Important English Grammar Tips (Usage of Articles)

Dear Aspirants, Here we have given the Important English Grammar Tips in usage of Articles, candidates those who are preparing for the SBI, RBI, IBPS and all other competitive exams can make use of it.

Important English Grammar Tips

Now a days IBPS has changing the questions pattern of English Section more often, to tackle the English Section aspirants should be very strong in the Basic English Grammar. To help you in this aspect here we have given the Important English Grammar Tips in usage of Articles which will be more helpful to attend Error Spotting Questions.

A AN THE
‘A’ can be used before consonants and before ‘u’ (yu) and ‘o’ (wo) ‘AN’ can be used before five vowels (a, e, i, o, u) and consonant sound like (f, h, l, m, n, r, s & x) ‘THE’ can be used before individual nouns or already known nouns.

Usage of article ‘A’

THE PLACE OF USAGE THE USAGE OF ‘A’
A Consonant sound He is a student.
Singular nouns He is a teacher
Numbers I have a car.
Type of noun is or to be She wants to become a doctor.
Vowels with consonant sound It is a (not AN) useful thing.
A noun of particular type Each one should have a dictionary.
One of several He is a member of the committee.
Quantity I have a lot of money.
A proper noun(when compared) He is a Tendulkar in our team.
Some drinks Can you give me a cup of coffee?
Cost , frequency, speed It is a costly bangle.
Substances, products Good day is a tasty biscuit.
Noun formed from a verb shall we have a race this evening?
Feeling It is a relief to know that Ramesh is alive.
Particular day, season They came here on a Sunday evening.
They first of the two nouns We purchased a cup and saucer.
Vague sense A Ravi phoned you yesterday.
An individual representing A cow is a useful animal.

Usage of article ‘AN’

‘AN’ is used before vowels . ( a , e, i, o, u)

EXAMPLES

  1. One day an artificial old statue came to my village.
  2. I am reading an interesting story.
  3. What an ugly face that cat has.
  4. He is an engineer.
  5. I bought an orange.

‘AN ’  IS USED BEFORE A NOUN BEGINNING WITH A MUTE ‘H’.

  1. He is an honest man.
  2. I waited for an hour.

‘AN‘ IS USED BEFORE CONSONANT SOUNDS SUCH AS “F, H, L, M, N, R, S, AND X”

F –I have  an F.D. account at SBI.

H –  It is an H.M.T watch.

L – I am an L.I.C agent.

M – He is an M.B.A gratuate

N – You get an N.O.C certificate.

R – He is an RSS activist.

S –You sent an SMS.

X – He took  an x-ray.

Usage of article “THE”

Place of usage Usage of ‘the’
A particular noun You meet the man.
A noun already mentioned The boy you sent is smart.
Well known books He bought the Bhagavad Geetha
Unique nouns The sun sets in the west.
Newspaper and magazines Do you read the Hindu.
Musical instruments He knows to play the violin.
Superlatives I saw the darkest cloud yesterday.
The ordinals ( first, second,…) He was the first man to arrive.
Proper nouns The john that I know he is a doctor.
Natural resources, rivers,seas,bays,etc.., The Cauvery is the water source of Tamilnadu.
Common nouns in the sense of abstract nouns. He played the fool.
As an adverb The more the merrier.
Some countries, provinces The Irish republic.
Peoples, families The Indians, the Sharmas.
Singular as a representative of class The rose is a beautiful flower.
Adjectives used as nouns Hercules the novels of H.G. Walls.
Famous public buildings The red fort is in Delhi.
A noun to give the force of a superlative Today is he hottest day of the month.

OMISSION OF ARTICLES

  • Not used before school, college, church, hospital etc..,

Eg: Nancy goes to church every Sunday.

  • Not used before predicative nouns denoting a unique position.

Eg: He was elected Chairman of the Board.

  • In certain phrases consisting of transitive verb followed by its object.

Eg: He wants to work hard.

  • In certain phrases consisting of prepositions followed by its object.

Eg: She is at home.

  • Names of people.

Eg: This is Neena. ( not , This is a/an/the neena)

  • Names of states/ cities/ towns.

Eg: I live in Tamilnadu. (not , This is a/an/the Tamilnadu)

  • Names of days / months/ festivals.

Eg: She comes on Sunday. (not , This is a/an/the Sunday)

  • Names of continents/ countries.

Eg: He lives in America. (not , This is a/an/the America)

  • Names of languages.

Eg: We are learning English. (not , This is a/an/the English).

  • Names of subject of study.

Eg: He is a student of law. (not , This is a/an/the law).

Click Here for IBPS Clerk Mains Preparation Time Table (Day-1)

30 Days Study Plan for IBPS Clerk Mains 2017
Days Quantitative Aptitude Current Affairs Static GK / Banking Awareness Reasoning English
Day-1 Simplification, Wrong term in Number Series Sep 1-7 CMs and Governors / About RBI and its Responsibilities Coding and Decoding Errors in Articles and Preposition
Day-2 Average, Percentage and Partnership Sep 8-14 Country, Capital and Currency (1sthalf) – HQ of banks and Heads Blood Relationship Errors in Nouns and Pronouns

 

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