IBPS Clerk Mains English (Day-03)

Dear Aspirants, Our IBPS Guide team is providing a new series of English Language Questions for IBPS Clerk 2020 Mains so the aspirants can practice it on a daily basis. These questions are framed by our skilled experts after understanding your needs thoroughly. Aspirants can practice these new series questions daily to familiarize with the exact exam pattern and make your preparation effective.

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Error Spotting

Directions (1-5): In the paragraphs given below count the number of grammatical errors and mark as your answer.

1) The tariff-free trade accord on goods that the U.K. and the EU signed on Thursday, days before the post-Brexit transition expires, would mitigate somewhat the consequences of Britain’s narrow decision, in 2016, to leave one of the largest trading blocs. The eleventh hour agreement averts a catastrophic ‘no deal’ scenario. This is bone out by the findings from the U.K. Office for Budget Responsibility. The country now faces a potential 4% loss of GDP over 15 years, compared to remaining in the EU. Leaving without any agreement would have led to a potential loss of 6% of GDP, estimates the fiscal watchdog.

  1. If it has two errors
  2. If it has three errors
  3. If it has four errors
  4. If it has five errors
  5. If it has six or more errors

2) Moreover, given the U.K.’s reliance at the EU for about 75% of food product imports, the significance of zero duty trade for consumers and the retail economy cannot be exaggerated. Brexit’s biggest trade-off for the ordinary citizen is perhaps the restrictions on the right to free movement and work. The tariff-free accessed to Europe’s single market has been realised in exchange for guarantees that Britain would not undercut EU competition rules and environmental regulations. Among the more contentious issues in the talks, the arrangement allays apprehensions about the potential economic threat from the “Singapore-on-Thames” growth model the U.K. may pursue outside the EU.

  1. If it has three errors
  2. If it has five errors
  3. If it has six errors
  4. If it has seven errors
  5. If it has eight or more errors

3) Politically, the post-Brexit partnership could end the occur that has polarised British society. Prime Minister Boris Johnson has predictably claimed victory for restoring the nation’s sovereignty that had supposedly eroded under its 47-year EU membership. His Conservative party’s massive parliamentary majority should enable its automatic approval early next week. The Opposition Labour party had announced its backing for the agreement. Thursday’s terms will provisionally enter into force on January 1, while the European Parliament is expected to give its nod in a few weeks.

  1. If it has only two errors
  2. If it has at least three errors
  3. If it has only four errors
  4. If it has five errors or more
  5. If it has nine errors or more

4) The verdict of a special CBI court in Thiruvananthapuram sentenced to life a former Catholic vicar, Thomas Kottoor, and a nun, Sister Sephy, upon finding them guilty of murdering a 21-year-old novitiate, Abhaya, at a convent in Kottayam, marks a welcome outcome to a long and tortuous investigation and prosecution process. It spells a modicum of relief to the lone surviving kin of Abhaya, her brother, and to those who kept an unflinching faith in the justice system. It were in 1992 that Sr. Abhaya, a pre-degree student, was found dead in a well at the St. Pius X Convent hostel where she was an inmate

  1. If it has two errors
  2. If it has three errors
  3. If it has four errors
  4. If it has five errors
  5. If it has six or more errors

5) The DTH operator have also been facing a challenge from high bandwidth Internet and new generation entertainment providers using Over The Top (OTT) channels that are chipping away at their urban viewer base so valuable to advertisers. Many broadcasters now have a live Internet presence, and newer screen casting technologies pair mobiles to large screen TVs. In such an environment of flux, some existing players have combined technologies, incorporating DTH, Internet service and OTT. There is relief among the DTH players on the licence fee decision, although the Indian Broadcasting Foundation would like to see further liberalisation — the removal of cross media ownership restrictions. Significantly, a legal challenge with the existing annual licence fee in the Supreme Court was recently posted for hearing in February 2021.

  1. If it has two errors
  2. If it has three errors
  3. If it has four errors
  4. If it has five errors
  5. If it has six or more errors

Satatement Inference

Direction (6-10): In each of the questions given below, a passage has been given which are either situational based or describes a scenario. Below each passage, a question has been given which is framed to make you to infer something out of it. Mark out the correct inference as your answer.

6) Despite a forensic report suggesting the possibility of homicide, the CBI found itself up against a wall for want of material evidence that was originally collected by the police but later destroyed. Between 1996 and 2005, it approached the chief judicial magistrate, Ernakulam, thrice with closure petitions. In the first, it said the investigation was inconclusive; it was concluded as a case of murder in the second instance, but without any evidence to track down the culprits; and in the last, the agency again pleaded helplessness in taking the case to its logical conclusion, but the court would have none of it

Which from the following can be inferred about the judicial magistrate?

  1. Irresolute
  2. Confident
  3. Persuaded
  4. Sanguine
  5. Equivocal

7) Describing the farm unions’ decision to return to the negotiation table as “good step”, Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar on Sunday expressed hope that a solution would be found to the stalemate over the new farm laws through discussions. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh reaffirmed that the Centre has no intention of scrapping the minimum support price (MSP) regime, and that no “ma ka lal (no one)” can take away land from the farmers.

Which from the following can be inferred about the Defense Minister?

  1. Domineering
  2. Averment
  3. Persuading
  4. Asseveration
  5. Refutation

8) The SamyuktKisanMorcha, an umbrella body of 40 farm organisations, on Saturday wrote to the Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, announcing the resumption of talks. It also proposed a four-point agenda for the talks that include modalities to be adopted for the repeal of the three central farm Acts; mechanisms to make the remunerative MSP recommended by the National Farmers’ Commission into a legally guaranteed entitlement for all farmers and all agricultural commodities; amendments to be made and notified in the Commission for the Air Quality Management in National Capital Region and Adjoining Areas Ordinance, 2020 to exclude farmers from its penal provisions; and changes to be made in the draft Electricity Amendment Bill, 2020 to protect the interests of farmers.

Which from the following can be inferred about the SamyuktKisanMorcha?

  1. It is putting forward a requisition.
  2. It is putting forward a solicitation
  3. It is putting forward obsecration
  4. It is putting forward petition
  5. It is putting forward desideratum

9) As the world grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic, India has stood out in three distinct ways. One, over the past few weeks, India seems to have broken the link between rising levels of mobility and COVID-19 cases. Fears that the celebrations during the Diwali festival would lead to a surge in virus cases haven’t played out. In fact, the number of new cases has fallen while the fatality rate continues to drop. Two, India has rolled out one of the smallest fiscal support packages globally, with central government spending flat so far this year. Three, inflation is now a big problem, with consumer prices above the 6 per cent tolerance level for the past eight months.

Which from the following can be inferred about the passage?

  1. India has taken correction steps only after it was late to realise the effects of Covid-19 pandemic.
  2. Indians were very cautions during the festive seasons and did fairly well to control the outburst of pandemic.
  3. In the fight against covid 19, India has am upper hand when compared with other nations at present, which is evident with three reasons.
  4. The Central government is generous enough to aid the need throughout the year.
  5. No matter what kinds of measures are taken, the surge in Covid 19 pandemic cannot be controlled.

10) With the vaccine coming, the economy could get a further shot in the arm. The combination of mass vaccinations, herd immunity (for instance in parts of Mumbai) and rising recovery rates augurs well for growth. We expect the resulting exuberance to be led by the release of pent-up demand for high-touch services, in the same way that pent-up demand for physical goods preceded the recovery in 2020.

Which from the following can be inferred about the speaker from the passage?

  1. Sanguine
  2. Ebullient
  3. Vivacious
  4. Zestful
  5. Florid

Answers :

Directions (1-5):

1) Answer: B

Solution: ‘Accord on goods…’ is erroneous as, ‘on’ is incorrect preposition and should be changed with ‘in’.

‘Would mitigate somewhat…..’ is erroneous as, ‘would’ is incorrect  in this context and should be replaced with ‘should’.

‘This is bone…’ is erroneous as, ‘bone’ is incorrect in this context and should be replaced with ‘borne’.

No other errors are there in this passage.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

2) Answer: A

Solution:  ‘Reliance at the EU’ is incorrect as, ‘at’ is incorrect preposition and should be replaced with ‘on’.

‘The tariff-free accessed..’ is erroneous as, ‘accessed’ is incorrect form of word and should be replaced with ‘accesses’.

‘U.K. may pursue’ is incorrect and ‘may’ should  be replaced with ‘might’.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

3) Answer: B

Solution: ‘end the occur..’ is erroneous as, ‘occur’ is incorrect word in this context.

‘majority should enable……….’ is incorrect as ‘should’ is erroneous and must be replaced with ‘would’.

‘Labour party had..’ is erroneous as, ‘had’ is incorrect and should be replaced with ‘has’.

No other errors are here in this passage

Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

4) Answer: A

Solution: ‘sentenced to’ is erroneous as  ‘sentenced’ here is incorrect form of word and should be replaced with ‘sentencing’.

‘It were in’ is erroneous as, ‘were’ is incorrect and should be rewritten as ‘was’.

No other errors are present in the passage

Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

5) Answer: A

Solution: ‘operator have also’ is erroneous and ‘operators’ should replace ‘operator’  to match the context.

‘Challenge with the’ is erroneous as, ‘with’ is incorrect word and should be replaced with ‘against’ to match with the context.

No other errors are present in the passage.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

Directions (6-10):

6) Answer: A

Solution: Let us understand each meaning

A: showing or feeling hesitancy; uncertain.

B: feeling or showing confidence in oneself or one’s abilities or qualities.

C: induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.

D: optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation.

E: open to more than one interpretation; ambiguous.

From the above meanings it is clear that option A is closest to context amongst the other options.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

7) Answer: B

Solution: Let understand each meaning

A: asserting one’s will over another in an arrogant way.

B: an affirmation or allegation.

C: induce (someone) to do something through reasoning or argument.

D: the solemn or emphatic declaration or statement of something.

E: the action of proving a statement or theory to be wrong or false.

From the above meanings it is clear that option B is closest to context amongst the other options.

Therefore, option B is the correct answer.

8) Answer: A

Solution: Let us understand individual meaning

A: demand the use or supply of (something) by official order.

B: the act of asking for or trying to obtain something from someone.

C: earnest pleading or supplication.

D: a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority in respect of a particular cause.

E: something that is needed or wanted.

Understanding the tone of the paragraph and comparing it with the options it appears option B, C and D are out of context. Both A and E infers similar sense of understanding, but option A appears more close to the context.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

9) Answer: C

Solution: Understanding the passage it is clear that, it tries to explain how India is doing fairly better job in grapple with pandemic, when compared with other countries in the world.  It also cites three important reasons to support the claim.

In this context it appears option C is the best fit.

Therefore, option C is the correct answer.

10) Answer: A

Solution: Although the tone of the passage is very cheering, but it appears that the speaker wanted to be very optimistic in nature to shed cheer for his words in order to be hopeful for future.

In that case only ‘sanguine’ meaning optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation; is a perfect choice to the questions.

Therefore, option A is the correct answer.

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