The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 48

Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.

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1) Steadfast (Adjective) दृढ़

Definition: Resolutely or dutifully firm and unwavering.

Synonyms: Loyal, Faithful, Committed, Devoted

Antonyms: Disloyal, Irresolute

Usage: The Shiromani Akali Dal has been among the most steadfast allies of the Bharatiya Janata Party, the two parties having been in coalition since 1998.

 

2) Efficacy (Noun) प्रभावोत्पादकता

Definition: The ability to produce a desired or intended result.

Synonyms: Effectiveness, Success,

Antonyms: Inefficacy

Usage: The BJP has signalled its awareness of the efficacy of coherent pre-poll coalitions based on the party’s strengths in these States.

 

3) Attrition (Noun) संघर्षण

Definition: The process of reducing something’s strength or effectiveness through sustained attack or pressure.

Synonyms: Abrasion, Friction, Rubbing

Antonyms: Gain, Increase

Usage: The BJP-led National Democratic Alliance has seen some attrition since 2014.

 

4) Mishmash (Noun) — घपला

Definition: A confused mixture.

Synonyms: Jumble, Mess, Confusion, Hotchpotch

Usage: A mishmash of outmoded ideas

 

5) Bonhomie (Noun) — खुशमिज़ाजी

Definition: Cheerful friendliness; geniality.

Synonyms: Geniality, Congeniality, Conviviality

Antonyms: Coldness

Usage: The bonhomie between the two leaders after last year’s Singapore summit was missing in Hanoi.

 

6) Liaison (Noun) मेल जोल

Definition: Communication or cooperation which facilitates a close working relationship between people or organizations.

Synonyms: Cooperation, Contact, Association

Antonyms: Variability, Variance

Usage: The U.S. would declare an end to the Korean war and that both countries would open liaison offices in each other’s capitals as part of normalisation of ties.

 

7) Vagary (Noun) — ताकत

Definition: An unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone’s behaviour.

Synonyms: Quirk, Idiosyncrasy, Peculiarity, Oddity

Antonyms: Actuality, Certainty, Fact

Usage: The UBI is neither an antidote to the vagaries of market forces nor a substitute for basic public services, especially health and education.

 

8) Penury (Noun) – दरिद्रता

Definition: The state of being very poor; extreme poverty.

Synonyms: Impoverishment, Indigence, Need, Neediness, Want, Destitution

Antonyms: Wealth, Affluence

Usage: Various welfare schemes have also failed to bring them out of penury.

 

9) Exorbitant (Adjective) – अत्यधिक

Definition: (of a price or amount charged

Definition: (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high.

Synonyms: Extortionate, Excessively high, Extremely high, Excessive, Sky-high, Prohibitive.

Antonyms: Reasonable, Competitive

Usage: These groups have to borrow from moneylenders and adhatiyas at exorbitant interest rates ranging from 24 to 60%.

 

10)  Bleak (Adjective) — अक्रोधी, अप्रभावी

Definition: (of a situation) not hopeful or encouraging; unlikely to have a favourable outcome.

Synonyms: Unpromising, Unfavourable, Unpropitious, Inauspicious, Adverse,

Antonyms: Promising, Hopeful

Usage: The rapid pace of automation of low-skill jobs and formalisation of the retail sector mean the prospects of these groups are even bleaker.

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