Standard Reasoning Questions with Explanation for SBI Clerk 2018 | Day-4
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Question 1 of 10
Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H were born on different dates i.e. 7^{th}, 10^{th}, 15^{th} and 24^{th} in these two months i.e. March and April. Four persons were born in each month on these dates. Their weights are different. Note: The person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3. G is 64kg and at least three persons were born after G. Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg. B is 7kg lighter to G. Fโs weight is 87kg. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F. H is 13kg heavier to D. H was born after F. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg. C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group.
1. Who among the following is the lightest person in the group?
Explanation:
Direction (1-5):
As we know the person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3.
G is 64kg so Gโs weight is multiple of 2 and at least three persons were born after G. It means G is either born on 10^{th} March or 24^{th} March because of even number dates.
Case 1: If G was born on 24^{th} March-
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
G (64)
April
Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. So D was born on 7^{th} March. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg then the one whose weight is 74kg was born on 24^{th} April. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg so B was born on 7^{th} April.
B is 7kg lighter to G then Bโs weight is (64-7) 57 kg.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
D
G (64)
April
B (57)
(74)
Fโs weight is 87kg so F was born on an odd number date. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F so Dโs weight is 69kg and F was born on 15^{th} March. H is 13kg heavier to D so Hโs weight is (69+13)=82kg. H was born after F so H was born on 10^{th} April.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
D (69)
F (87)
G (64)
April
B (57)
H (82)
(74)
One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg but from this case it is not possible so this case gets rejected.
Case 2: If G was born on 10^{th} March-
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
G (64)
April
Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. So D was born on 7^{th} April. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg then the one whose weight is 74kg was born on 24^{th} March. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg so B was born on 7^{th} March.
B is 7kg lighter to G then Bโs weight is (64-7) 57 kg.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
(74)
April
D
Fโs weight is 87kg so F was born on an odd number date. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F so Dโs weight is 69kg and F was born on 15^{th} April. H is 13kg heavier to D so Hโs weight is (69+13)=82kg. H was born after F so H was born on 24^{th} April. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg so the one whose weight is 56kg was born on 10^{th} April.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
(74)
April
D (69)
(56)
F (87)
H (82)
C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group. If E is 56kg then C will be 81kg then C cannot be heaviest person. It means E is 74kg then C is 74+25=99kg and A is 56kg.
Here is the final table:
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
C (99)
E (74)
April
D (69)
A (56)
F (87)
H (82)
Answer: B
A is the lightest person in the group.
Hence, option B.
Explanation:
Direction (1-5):
As we know the person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3.
G is 64kg so Gโs weight is multiple of 2 and at least three persons were born after G. It means G is either born on 10^{th} March or 24^{th} March because of even number dates.
Case 1: If G was born on 24^{th} March-
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
G (64)
April
Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. So D was born on 7^{th} March. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg then the one whose weight is 74kg was born on 24^{th} April. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg so B was born on 7^{th} April.
B is 7kg lighter to G then Bโs weight is (64-7) 57 kg.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
D
G (64)
April
B (57)
(74)
Fโs weight is 87kg so F was born on an odd number date. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F so Dโs weight is 69kg and F was born on 15^{th} March. H is 13kg heavier to D so Hโs weight is (69+13)=82kg. H was born after F so H was born on 10^{th} April.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
D (69)
F (87)
G (64)
April
B (57)
H (82)
(74)
One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg but from this case it is not possible so this case gets rejected.
Case 2: If G was born on 10^{th} March-
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
G (64)
April
Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. So D was born on 7^{th} April. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg then the one whose weight is 74kg was born on 24^{th} March. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg so B was born on 7^{th} March.
B is 7kg lighter to G then Bโs weight is (64-7) 57 kg.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
(74)
April
D
Fโs weight is 87kg so F was born on an odd number date. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F so Dโs weight is 69kg and F was born on 15^{th} April. H is 13kg heavier to D so Hโs weight is (69+13)=82kg. H was born after F so H was born on 24^{th} April. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg so the one whose weight is 56kg was born on 10^{th} April.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
(74)
April
D (69)
(56)
F (87)
H (82)
C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group. If E is 56kg then C will be 81kg then C cannot be heaviest person. It means E is 74kg then C is 74+25=99kg and A is 56kg.
Here is the final table:
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
C (99)
E (74)
April
D (69)
A (56)
F (87)
H (82)
Answer: B
A is the lightest person in the group.
Hence, option B.
Question 2 of 10
Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H were born on different dates i.e. 7^{th}, 10^{th}, 15^{th} and 24^{th} in these two months i.e. March and April. Four persons were born in each month on these dates. Their weights are different. Note: The person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3. G is 64kg and at least three persons were born after G. Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg. B is 7kg lighter to G. Fโs weight is 87kg. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F. H is 13kg heavier to D. H was born after F. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg. C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group.
2. How many persons were born between D and C?
Explanation:
Answer: B
One person was born between D and C.
Hence, option B.
Explanation:
Answer: B
One person was born between D and C.
Hence, option B.
Question 3 of 10
Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H were born on different dates i.e. 7^{th}, 10^{th}, 15^{th} and 24^{th} in these two months i.e. March and April. Four persons were born in each month on these dates. Their weights are different. Note: The person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3. G is 64kg and at least three persons were born after G. Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg. B is 7kg lighter to G. Fโs weight is 87kg. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F. H is 13kg heavier to D. H was born after F. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg. C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group.
3. Which of the following doesnโt belong to the group?
Explanation:
Answer: C
All the persons were born in March except F.
Hence, option C.
Explanation:
Answer: C
All the persons were born in March except F.
Hence, option C.
Question 4 of 10
Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H were born on different dates i.e. 7^{th}, 10^{th}, 15^{th} and 24^{th} in these two months i.e. March and April. Four persons were born in each month on these dates. Their weights are different. Note: The person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3. G is 64kg and at least three persons were born after G. Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg. B is 7kg lighter to G. Fโs weight is 87kg. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F. H is 13kg heavier to D. H was born after F. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg. C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group.
4. Which of the following combination is correct?
Explanation:
Answer: C
H was born on 24^{th} April.
Hence, option C.
Explanation:
Answer: C
H was born on 24^{th} April.
Hence, option C.
Question 5 of 10
Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H were born on different dates i.e. 7^{th}, 10^{th}, 15^{th} and 24^{th} in these two months i.e. March and April. Four persons were born in each month on these dates. Their weights are different. Note: The person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3. G is 64kg and at least three persons were born after G. Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg. B is 7kg lighter to G. Fโs weight is 87kg. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F. H is 13kg heavier to D. H was born after F. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg. C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group.
5. Who among the following is not the heavier than G?
Explanation:
Answer: D
A is not the heavier than G.
Hence, option D.
Explanation:
Answer: D
A is not the heavier than G.
Hence, option D.
Question 6 of 10
Direction (6-10): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
Click โStart Quizโ to attend these Questions and view Explanations
Direction (1-5): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
Eight persons A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H were born on different dates i.e. 7^{th}, 10^{th}, 15^{th} and 24^{th} in these two months i.e. March and April. Four persons were born in each month on these dates. Their weights are different. Note: The person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3. G is 64kg and at least three persons were born after G. Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg. B is 7kg lighter to G. Fโs weight is 87kg. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F. H is 13kg heavier to D. H was born after F. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg. C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group.
Who among the following is the lightest person in the group?
B
A
E
G
D
How many persons were born between D and C?
0
1
2
3
4
Which of the following doesnโt belong to the group?
B
G
F
C
E
Which of the following combination is correct?
C-74kg
B-56kg
H-24^{th} April
D-15^{th} March
A-57kg
Who among the following is not the heavier than G?
H
F
C
A
E
Direction (6-10): Study the information given below and answer the questions based on it.
If T is 24 years old then what can be the age of S?
26 years
28 years
27 years
9 years
30 years
How is U related to M?
Daughter
Mother
Daughter-in-law
Son-in-law
Son
How is R related to P?
Mother
Grandmother
Grandfather
Daughter
Son
How many male members are there in the family?
5
7
4
8
Canโt be determined
How is O related to T?
Brother
Son
Daughter
Father
Mother
Explanationsย
Direction (1-5):
As we know the person who born on an even numbered date is weight is multiple of 2 and the person who born on an odd numbered date is weight is multiple of 3.
G is 64kg so Gโs weight is multiple of 2 and at least three persons were born after G. It means G is either born on 10^{th} March or 24^{th} March because of even number dates.
Case 1: If G was born on 24^{th} March-
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
G (64)
April
Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. So D was born on 7^{th} March. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg then the one whose weight is 74kg was born on 24^{th} April. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg so B was born on 7^{th} April.
B is 7kg lighter to G then Bโs weight is (64-7) 57 kg.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
D
G (64)
April
B (57)
(74)
Fโs weight is 87kg so F was born on an odd number date. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F so Dโs weight is 69kg and F was born on 15^{th} March. H is 13kg heavier to D so Hโs weight is (69+13)=82kg. H was born after F so H was born on 10^{th} April.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
D (69)
F (87)
G (64)
April
B (57)
H (82)
(74)
One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg but from this case it is not possible so this case gets rejected.
Case 2: If G was born on 10^{th} March-
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
G (64)
April
Two persons were born between G and D and D was not born on 15^{th} of any of these months. So D was born on 7^{th} April. The number of person born after D is same as before the one whose weight is 74kg then the one whose weight is 74kg was born on 24^{th} March. Two persons were born between the one whose weight is 74kg and B. B was born before the one whose weight is 74kg so B was born on 7^{th} March.
B is 7kg lighter to G then Bโs weight is (64-7) 57 kg.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
(74)
April
D
Fโs weight is 87kg so F was born on an odd number date. One person was born between F and the one whose weight is 69kg. The one whose weight is 69kg was born before F so Dโs weight is 69kg and F was born on 15^{th} April. H is 13kg heavier to D so Hโs weight is (69+13)=82kg. H was born after F so H was born on 24^{th} April. One person was born between H and the one whose weight is 56kg so the one whose weight is 56kg was born on 10^{th} April.
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
(74)
April
D (69)
(56)
F (87)
H (82)
C is 25kg heavier to E and C is the heaviest person in the group. If E is 56kg then C will be 81kg then C cannot be heaviest person. It means E is 74kg then C is 74+25=99kg and A is 56kg.
ย
Here is the final table:
Month
7^{th}
10^{th}
15^{th}
24^{th}
March
B (57)
G (64)
C (99)
E (74)
April
D (69)
A (56)
F (87)
H (82)
Answer: B
A is the lightest person in the group.
Hence, option B.
Answer: B
One person was born between D and C.
Hence, option B.
Answer: C
All the persons were born in March except F.
Hence, option C.
Answer: C
H was born on 24^{th} April.
Hence, option C.
Answer: D
A is not the heavier than G.
Hence, option D.
ย
Direction (6-10)
Family Tree:
ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย
Answer: D
As T is mother of S so S is younger to T then S is 9 years old.
Hence, option D.
Answer: C
U is daughter-in-law of M.
Hence, option C.
Answer: B
R is grandmother of P.
Hence, option B.
Answer: E
We donโt know the gender of S. So canโt be determined.