English Reading Comprehension and Sentence Rearrangement Detailed Explanations (Day-17)

Dear Readers, Here we have given Practice English Reading Comprehension quiz and questions for Upcoming Bank Exams with detailed explanation. Candidates those who are preparing for Upcoming Bank Exams can make use of it.

Daily Practice Test Schedule | Good Luck

Topic Daily Publishing Time
Daily News Papers & Editorials 8.00 AM
Current Affairs Quiz 9.00 AM
Logical Reasoning 10.00 AM
Quantitative Aptitude “20-20” 11.00 AM
Vocabulary (Based on The Hindu) 12.00 PM
Static GK Quiz 1.00 PM
English Language “20-20” 2.00 PM
Banking Awareness Quiz 3.00 PM
Reasoning Puzzles & Seating 4.00 PM
Daily Current Affairs Updates 5.00 PM
Data Interpretation / Application Sums (Topic Wise) 6.00 PM
Reasoning Ability “20-20” 7.00 PM
English Language (New Pattern Questions) 8.00 PM
General / Financial Awareness Quiz 9.00 PM
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Directions (1-7): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.

Adding to the growing body of judicially inspired electoral reforms, the Supreme Court has imposed an additional disclosure norm for candidates contesting elections. It has asked the Centre to amend the rules as well as the disclosure form led by candidates along with their nomination papers, to include the sources of their income, and those of their spouses and dependants.  The court has also asked for the establishment of a permanent mechanism to investigate any unexplained or disproportionate increase in the assets of legislators during their tenure. The verdict of the two judge Bench on  a petition from the NGO, Lok Prahari, is one more in a long line of significant verdicts aimed at bottling the purity of the electoral process. These include the direction to provide the ‘NOTA’ option in voting machines, and another striking down a clause that saved sitting legislators from immediate disqualification upon conviction. It has ruled that the act of voting is an expression of free speech, and that it is part of this fundamental right that voters are required to be informed  of all  relevant details about a contestant. This led to the rule that candidates should furnish details of any criminal antecedents, educational qualifications and assets.  If disclosure of assets is mandatory, it is only logical that the sources of income are also revealed. And as it is often seen that there is a dramatic increase in the assets of candidates at every election over what was disclosed in previous affidavits, it stands to reason that any rise should be catechized. Few will dispute that lawmakers amassing wealth or gaining unusual access to public funds and loans are concerns that need to be addressed through new norms. To give teeth to its order, the court has made it clear that non-disclosure of assets and their sources would amount to a “corrupt practice” under Section 123 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951. Lest a question be raised whether the court’s order to amend the relevant rules amounted to legislation, the Bench has said it sees no “legal or normative snag”, as the Centre is empowered by the Act to frame rules in consultation with the Election Commission. The idea of a permanent mechanism to collect data about the assets of legislators and periodically examine them is laudable, but it is not clear which authority will run it. The court prophesies a body that would make recommendations for prosecution or disqualification based on its own findings. The Centre and the Election Commission will have to jointly address the issue. The larger message from the verdict is that a fully informed electorate and transparent candidature will be key components of future elections in India.

  1. Choose Antonym for the given word

Prophesy

a) Prognosticate

b) Augur

c) Retrospect

d) Vaticinator

e) None of these.

2). Choose Antonym for the given word

Snag

a) Hitch

b) Rapport

c) Tangle

d) Clog

e) None of these.

3). Choose synonym for the given word

Catechized

a) Indoctrinate

b) Eavesdrop

c) Glean

d) Hearken

e) None of these. 

  1. Choose antonym for the given word

Bottling

a) Canning

b) Refrigeration

c) Boxing

d) Febrile

e) None of these.

  1. Why did Supreme Court order to include NOTA?
  1. To uphold the choice.
  2. To make sure right one won
  3. To be against government
  4. Both a and b
  5. None of these.
  1. What is a major loophole in the passed order?
  1. No centralized system
  2. Judges with too much power
  3. Taxes can’t be disclosed
  4. Both b and c
  5. None of these.
  1. Why is the disclosure of assets and related information necessary?
  1. To make sure people know who they are voting for.
  2. So that people can’t be conned.
  3. To learn of any malpractices going on during the elected members tenure.
  4. All of the above.
  5. None of these.

Directions (8-10): Various statements are given for the questions below. Choose the options corresponding to them mentioning the incorrect statements. If all the statements are correct then choose None of these as your answer.

8.

  1. Mr TT Lee is a man who has defied his critics countless times. He started manufacturing insecticides and then took on bottled drinks. He saw the Japanese succeeded with canned coffee and then created the greatest Taiwanese coffee brand.
  2. But perhaps the most remarkable instance of his hard headedness is using Taiwan’s subtropical climate to make some of the world’s smoothest whisky. Before Kavalan came into being, Mr Lee was handing over the executive reins of his massive conglomerate to his son.
  3. Father and son knew their whisky could depend on Taiwan’s purest water source from Snow Mountain, close to their bottled water factory in Yilan County. The problem, or so they thought, was climate. As luck would have it, Mr YT Lee discovered the heat did not, in fact, interfere with the maturation of whisky.
  4. It enhanced it. Master Blender Ian Chang calls Taiwan’s climate the “sandpaper” that “sands away the rough edges of the whisky,” making it smoother and mellower than you would ever imagine possible.
  1. Only A and C
  2. Both B and C
  3. Only C
  4. Both B an A
  5. None of these.

9.

  1. Now, in the last weeks of his presidential campaign, Donald Trump needed one more stirring slogan. And since he was badly trailing Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton, it would have to be a marketing marvel worthy of Mad Men’s Don Draper, one that encapsulated the vague yet compelling promise of his candidacy—its worship of American ideals and its total break from them.
  2. On October 17, 2016, the Trump-Pence campaign released a five-point plan for ethics reform that featured lobbying restrictions. The plan was called “drain the swamp.” Trump tried out the phase that day at a rally in Green Bay, Wisconsin. He used it the next day at a rally in Colorado.
  3. “We’re going to end the government corruption,” he vowed, “and we’re going to drain the swamp in Washington, D.C.” He then recited a litany of accusations regarding Clinton and her private email server, calling her “the most corrupt person to ever run for the presidency.”
  4. “Build the wall” had been the raw opening cry of Trump’s campaign. “Make America great again” was its chorus. “Drain the swamp” was its closing number. But while talk of a border wall thrilled Trump, he was apparently never too worked up about the festering bog that was the nation’s capital.

a) Only A

b) Both A and B

c) Only B

d) Only C

e) None of these.

10.

  1. On June 29, secretary of veterans affairs David Shulkin sent a memorandum to top managers in his department. “Essential Employee Travel” outlined a new process by which travel would be approved and documented. “I expect this will result in decreased employee travel and generate savings,” he wrote.
  2. Two weeks later, Shulkin and his wife, Merle Bari, fl ew to Copenhagen. With them were three VA staffers and one staffer’s husband. There was also a six-person security detail. “The 10-day trip was not entirely a vacation,” reported The Washington Post. But it wasn’t a three-day conference in Tulsa either.
  3. Shulkin planned the trip so that it began with meetings in Denmark and ended about a week later with meetings in London. In between, there was watching tennis at Wimbledon, visiting medieval castles, touring and shopping. A tourist from Madison, Wisconsin, told the Post she spotted Shulkin and company “whisked to the front of the line” at an attraction in Copenhagen. One of Shulkin’s taxpayerfunded security guards, she said, was hauling a “large number of shopping bags.”
  4. It is noted that taxpayers reimbursed Bari for her expenses, which may have been as high as $3,600 per day. Although some of the other members of the party paid for their travel, taxpayers nevertheless incurred significant costs associated with flights and security
  1. Both C and D
  2. Both D and B
  3. Both A and B
  4. Both A and C
  5. None of these.

Explanation:

1). Correct Answer is: c)

2). Correct Answer is: b)

3). Correct Answer is: a)

4). Correct Answer is: a)

5). Correct Answer is: a)

Explanation: The court ordered NOTA should be included to make sure freedom of speech of people was not disregarded and that they had their choice of doing whatever they wanted during elections.

6). Correct Answer is: a)

Explanation:The proposed system is good system. However, the prime loophole here is that every there is no single authority to handle the entire situation. The situation itself seems to vague. Hence, option a is correct.

7). Correct Answer is: d)

Explanation:All the above are cited as reasons.

8). Correct Answer is: a)

Explanation:In A, ‘succeeded with canned coffee’ is incorrect usage. ‘succeed with canned coffee’ is correct usage.

In C, ‘was climate’ is incorrect usage. The correct usage is ‘was the climate.’.

Hence, a option is correct.

9). Correct Answer is: c)

Explanation: In B, ‘phase that’ is incorrect usage. ‘phrase that’ is correct usage.

10). Correct Answer is: c)

Explanation: In B, ‘phase that’ is incorrect usage. ‘phrase that’ is correct usage.

English New Pattern Questions 

 

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