SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1). Apotheosised (Verb) — देवता मानना
Definition: elevate to, or as if to, the rank of a god; idolize.
Synonyms: dignify, elevate, ennoble, exalt, glorify, magnify, uplift.
Antonyms: diminish, decrease.
Usage: we had the feeling that Roosevelt had not so much died as been apotheosized
2). Dissent (Noun) — असहमति
Definition: the holding or expression of opinions at variance with those commonly or officially held.
Synonyms: disagreement, lack of agreement, difference of opinion, argument, dispute
Antonyms: agree, accept, approve.
Usage: there was no dissent from this view
3). Brutal (Adjective) — निर्दय
Definition: savagely violent.
Synonyms: savage, cruel, bloodthirsty, vicious, ferocious, barbaric, barbarous, wicked
Antonyms: gentle, humane
Usage: a brutal murder
4). Brutalised (Verb) – क्रूर होना
Definition: make (someone) cruel, violent, or insensitive to the pain of others by repeated exposure to violence.
Synonyms: desensitize, dehumanize, harden, toughen, case-harden, inure, make unfeeling, make callous
Antonyms: peace, calm, polite.
Usage: he had been brutalized in prison and become cynical
5). Reprieve (Verb) — अवकाश देना
Definition: cancel or postpone the punishment of (someone, especially someone condemned to death).
Synonyms: grant a stay of execution to, cancel/postpone/commute/remit someone’s punishment
Antonyms: charge, punish
Usage: under the new regime, prisoners under sentence of death were reprieved
6). Yearning (Noun) — तड़प
Definition: a feeling of intense longing for something.
Synonyms: longing, pining, craving, desire, want, wish, hankering, urge, need, hunger, hungering, thirst
Antonyms: hate, despise, abjure.
Usage: he felt a yearning for the mountains
7). Preponderance (Noun) — प्रधानता
Definition: the quality or fact of being greater in number, quantity, or importance.
Synonyms: prevalence, predominance, dominance
Antonyms: disadvantage, inferiority, surrender.
Usage: the preponderance of women among older people
8). Contingent (Adjective) — आकस्मिक
Definition: subject to chance.
Synonyms: chance, accidental, fortuitous, impossible, unforeseen, unforeseeable, unexpected, unpredicted
Usage: the contingent nature of the job
9). Disbursement (Noun) — भुगतान
Definition: the payment of money from a fund.
Synonyms: payment, disbursal, paying out, laying out, spending, expending, expenditure, disposal
Antonyms: deposit, saving.
Usage: they established a committee to supervise the disbursement of aid
10). Ludicrous (Adjective) — ऊटपटांग
Definition: so foolish, unreasonable, or out of place as to be amusing.
Synonyms: absurd, ridiculous, farcical, laughable, risible, preposterous, foolish, idiotic, stupid, inane, silly
Antonyms: practical, realistic, responsible, full of common sense, reasonable, rational, logical, sound
Usage: it’s ludicrous that I have been fined
11). Avert (Verb) — टालना
Definition: turn away (one’s eyes or thoughts).
Synonyms: turn aside, turn away, turn to one side
Antonyms: aid, allow, assist, help.
Usage: she averted her eyes while we made stilted conversation