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

D) “The Centre should realize the aspirations of the people of Tamil Nadu and the delta farmers,” he had said.

E) On the Cauvery issue setting up of CMB will be the only acceptable just solution for us. I sincerely hope justice will prevail,” the actor tweeted.

  1. CEBA
  2. DECB
  3. ACBE
  4. EDAB
  5. BCDE

14)

A) We look forward to intensive discussions on a wide range of our cooperation agenda which includes infrastructure, business, security and people to people exchanges told Japanese Ambassador to India Kenji Hiramatsu.

B) India and Japan will discuss cooperation in the Indo-Pacific in the first high-level meeting since the Quadrilateral and iron out growing worries over bilateral trade as External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj meets Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono in Tokyo on Thursday.

C) “Among the discussions will be the next steps in the Quadrilateral engagement between India-Japan-US-Australia, a project initiated by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007, which was revived in 2017, with a meeting of officials of all four countries.

D) Japan’s development agency JICA provided India with soft loans of more than US$23.36 billion at minimal rates, becoming the biggest donor partner, while India is JICA’s largest recipient since 2008, with its biggest investment in the Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project.

E) The two sides are meeting for the ninth India-Japan Strategic Dialogue, instituted in 2007 as an annual dialogue held alternately in Delhi and Tokyo.

  1. DACB
  2. BEAC
  3. ABDE
  4. CABD
  5. BDAE

15)

A) Two aspects pertaining to the situation must be stated at the outset. First, not all the farmers are unwilling to sell their land.

B) In the village of Keezhattur in Kerala’s Kannur district, a section of farmers is holding out against the announced, but yet to be implemented, acquisition of their farm land. This is to enable a bypass for the national highway that already exists.

C) It was observed at Nandigram, West Bengal in 2007 when the government of Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee had tried to acquire farm land to be handed over to an Indonesian chemical firm.

D) Second, there is a strong presence of a political party, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI (M), which is not only aggressively abetting the land acquisition but also attempting to break the opposition to it.

E) The farmers agitating against the acquisition have come together under the banner Vayalkillikal which translates to ‘birds of the field’, flagging the assault on nature that it represents, they speak not only of the economic loss that the acquisition means to them but their opposition to the loss of habitat, water sources and other natural capital that they value for its own sake.

  1. CEAD
  2. BDAC
  3. ABCD
  4. BEAD
  5. EBCA

 

Direction (16-20) – In each of the following questions on phrase has been given and it has been followed by four sentences. You have to find out on which sentences phrase has been used properly according to its meaning and mark your answer from the options denoted a),b),c),d)Mark e) as your answer of you find that the phrase has been applied properly in all sentences.

16)     Pay back

  1. We have 450 people on the pay-back.
  2. He burst into tears, begging her to forgive him and swearing to pay back everything he had stolen.
  3.  Jinni knew how to pay them back for the trouble they had caused.
  4. It is understood that the loan has been paid back.
  1. i and iii
  2. iii and iv
  3. all except i
  4. ii and iv
  5. all are correct

17)     Nod off

  1. The judge appeared to nod off yesterday while a witness was being cross-examined.
  2. As the scotch took hold of my brain and I started to nod off I fell into a dream.
  3. At her age she ought to have been allowed to nod off in some warm chimney nook.
  4. He was reprimanded for nodding off in class.
  1. i and ii
  2. iii and iv
  3. all except ii
  4. i and iv
  5. All are correct

18)     Live on

  1. These fish live on small sea creatures such as shrimp.
  2. She tried to live her dreams on.
  3. Fears of war will live on after the actual conflict.
  4. You have to get home on time when you have a nanny who lives on.
  1. ii and iv
  2. i and ii
  3. iii and iv
  4. i and iii
  5. all are correct

19)     Jump to

  1. We don’t have much time to finish this job, so we better jump to it.
  2. Don’t jump to conclusions! Perhaps it was his daughter he was dancing with.
  3. Forgive me. I shouldn’t be jumping to conclusions.
  4. The bar was jumping to young people.
  1. ii and iii
  2. i and iv
  3. all except iv
  4. iii and iv
  5. all are correct

20)     Have on

  1. What does your boss have on this afternoon?
  2. the police had nothing on him, so they let him go
  3. We must have the electrician on to mend the fire.
  4. It’s better for people to tell us anything bad they have on their past than to have us find it.
  1. i and ii
  2. i and iv
  3. ii and iii
  4. iii and iv
  5. all are correct

Answers:

Direction (1-10):

1). Correct Answer is – c)

According to the sentence patented will be used as it means to acquire or to have copyright.

2). Correct Answer is – b)

According to the sentence nudge will be used as it means a light touch or push.

3). Correct Answer is – a)

According to the sentence ubiquitous will be used as it means a present, appearing, or found everywhere or worldwide.

4). Correct Answer is – c)

According to the sentence unguardedly will be used as it means Lacking protection or a guard; vulnerable

5). Correct Answer is – d)

According to the sentence dozing will be used as it means -sleep lightly or napping

6). Correct Answer is – b)

According to the sentence flagging will be used as it means to mark for attention or treatment in a specified way.

7). Correct Answer is – c)

According to the sentence enhanced will be used as it means to increase, or further improve the quality, value, or extent of.

8). Correct Answer is – a)

According to the sentence empathy will be used as it means the ability to understand and share the feelings of another.

9). Correct Answer is – c)

According to the sentence unintended will be used as it means not planned or meant.

10). Correct Answer is – d)

According to the sentence inadvertently will be used as it means without intention;   accidentally.

Direction (Q11-15):

11). Correct answer is – c)

B) As regulators and employers weigh the pros and cons of AI in the workplace, three principles ought to guide its spread.

C) First, data should be anonymised where possible. Microsoft, for example, has a product that shows individuals how they manage their time in the office, but gives managers information only in aggregated form.

A) Second, the use of AI ought to be transparent, employees should be told what technologies are being used in their workplaces and which data are being gathered. As a matter of routine, algorithms used by firms to hire, fire and promote should be tested for bias and unintended consequences.

E) Last, countries should let individuals request their own data, whether they are ex-workers wishing to contest a dismissal or jobseekers hoping to demonstrate their ability to prospective employers.

The passage is about the operation of an artificial intelligence in the workplace which is expected to transform it. For this there are three certain principles which are discussed first data should be tested and second the use of AI should be transparent and the third one is that it will let individuals request their own data.

12). Correct answer is –d)

D) The entire 12% contribution to the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) for new employees in the informal sector would be given by the government, Minister of State for Finance Santosh Kumar Gangwar said on Thursday.

B) The move would benefit 1 crore employees and cost the exchequer around Rs.6, 500 crore to Rs.10, 000 crore, he said at a press briefing after a Cabinet meeting.

C) (Mos.) Jitendra Singh said an important decision to do with the Northeast was taken by the Cabinet “In the last few years, the development being given to the Northeast has been like never before”.

A) Mr. Singh highlighted that the focus on the Northeast was showing transformation results. “The decision was that so far the 90:10 funding programme for the Northeast and hill States has now been made 100% funding by the Centre.”

The passage is about the decision of Government to give entire 12% contribution to Employees Provident Fund (EPF)  for new employees in informal sector and this step is expected to aid one crore employees. Also the passage state about the development of north east about which mos. jitendra Singh said that the area has shown transformation like never before. Three was also a decision regarding the funding program for northeast.

13). Correct Answer is – a)

C) Superstar Rajinikanth on Thursday, March 29, 2018, batted for setting up of the Cauvery Management Board (CMB), saying it was the “only acceptable just solution for us” in the inter-state river water dispute involving Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

E) “On the Cauvery issue setting up of CMB will be the only acceptable just solution for us. I sincerely hope justice will prevail,” the actor tweeted.

B) The Supreme Court had on February 16 pronounced its verdict on the Cauvery dispute between Tamil Nadu and Karnataka.

A) Ever since, the lower riparian Tamil Nadu has been urging the Centre to set up CMB and Cauvery Water Regulatory Committee (CWRC) to ensure it receives its due share of water.

The passage is about the inter-state river water dispute involving Tamil Nadu and Karnataka for which the only solution has been winked briefly by Superstar Rajinikanth which is to set up a Cauvery Management Board (CMB). Also Tamil nadu has also advocated for the setting up of Cauvery Management Board (CMB) and Cauvery Management Board (CMB).

14). Correct Answer is – b)

B) India and Japan will discuss cooperation in the Indo-Pacific in the first high-level meeting since the Quadrilateral and iron out growing worries over bilateral trade as External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj meets Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono in Tokyo on Thursday.

E) The two sides are meeting for the ninth India-Japan Strategic Dialogue, instituted in 2007 as an annual dialogue held alternately in Delhi and Tokyo.

A) “We look forward to intensive discussions on a wide range of our cooperation agenda which includes infrastructure, business, security and people to people exchanges told Japanese Ambassador to India Kenji Hiramatsu.

C) Among the discussions will be the next steps in the Quadrilateral engagement between India-Japan-US-Australia, a project initiated by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007, which was revived in 2017, with a meeting of officials of all four countries.

The passage is about the ninth Strategic Dialogue between India and japan to discusscooperation in the Indo-Pacific. The meeting held in Tokyo on Thursday in which External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj met Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono. It took place to discuss about the growing issue over the bilateral trade between both the countries

15). Correct Answer is – d)

B) In the village of Keezhattur in Kerala’s Kannur district, a section of farmers is holding out against the announced, but yet to be implemented, acquisition of their farm land. This is to enable a bypass for the national highway that already exists.

E) The farmers agitating against the acquisition have come together under the banner Vayalkillikal which translates to ‘birds of the field’, flagging the assault on nature that it represents, they speak not only of the economic loss that the acquisition means to them but their opposition to the loss of habitat, water sources and other natural capital that they value for its own sake.

A) Two aspects pertaining to the situation must be stated at the outset. First, not all the farmers are unwilling to sell their land.

D) Second, there is a strong presence of a political party, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) or CPI (M), which is not only aggressively abetting the land acquisition but also attempting to break the opposition to it.

The passage is about the struggle of a village of Keezhattur in Kerala’s Kannur district, against land acquisition highlighting the larger debate on striking the right balance. This has done in order to enable a bypass for the national highway that already exists. The farmer debating out there spoke about the economic loss that the acquisition means to them as well as about the loss of habitat.

 

Direction (16-20) –

16). Correct Answer is: c)

The meaning of “pay back” is to repay or an act of revenge or retaliation and the phrase has been applied properly in ii, iii and iv sentences.

17). Correct Answer is: e)

The meaning of “nod off” is to fall asleep or doze especially in a sitting position and the phrase has been applied properly in all the sentences.

18). Correct Answer is: d)

The meaning of “live on” is to depend on as a source of income or support or To persist, endure: and the phrase has been applied properly in i and iii sentences

19). Correct Answer is: c)

The meaning of “jump to” is to decide that something is true before one has all the facts and the phrase has been applied properly in i, ii and iii sentences.

20). Correct Answer is: a)

The meaning of “have on” is to wear, to have (a meeting or engagement) arranged as a commitment or to trick or tease (a person)and the phrase has been applied properly in i and ii sentences.

Daily Practice Test Schedule | Good Luck

Topic Daily Publishing Time
Daily News Papers & Editorials 8.00 AM
Current Affairs Quiz 9.00 AM
Logical Reasoning 10.00 AM
Quantitative Aptitude “20-20” 11.00 AM
Vocabulary (Based on The Hindu) 12.00 PM
Static GK Quiz 1.00 PM
English Language “20-20” 2.00 PM
Banking Awareness Quiz 3.00 PM
Reasoning Puzzles & Seating 4.00 PM
Daily Current Affairs Updates 5.00 PM
Data Interpretation / Application Sums (Topic Wise) 6.00 PM
Reasoning Ability “20-20” 7.00 PM
English Language (New Pattern Questions) 8.00 PM
General / Financial Awareness Quiz 9.00 PM

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