SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Presumptions (Noun) – अनुमान या धारणा
Definition: behaviour perceived as arrogant, disrespectful, and transgressing the limits of what is permitted or appropriate.
Synonyms: brazenness, audacity, boldness, audaciousness, temerity, arrogance,
egotism, front, presumptuousness, pertness, forwardness
Antonyms: peace, calm, soft.
Usage: he lifted her off the ground, and she was enraged at his presumption
2). Convict (verb) – अपराधी घोषित करना
Definition: declare (someone) to be guilty of a criminal offence by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law.
Synonyms: declare/find/pronounce guilty
Antonyms: acquit, clear
Usage: her former boyfriend was convicted of assaulting her
3). Verdict (Noun) – निर्णय
Definition: a decision on an issue of fact in a civil or criminal case or an inquest.
Synonyms: judgement, adjudication, adjudgement, decision, finding, ruling, resolution, pronouncement, decree
Antonyms: guess, deadlock, halt, standoff.
Usage: the jury returned a verdict of not guilty
4). Felicitate (Verb) — सम्मानित करना
Definition: congratulate, praising others.
Synonyms: commend, salute, praise.
Antonyms: criticize, reject, disapprove.
Usage: the award winner was felicitated by the cultural association
5). Acquittal (Noun) – दोषमुक्ति
Definition: a judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged.
Synonyms: absolution, clearing, exoneration, exculpation, declaration of innocence
Antonyms: blame, hold, hiring.
Usage: the trial resulted in an acquittal
6). Savagely (Adverb) – जंगलीपन से
Definition: in a fierce, violent, and uncontrolled manner.
Synonyms: brutally, viciously, inhumanly.
Antonyms: peacefully, gently, elegantly.
Usage: a schoolgirl has been savagely attacked by a dog
7). Hobnobbed (Verb) – दोस्ती करना
Definition: mix socially, especially with those of perceived higher social status.
Synonyms: socialize, mix, pal, consort.
Usage: he was hobnobbing with the great and good
8). Onlookers (Noun) – दर्शक
Definition: a non-participating observer; a spectator.
Synonyms: eyewitness, witness, observer, looker-on, fly on the wall, spectator, watcher, viewer, sightseer
Usage: a crowd of fascinated onlookers
9). Presumed (Verb) – प्रकल्पित करना
Definition: be arrogant or impertinent enough to do something.
Synonyms: venture, dare, have the temerity, have the audacity, have the effrontery, be so bold as, make so bold as
Antonyms: calculate, doubt, disregard.
Usage: kindly don’t presume to issue me orders in my own house
10). Exigencies (Noun) – मजबूरियों
Definition: an urgent need or demand.
Synonyms: need, demand, requirement, want
Antonyms: ease, easiness, ordinariness.
Usage: women worked long hours when the exigencies of the family economy demanded it
11). Retaliatory (Adjective) – प्रतिशोध का
Definition: (of an action) characterized by a desire for revenge.
Synonyms: penal, punishing, retaliatory.
Antonyms: beneficial, reward.
Usage: fears of a retaliatory attack by the victim’s friends
12). Amicably (Adverb) – मित्रभाव से
Definition: in a friendly and peaceable manner.
Synonyms: gently, kindly, politely.
Antonyms: dissenting, unpleasantly, unwillingly
Usage: they have amicably resolved their outstanding dispute