“20-20” English Question | Crack SBI Clerk / IDBI Executive 2018 Day-45

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“20-20” English Questions | Crack SBI Clerk 2018 (Day-45)

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Topic Daily Publishing Time
Daily News Papers & Editorials 8.00 AM
Current Affairs Quiz 9.00 AM
Logical Reasoning 10.00 AM
Quantitative Aptitude “20-20” 11.00 AM
Vocabulary (Based on The Hindu) 12.00 PM
Static GK Quiz 1.00 PM
English Language “20-20” 2.00 PM
Banking Awareness Quiz 3.00 PM
Reasoning Puzzles & Seating 4.00 PM
Daily Current Affairs Updates 5.00 PM
Data Interpretation / Application Sums (Topic Wise) 6.00 PM
Reasoning Ability “20-20” 7.00 PM
English Language (New Pattern Questions) 8.00 PM
General / Financial Awareness Quiz 9.00 PM

 

Direction (1-10): In a passage given below there are 10 blanks, each followed by a word given in bold. Even blank has four alternative words given in options (A), (B), (C) and (D). You have to tell which word will best suit to the respective blank. Mark (E) as your answer if the word given in the bold after the blank is your answer i.e   “No change requires“.

The India Meteorological Department’s forecast of above-normal maximum and minimum temperatures _(1)_[around] the country during the pre-monsoon March-May period is a timely alert for State authorities to review their preparedness. Even a marginal rise above the normal will _ (2) _ [rise] to enormous heat stress for millions of Indians, given the deprived conditions in which they live. Moreover, there are distinct groups at particular risk for health-related problems during a heat wave, such as senior citizens and people with pre-existing disease, mental illness or disability, which _(3)_[bars] them from being able to care for themselves. It is the responsibility of governments to ensure that community-level interventions are _ (4) _ [took up] to help vulnerable groups. One scientific estimate of annual mortality attributable to heat waves between 2010 and 2015 ranges between 1,300 and 2,500.

A spike in summer temperatures in India is not new, but some scientists _ (5)_[set to] that a half-degree rise in average temperature in recent decades has resulted in a higher probability of extreme heat waves and caused a lot of deaths. A heat event thus has serious _ (6) _ [involvement] for public health: it can lead to fatal heat stroke in a small percentage of people, while many more could encounter exhaustion, cramps and fainting. It is vital for governments to ensure that all stakeholders, _ (7) _[along] the health-care system, are prepared to deal with the phenomenon. The World Health Organization_(8)_[counsel] that countries adopt heat-health warning systems, including daily alerts to ensure that people are in a position to deal with adverse weather, starting with reduction of exposure. Water stress is a common and often chronic feature in many States: arrangements should be made to meet _ (9) _[scarcity]. There is some hope that the southwest monsoon this year will benefit from an expected moderate La Niña condition in the equatorial Pacific, marked by cooler-than-average sea surface temperature. Taking the long-term view, India has to pursue mitigation of greenhouse gases _ (10) _ [hardily], since there is a perceived link between increases in average temperature caused by climate change and the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events.

1)

a) Throughout

b) Across

c) Over

d) On

e) No change required

2)

  1. Forefront
  2. Bring
  3. Lead
  4. Conduct
  5. No change required

3)

  1. Permits
  2. Facilitates
  3. intercepted
  4. Prevents
  5. No change required

4)

  1. Took on
  2. Neglectful
  3. Taken on
  4. Taken up
  5. No change required

5)

  1. Contend
  2. Clashed
  3. Maintain
  4. Plead for
  5. No change required

6)

  1.    Dangers
  2. Implications
  3. Significance
  4. Hypothesis
  5. No change required

7)

  1. Together
  2. Including
  3. In addition with
  4. Conjointly
  5. No change required

8)

  1. Denounce
  2. Stroke
  3. Recommends
  4. Touted
  5. No change required

9

  1. Need
  2. Deficiency
  3. Faults
  4. Dehydration
  5. No change required

10

  1. Boldly
  2. Vigorously
  3. Gently
  4. Moderately
  5. No change required

 

Directions (Q11-15): Below ten sentences have been given. Each sentence has been divided in five part denoted by a, b, c, d and e. read the sentence and find out the grammatical error in it. The code of that part of sentence will be your answer. If you find no error in sentence then mark e as your answer

11. While a crash investigation report is awaited from the investigation a)/commission set by the government, it can be said b) /from the tape archive and the eyewitness account that the Bombardier aircraft was c)/doing an unexpected manoeuvre flying that low over the international airport)/ no error e)/.

12. The subsequent violence targeting mosques, Muslim-owned shops a)/and homes, have sparked anxiety and insecurity among Muslims in Sri Lanka, b)/ especially coming just a week after similar arson attacks in c)/ the eastern town of Ampara, and another last November d)./ no error e)/.

13. The court also dismissed his appeal for an urgent hearing a)/on his bail plea and the “threat perception” due b)/to the fact that his father, as a Union minister in the c)/previous UPA government, had handled several sensitive issue. d)/ no error/.

14. Singh was told that the bar had a “no headwear” policy a)/,He tried to explain to a bouncer who approached him that b)/the turban protected his hair and was part of his religion, But his pleas were ignored c)/ and he was “dragged off” from his friends before being removed from the venue d)/no error e)/

15. Confusion within the cockpit of the U.S.-Bangla Airline plane a)/ might have been the primary cause of Monday’s accident, b)/which took the lives of dozens and will clearly make an impact c)/on the tourism sector of a country that is gradually emerging from political turmoil d)/ no error e)/.

 

Direction ( 16-20) – The passage has been divided into several sentences, denoted by A),B),C),D).E) AND F). Read the sentence and arrange them in a manner that the sentences make a meaningful paragraph.

  1. To undergo authentication to access services under Section 7, an individual has to either produce his Aadhaar card or Aadhaar enrolment application.
  2. The fact that time is running out for linking Aadhaar and citizens should not be left in a state of uncertainty was highlighted by one of the judges, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, on the Aadhaar Constitution Bench itself.
  3. The March 13 order is more or less identical to the interim order passed on December 15, 2017 except for the fact that March 31, 2018 continues to be the deadline for linking Aadhaar to subsidies, benefits and services prescribed under Section 7 of the Aadhaar Act of 2016.
  4. Section 7 of the Aadhaar Act says that the Centre and State governments can insist on Aadhaar “for the purpose of establishing identity of an individual as a condition for receipt of a subsidy, benefit or servicefor which the expenditure is incurred from the Consolidated Fund of India”.
  5. Lawyers for the petitioners hint that the court may have excluded Section 7 benefits from the extension because it is statutorily protected by the Aadhaar Act itself, whereas the other linkings like PAN, mobile phones, etc., are based on other statutes or even executive notifications.
  6. Despite submissions made by senior advocate Shyam Divan and advocate Vipin Nair that the indefinite extension of the deadline should include all services, including those under Section7,the court restricted its relaxation of the deadline to services outside Section 7.

 

16. Which sentence should be third in the paragraph?

  1. D
  2. A
  3. C
  4. E
  5. B

17. Which sentence should be second in the paragraph?

  1. E
  2. F
  3. A
  4. D
  5. C

18. Which sentence should be fourth in the paragraph?

  1. B
  2. F
  3. C
  4. A
  5. E

19. Which sentence should be fifth in the paragraph?

  1. D
  2. B
  3. A
  4. F
  5. E

20. Which sentence should be last in the paragraph?

  1. B
  2. C
  3. D
  4. A
  5. F

Answers:

 

Direction (1-10):

1)  Correct Answer is: b)

According to the sentence “across” will be used as it means “from one side to another,”

  1. Correct Answer is: c)

According to the sentence “lead” will be used as it means “to cause or generate”.

  1. Correct Answer is: d)

According to the sentence “prevents” will be used as it means “forbid or inhibit”.

  1. Correct Answer is: d)

According to the sentence “taken up” will be used as it means “engaged and absorbed” .

  1. Correct Answer is: a)

According to the sentence “contend” will be used as it means “to argue or confront”.

  1. Correct Answer is: b)

According to the sentence “implications” will be used as it means “conclusion and indication”.

  1. Correct Answer is: b)

According to the sentence “including” will be used as it means “along with”.

  1. Correct Answer is: c)

According to the sentence “recommends” will be used as it means “to propose or suggest”.

  1. Correct Answer is: e)

According to the sentence “scarcity” is correct as it means “shortage or paucity”.

  1. Correct Answer is: b)

According to the sentence “Vigorously” will be used as it means “actively and robustly”.

Direction (11-15)

  1. Correct answer b)

Set up will be used before by, set up means to establish or begin.

Correct sentence – While a crash investigation report is awaited from the investigation commission set up by the government, it can be said from the tape archive and the eyewitness account that the Bombardier aircraft was doing an unexpected manoeuvre flying that low over the international airport.

12) Correct answer – b)

Has will be used instead of have because violence is in singular form.

Correct sentence -The subsequent violence targeting mosques, Muslim-owned shops and homes, has sparked anxiety and insecurity among Muslims in Sri Lanka, especially coming just a week after similar arson attacks in the eastern town of Ampara, and another last November.

13) Correct answer – d)

Issues will be used instead of issue as several is plural form.

Correct sentence -The court also dismissed his appeal for an urgent hearing on his bail plea and the “threat perception” due to the fact that his father, as a Union minister in the previous UPA government, had handled several sensitive issues.

14) Correct answer d)

Instead of dragged off dragged away will be used which means to pull.

Correct sentence – Mr. Singh was told that the bar had a “no headwear” policy, He tried to explain to a bouncer who approached him that the turban protected his hair and was part of his religion, but his pleas were ignored and he was “dragged away” from his friends before being removed from the venue.

15) Correct answer – b)

May will be used instead of might.

Correct sentence – Confusion within the cockpit of the U.S.-Bangla Airline plane may have been the primary cause of Monday’s accident, which took the lives of dozens and will clearly make an impact on the tourism sector of a country that is gradually emerging from political turmoil.

Direction (16-20):

The correct order of sentence after rearrangement is CFDAEB

The March 13 order is more or less identical to the interim order passed on December 15, 2017 except for the fact that March 31, 2018 continues to be the deadline for linking Aadhaar to subsidies, benefits and services prescribed under Section 7 of the Aadhaar Act of 2016.

Despite submissions made by senior advocate Shyam Divan and advocate Vipin Nair that the indefinite extension of the deadline should include all services, including those under Section7, the court restricted its relaxation of the deadline to services outside Section 7.

Section 7 of the Aadhaar Act says that the Centre and State governments can insist on Aadhaar “for the purpose of establishing identity of an individual as a condition for receipt of a subsidy, benefit or service for which the expenditure is incurred from the Consolidated Fund of India”.

To undergo authentication to access services under Section 7, an individual has to either produce his Aadhaar card or Aadhaar enrolment application.

Lawyers for the petitioners hint that the court may have excluded Section 7 benefits from the extension because it is statutorily protected by the Aadhaar Act itself, whereas the other linkings like PAN, mobile phones, etc., are based on other statutes or even executive notifications.

The fact that time is running out for linking Aadhaar and citizens should not be left in a state of uncertainty was highlighted by one of the judges, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud, on the Aadhaar Constitution Bench itself.

Explanation – The passage is about the five-judge Constitution Bench led by Chief Justice of India pronounces its final verdict on the validity of the Aadhaar scheme on March 13 indefinitely extended the deadline for linking Aadhaar with services such as mobile phones, tatkal passports and bank accounts and it is mentioned that deadline for subsidies and benefits under Section 7 of the Constitution will stay as March 31, 2018.

  1. Correct answer – a) D
  2. Correct answer – b) F
  3. Correct answer- d) A
  4. Correct answer- e) E
  5. Correct answer- a) B

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