SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1) Abysmal (Adjective) — बेहद खराब या भय उत्पन्न करनेवाला
Definition: Extremely bad; Appalling.
Synonyms: Dreadful, Awful, Terrible, Frightful, Atrocious
Usage: Given the abysmal rate of convictions in the country, it is inexcusable that it took so long.
2) Emphasize (Verb) — महत्त्व देना
Definition: Give special importance or value to (something) in speaking or writing.
Synonyms: Highlight, Point Up, Spotlight
Antonyms: Understate, Play down
Usage: The need to protect witnesses has been emphasised by Law Commission reports and court judgments for years.
3) Acquittal (Noun) — दोषमुक्ति
Definition: A judgement or verdict that a person is not guilty of the crime with which they have been charged
Synonyms: Absolution, Clearing, Exoneration
Usage: Witnesses turning hostile is a major reason for most acquittals.
4) Tardy (Adjective) – अपेक्षित समय से विलंबित
Definition: Delaying or delayed beyond the right or expected time; late.
Synonyms: Crawling, Creeping, Dallying, Dawdling, Dilatory
Antonyms: Early, Inopportune, Precocious, Premature
Usage: The tardy judicial process seldom takes into account the distance they have travelled or the time they have lost in attending co.urt
5) Pathetic (Adjective) — दयनीय
Definition: Arousing pity, especially through vulnerability or sadness.
Synonyms: Pitiful, Pitiable, Moving, Touching, Poignant
Antonyms: Comical, Cheerful
Usage: As Justice A.K. Sikri points out, the condition of witnesses in the Indian legal system is “pathetic”, as it takes them for granted.
6) Gratify (Verb) — कृतार्थ करना
Definition: give (someone) pleasure or satisfaction.
Synonyms: please, gladden, delight, make someone feel good, satisfy
Antonyms: displease, frustrate
Usage: It is gratifying that the court has played a proactive role in getting the Centre and the States to come up with a concrete proposal.
7) Minutiae (Noun) — छोटे, सटीक, या मामूली विवरण
Definition: The small, precise, or trivial details of something.
Synonyms: Details, Niceties, Subtleties, Finer Points, Particulars
Usage: In its minutiae the scheme appears workable, but its efficacy will be confirmed only with the passage of time.
8) Competent (Adjective) — सामथर्यवान
Definition: Having the necessary ability, knowledge, or skill to do something successfully.
Synonyms: Capable, Able, Proficient, Adept, Adroit.
Antonyms: Incompetent, Inadequate.
Usage: A witness protection order will be passed by a competent authority.
9) Proximate (Adjective) — निकटस्थ
Definition: (Especially of the cause of something) closest in relationship; immediate.
Synonyms: Approaching, Coming, Forthcoming, Imminent
Antonyms: Bygone, Erstwhile, Foregone, Former
Usage: Basic features such as in camera trial, proximate physical protection and anonymising of testimony and references to witnesses in the records are not difficult to implement.
10) Totter (Verb) — लड़खड़ाते हुए चलना
Definition: move in a feeble or unsteady way.
Synonyms: teeter, walk unsteadily, stagger, wobble, stumble
Antonyms: controlled, firm, settled, stable, steady
Usage: the scheme could help strengthen India’s tottering criminal justice system.