SSC and all Competitive Exams. Explore The Hindu Editorial with Vocabulary to score good marks in English Section. Start practising this vocabulary to increase your word power. While reading a passage you have to highlight tough words in it and analyse the correct meaning of those words. This will help you understand the passage clearly and also you can learn more new words, it means also you can develop your vocabulary. To help you in this part we have provided an English Vocabulary passage along with meaning, synonyms and usages of hard words in the passage, make use of it. We also providing Important Vocabulary Quiz based on “THE ECONOMIST” and “THE HINDU”
1) Turnaround (Noun) – अप्रत्याशित परिवर्तन
Definition: An abrupt or unexpected change, especially one that results in a more favourable situation.
Synonyms: About-face, About-turn
Antonyms: Approval, Enactment, Validation
Usage: Signs of a turnaround: on RBI’s Financial Stability Report
2) Vigil (Noun) – सतर्कता
Definition: A changing from one policy or point of view to virtually its exact opposite
Synonyms: Observance, Patrol, Attention, Awareness
Antonyms: Disregard, Heedlessness, Ignorance, Indifference
Usage: Regulatory vigil should not ease after the half-yearly decline in banks’ gross NPA ratio.
3) Shroud (Verb) – कफ़नाना
Definition: Wrap or dress (a body) in a shroud for burial.
Synonyms: Cover, Envelop, Veil, Cloak, Curtain
Antonyms: Expose, Reveal, Uncover, Unveil
Usage: The fog of bad loans shrouding the banking sector appears to be lifting after a long period of sustained stress.
4) Prognosticate (Verb) – शकुन बताना
Definition: Foretell or prophesy (a future event).
Synonyms: Forecast, Predict, Prophesy, Foretell
Antonyms: Describe, Narrate, Recite, Recount, Relate, Report, Tell
Usage: This prompted RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das to prognosticate that the sector “appears to be on course to recovery”.
5) Contagion (Noun) – संसर्ग
Definition: The communication of disease from one person or organism to another by close contact.
Synonyms: Contamination, Infection, Disease, Illness, Infirmity
Antonyms: Purification, Advantage, Cleanliness
Usage: A contagion analysis that assumes there would be no sovereign guarantee provided for the 11 PSBs placed under the PCA curbs.
6) Mala fide (Adjective) – दुर्भावनापूर्ण
Definition: In bad faith; with intent to deceive.
Synonyms: Ambidextrous, Backhanded, Deceitful.
Usage: Close to 95% of the frauds reported in the six months ended September were credit-related, with PSBs again bearing the brunt of mala fide intent on the part of borrowers.
7) Plucky (Adjective) – हिम्मती
Definition: Having or showing determined courage in the face of difficulties.
Synonyms: Brave, Courageous, Bold, Daring, Fearless
Antonyms: Cowardly, Timid, Timorous
Usage: Ruth Bader Ginsburg is the Supreme Court’s eldest and pluckiest member.
8) Diminutive (Adjective) – अल्पार्थक
Definition: Extremely or unusually small.
Synonyms: Tiny, Small, Little, Petite, Minute, Miniature, Mini, Minuscul
Usage: The sharp words that earned the diminutive justice the moniker “Notorious RBG” in recent years were penned in dissent.
9) Exemplary (Adjective) – अनुकरणीय
Definition: Serving as a desirable model; very good.
Synonyms: Perfect, Ideal, Model, Faultless
Antonyms: Deplorable, Unworthy
Usage: An exemplary relationship of talented, loving equals that bears out the film’s arc.
10) Trajectory (Noun) – प्रक्षेपवक्र
Definition: The path followed by a projectile flying or an object moving under the action of given forces.
Synonyms: Course, Route, Path, Track, Line, Orbit
Usage: The missile’s trajectory was preset