The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary – Day 189

Dear Readers, Here we have given The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary helpful for Upcoming Bank PO, SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it.

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1) Prevalence (Noun)व्यापकता

Meaning: the fact or condition of being prevalent; commonness.

Synonyms:       commonness, currency, widespread presence

Antonyms: infrequency, rareness, uncommonness

Usage: “the prevalence of obesity in adults”

 

2) Chronic (Adjective)चिरकारी

Meaning: (of an illness) persisting for a long time or constantly recurring.

Synonyms:       persistent, long-standing, long-term

Antonyms: acute

Usage: “chronic bronchitis”

 

3) Diktat (Noun)फरमान

Meaning: an order or decree imposed by someone in power without popular consent.

Synonyms: decree, directive, edict

Antonyms: denial, disapproval, opposition

Usage: “a diktat from the Bundestag”

 

4) Spur (Noun)प्रेरणा

Meaning: a thing that prompts or encourages someone; an incentive.

Synonyms:       stimulus, incentive, encouragement

Antonyms:        disincentive, discouragement

Usage: “wars act as a spur to practical invention”

 

5) Caveat (Noun)चेतावनी

Meaning: a warning or proviso of specific stipulations, conditions, or limitations.

Synonyms:       warning, caution, admonition

Antonyms: imprudence, indiscretion

Usage: “there are a number of caveats which concern the validity of the assessment results”

 

6) Conundrum (Noun)पहेली

Meaning: a confusing and difficult problem or question.

Synonyms:       problem, difficult question, vexed question

Antonyms: confidence, simplicity, solution

Usage: “one of the most difficult conundrums for the experts”

 

7) Conviction (Noun)दोषसिद्धि

Meaning: a formal declaration by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law that someone is guilty of a criminal offence.

Synonyms: declaration/pronouncement of guilt

Antonyms: acquittal

Usage: “she had a previous conviction for a similar offence”

 

8) Beleaguered (Verb)मुश्किल स्थिति में डालना

Meaning: put in a very difficult situation.

Synonyms:       hard-pressed, troubled

Antonyms: carefree, relaxed, untroubled

Usage: “the board is supporting the beleaguered director”

 

9) Becalmed (Verb)स्तब्ध रहना

Meaning: leave (a sailing ship) unable to move through lack of wind.

Synonyms:       stranded, stuck, marooned

Antonyms: agitated, discomposed, disquieted

Usage: “both boats hung on before the whole fleet was becalmed south of Rampholme”

 

10) Leeway (Noun)स्वतंत्रता

Meaning: the amount of freedom to move or act that is available.

Synonyms:       freedom, scope, room to manoeuvre

Antonyms:        constraint, restriction

Usage: “the government had greater leeway to introduce reforms”

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