SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1) Tumble (Verb) – अचानक गिर जाना
Definition: Fall suddenly, clumsily, or headlong.
Synonyms: Hurry, Rush, Scramble
Antonyms: Rise, Soar
Usage: The price of India’s crude basket tumbled almost 30% to below $60 by end-November from $85 in early October.
2) Endure (Verb) – सहना
Definition: Suffer (something painful or difficult) patiently.
Synonyms: Undergo, Go Through, Live Through, Experience
Antonyms: Fade, Short-lived
Usage: It foresees the softness in prices enduring through the April-September half of next year.
3) Bolster (Verb) — समर्थन या मजबूत करना
Definition: Support or strengthen.
Synonyms: Strengthen, Support, Reinforce
Usage: The MPC’s decision to stand pat on rates must also have been bolstered by the findings in the RBI’s November survey of households’ inflation expectations.
4) Prognosis (Noun) — प्राग्ज्ञान
Definition: A forecast of the likely outcome of a situation.
Synonyms: Forecast, Prediction, Projection, Prognostication
Antonyms: Calculation, Measurement
Usage: On growth, the monetary authority has largely stuck with its prognosis from October.
5) Perishable (Adjective) — नाश होने योग्य
Definition: (Especially of food) likely to decay or go bad quickly.
Synonyms: Biodegradable; Putrefiable
Antonyms: Continuation, Endurance
Usage: The RBI reckons there is the clear and present danger of a sudden reversal, especially in prices of volatile perishable items.
6) Buttress (Verb) – पुश्ता देना
Definition: Increase the strength of or justification for; reinforce.
Synonyms: Strengthen, Reinforce, Fortify, Support
Antonyms: Undercut, Undermine, Weaken
Usage: A mass of circumstantial evidence buttresses the prosecutor’s case
7) Opportune (Adjective) — समयानुकूल
Definition: (Of a time) especially convenient or appropriate for a particular action or event.
Synonyms: Auspicious, Propitious, Favourable, Advantageous
Antonyms: Disadvantageous, Ill-timed
Usage: He couldn’t have arrived at a less opportune moment.
8) Prudence (Noun) – समझदारी
Definition: The quality of being prudent; cautiousness.
Synonyms: Wisdom, Judgement, Good judgement
Antonyms: Folly, Recklessness
Usage: We need to exercise prudence in such important matters.
9) Adverse (Adjective) — विपरीत
Definition: Preventing success or development; harmful; unfavourable.
Synonyms: Unfavourable, Disadvantageous, Inauspicious
Antonyms: Favourable, Beneficial, Positive, Friendly
Usage: Taxes are having an adverse effect on production
10) Funnel (Verb) – मार्गदर्शन करना
Definition: Guide or channel (something) through or as if through a funnel.
Synonyms: Channel, Guide, Feed, Direct, Convey
Antonyms: Scatter, Splurge
Usage: Some $12.8 billion was funnelled through the Marshall Plan