“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 Day-4

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-4)

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Directions (Q. 1-5): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is (e).

  1. Citing and borrowing ideas from previously published (a)/ sources is acceptable; however it is (b)/ important to do so using quotations, (c)/ a norm that this doctrine totally ignore. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. More than anything else, it requires war colleges (a)/ and professional military institutions in India to (b)/ implement capsules on academic (c)/ integrity and wide use plagiarism detection software. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. There are only two appendices to (a)/ this report — one describing what is a doctrine and (b)/ the second one, strangely, (c)/ over the topic of civil-military relations. (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. While arguing that “layered hierarchies of the National Security structures should integrate”, (a)/ it called for “inclusivity in policy making” to (b)/ “led by (c)/ integrated and responsive structural mechanisms.” (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e
  1. What could possibly explain such a (a)/ badly written doctrine and does this suggested that (b)/ the Indian military is incapable (c)/ of such an intellectual endeavour? (d)/ No error (e)
  1. a
  2. b
  3. c
  4. d
  5. e

Directions (Q 6-10): Which of the words/phrases (a), (b), (c) and (d) given below should replace the words/phrases given in bold in the following sentences to make it meaningful and grammatically correct? If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (e) as the answer.

6).People with persistent headaches are hence as likely to develop bed’s palsy even as research accounts for other factors which could increase the risk of conditions like diabetes.

  1. Constant, improve, features, boost
  2. Relentless, expand, aspects, rise
  3. Insistent, recover, causes, enhance
  4. Ruthless, look up, parts, add to
  5. No improvement required

7).India has declared a long anticipated programme of measures aimed to open its markets and settle foreign trade negotiators.

  1. Pronounced, expected, intended, soothe
  2. Stated, predictable, deliberate, pacify
  3. Announced, awaited, designed, appease
  4. Affirmed, estimated, considered, conciliate
  5. No improvement required

8).Transforming ineffective bureaucracies into active, this mission of customer-driven organizations is challenging under general circumstances.

  1. Inefficient, dynamic, task, prevailing
  2. Unsuccessful, vibrant, chore, existing
  3. Useless, alive, errand, main
  4. Vain, vivacious, assignment, popular
  5. No improvement required

9). There is a good chance for the members of our society provide we think ourselves Indians first and everything else later.

  1. Luck, area, believe, nothing
  2. Option, group, imagine, nobody
  3. Prospect, region, assume, no one
  4. Fortune, community, consider, anything
  5. No improvement required

10).Having been definite to their homes for a week after a leopard was viewed; the villagers nurtured restless and disturbed.

  1. Decided, appeared, fostered, annoyed
  2. Confirmed, sighted, grew, frustrated
  3. Resolute, stared, reared, aggravated
  4. Determined, gazed, cherished, perturbed
  5. No improvement required

Directions (Q. 11-20):In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningful.

Ethics concern an individual’s moral judgements about right and wrong. Decisions taken within an org anization may be made by individuals or groups, but whoever makes them will be influenced by the culture of the company. The decision to behave ethically is a moral one; employees must decide what they think is the right course of action. This may involve rejecting the route that would lead to the biggest short-term profit. Ethical issues include the rights and duties between a company and its employees, suppliers, customers and neighbours, its fiduciary responsibility to its shareholders. Issues concerning relations between different companies include hostile take-over and industrial espionage. Related issues include governance; corporate; political contributions; legal issues such as the ethical debate over introducing a crime of corporate manslaughter; and the marketing of corporations’ ethics policies.

Business ethics reflects the philosophy of business, one of whose aims is to determine the fundamental purposes of a company. If a company’s purpose is to maximize shareholder returns, then sacrificing profits to other concerns is a violation of its fiduciary responsibility. Business ethics is also known as corporate ethics, a form of applied ethics or professional ethics that examines ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. It applies to all aspects of business conduct and is relevant to the conduct of individuals and entire organizations. Business ethics has both normative and descriptive dimensions. As a corporate practice and a career specialization, the field is primarily normative. Academics attempting to understand business behaviour employ descriptive methods. The range and quantity of business ethical issues reflects the interaction of profit-maximizing behaviour with non-economic concerns. Ethical behaviour and corporate social responsibility can bring significant benefits to a business. For example, they may: attract customers to the firm’s  products,  thereby  boosting  sales  and  profits.  It  makes  employees  want  to  stay  with  the  business,  reduce  labour turnover and therefore increase productivity. It attracts more employees wanting to work for the business, reduce recruitment costs and enable the company to get the most talented employees and also attract investors and keep the company’s share price high, thereby protecting the business from takeover. While unethical behaviour or a lack of corporate social responsibility, by comparison, may damage a firm’s reputation and make it less appealing to stakeholders. Unethical behaviour can also result in bad publicity, resulting in a bad name that will always be associated with the company even if they attempt to utilize a more ethical code of conduct. If a company has unethical behaviour and is charged by the courts, they can wind up paying fines, court fees and may even receive some jail time, many companies eventually go bankrupt and close their doors due to the high cost of unethical behaviours. Unethical behaviour also decreases productivity of a company. If you are working in a company with bad ethical behaviours, it is difficult for the employees to trust each other, or their supervisors. When people work in an environment where they do not trust anyone, they are not going to do their best work, if they continue to work there at all. Unethical behaviour can cause employees to lose the faith in the company and become more likely to call in sick more  often  or  not  even  show  up  at  all.  Once  a  company  is  known  for  having  unethical  behaviours, the effects  can  be permanent. All of the years spent building a good reputation can be quickly torn down with only one unethical incident, destroying the company’s reputation possibly forever.

11). What is meant by Manslaughter ?

  1. A kind of heinous crime
  2. It’s all about foul play.
  3. Legally killing of one human being by another.
  4. Killing without malicious forethought
  5. None of these

12). What is/are the dimensions of Business ethics?

  1. Corporate ethics
  2. Applied ethics or professional ethics
  3. Normative and descriptive
  4. a) and b)
  5. None of these

13). What can be the worst impact of unethical behaviour in corporate world?

  1. It can reduce the loyalty of customer towards the product.
  2. It will reduce productivity.
  3. It may damage firm’s reputation and make it less appealing to stake holders.
  4. A company can be charged by the counts and order to close down it with a fine or jail or both. Thus, company becomes insolvent.
  5. Both a and c

14). Once a company is known for having unethical behaviours, the effect can be-

  1. Permanent
  2. Negligible
  3. Determined
  4. Partial
  5. None of these

15). Which of the following is definitely true in the context of the passage ?

  1. Profit maximization directly proportional to ethical behaviour.
  2. People having ethical behaviour always in loss at their working place.
  3. Corporate culture does not understand business behaviour.
  4. Both b) and c)
  5. None of these

Direction (Q. 16-18) :Choose the word which is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

16).FIDUCIARY

  1. Employee
  2. Depositary
  3. Guardian
  4. Collector
  5. Store keeper

17).ESPIONAGE

  1. Spying
  2. Information
  3. Reforms
  4. Norms
  5. Requirement

18). TORN DOWN

  1. Restored
  2. Solvent
  3. Bulldoze
  4. End
  5. Demolish

Direction (Q. 19-20) : Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

19). WIND-UP

  1. Start
  2. Neglect
  3. Conclude
  4. Unsettled
  5. Normalized

20). BANKRUPT

  1. Successful
  2. Saved
  3. Rich
  4. Solvent
  5. Complete

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