SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1) Devastation (Noun) — तबाही
Definition: Great destruction or damage.
Synonyms: Destruction, Ruin, Desolation, Depredation
Antonyms: Building, Construction, Erection, Raising
Usage: The devastation suffered by tens of thousands of people in several districts of the State has been severe.
2) Heave (Verb) – राहत की सांस लेना
Definition: Lift or haul (something heavy) with great effort.
Synonyms: Haul, Pull, Lug, Manhandle, Drag
Usage: when the cyclone struck, the State heaved a sigh of relief since the death toll was relatively low.
3) Displacement (Verb) — विस्थापन
Definition: The enforced departure of people from their homes, typically because of war, persecution, or natural disaster.
Synonyms: Ostracism, Extradition, Diaspora, Dispersion
Antonyms: Repatriation, Return, Immigration
Usage: It is now clear that the suffering, the loss, and the displacement in large parts of Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam, Thanjavur and Pudukottai districts is of an enormous magnitude.
4) Distraught (Adjective) — व्याकुल
Definition: Very worried and upset.
Synonyms: Worried, Upset, Distressed, Fraught
Antonyms: Calm, Peaceful, Placid, Self-Possessed, Serene
Usage: Communities in the affected areas are distraught as houses have collapsed, farms lie ruined, water sources are contaminated and electricity supply remains disrupted.
5) Cripple (Adjective) — क्षतिग्रस्त
Definition: Severely damaged.
Synonyms: Ruin, Destroy, Wipe Out, Crush
Usage: The cyclone has crippled agriculture and livelihoods in a fertile region, felling thousands of productive trees and killing livestock.
6) Hobble (Verb) — लंगड़ाना
Definition: Walk in an awkward way, typically because of pain from an injury.
Synonyms: Limp, Walk with a limp, Walk with difficulty
Usage: Between 60% and 80% of the coconut trees in the region have fallen, hobbling Tamil Nadu’s farmers, who contribute a quarter of India’s coconuts with the highest unit yield.
7) Moratorium (Noun) — अधिस्थगन
Definition: A temporary prohibition of an activity.
Synonyms: Embargo, Ban, Prohibition, Suspension
Antonyms: Continuance, Continuation
Usage: It is equally important to assure the large number of stricken farmers that there will be a moratorium on any agricultural loans that they have taken, while a fair compensation scheme is prepared.
8) Paupers (Noun) — कंगाल
Definition: A very poor person
Synonyms: Poor person, Indigent, Bankrupt, Insolvent
Antonyms: Rich, Wealthy
Usage: Many of them have invested in trees and livestock expecting long-term returns, but have been rendered paupers overnight.
9) Mitigation (Noun) — शमन
Definition: The action of reducing the severity, seriousness, or painfulness of something.
Synonyms: Alleviation, Reduction, Diminution
Usage: The Tamil Nadu government has given the Centre a memorandum seeking nearly ₹15,000 crore for restoration, rehabilitation and mitigation, besides ₹1,431 crore for immediate relief work.
10) Wrought (Adjective) — गढ़ा
Definition: Beaten out or shaped by hammering.
Synonyms: Composition, Number, Opus
Usage: Cyclone Gaja has wrought terrible devastation, and the relief programme must match it in scale.
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